GEO10 DeAnza Earth & Space Sciences Program Questions Help

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Question Description

Questions

1

through

4

: Multiple Choice: For

each of the samples listed classify each rock from

the choices given.

1.

Sample

GOT 101

:

a.

granite

b.

gneiss

c.

limestone

d.

sandstone

e.

marble

2.

Sample

GOT

10

3

:

a.

granite

b.

diorite

c.

schist

d.

gneiss

e.

marble

3.

Sample

GOT

10

5

:

a.

granite

b.

diorite

c.

rhyolite

d.

gabbro

e.

andesite

4.

Sample

GOT

107:

a.

granite

b.

gneiss

c.

limestone

d.

sandstone

e.

marble

5.

Sample GOT 10

9

:

a.

marble

b.

chert

c.

limestone

d.

shale

e.

slate

6.

Sample GOT 1

11

:

a.

shale

b.

limestone

c.

serpentinite

d.

chert

e.

sandstone

Questions

7

through

10

: Multiple Choice: Mark the

best

answer for each question posed below.

7.

What does the texture of sample GOT 102 tell you about the rock

s origin

?

a.

The rock

formed from a single phase of slow cooling deep underground.

b.

The rock

formed from a single phase of rapid cooling at the surface.

c.

The rock

formed from two phases of cooling slow followed by fast forming

finally as a rock at the surface.

d.

The rock

formed fr

om cooling and reheating in multiple phases.

e.

None of the above asnwers is correct.

Introductory Geology

-

2

-

Final Exam

8.

What does the texture of sample GOT 104 tell you about the rock

s origin?

a.

The rock

formed from a single phase of slow cooling deep underground.

b.

The rock

formed from a single

phase of rapid cooling at the surface.

c.

The rock

formed from two phases of cooling slow followed by fast forming

finally as a rock at the surface.

d.

The rock

formed from cooling and reheating in multiple phases.

e.

None of the above asnwers is correct.

9.

What do

es the texture of sample GOT 108

tell you about the rock

s origin?

a.

The rock

formed from a single phase of slow cooling deep underground.

b.

The rock

formed from a single phase of rapid cooling at the surface.

c.

The rock

formed from two phases of cooling slow fo

llowed by fast forming

finally as a rock at the surface.

d.

The rock

formed from cooling and reheating in multiple phases.

e.

None of the above asnwers is correct.

10.

What does the

grain size

of sample GOT

112

tell you about the rock

s origin?

a.

The rock formed in a

n environment of low depositional energy

.

b.

The rock formed in an environment of high depositional energy

.

c.

The rock formed in an aeolian (wind transported) environment

.

d.

All of the above answers are correct

.

e.

None of the above asnwers is correct.

For questio

ns

11

through

20

please refer to

Figure 3

Cliff Exposures at Vaes Dathrak

.

Questions

11

through

17

: Multiple Choice: Mark the

best

answer for each question posed below.

11.

What type of contact exists between Unit 11 and Unit 10?

a.

a comforable

depositional contact

b.

an intrusive contact

c.

a noncoformity

d.

a disconformity

e.

an angular unconformity

12.

A fault cuts the lowest portion of the northern section of this outcrop. What type of

fault is this

?

a.

a right

-

lateral strike

-

slip fault

b.

a left

-

lateral

strike

-

slip fault

c.

a normal fault

d.

a reverse (thrust) fault

13.

What type of contact exists at the base of unit 9 south of the fault?

a.

a comforable depositional contact

b.

an intrusive contact

c.

a noncoformity

d.

a disconformity

e.

an angular unconformity

Unformatted Attachment Preview

“When you play the Game of Stones, you learn or you fail. There is no middle ground.” Reacts with HCl acid Sample GOT-101 0 Figure 6 0 Wedding site of Drogo and Daenerys Targaryen Figure 3 Vaes Dathrak 300 400 600 900 1200 miles 800 1200 1600 2000 km Scale Legend A A’ Cross-sections see Figure 5 B B’ Figure 5 A A’ Figure 2 Figure 4 Figure1 Map of the Known World Biotite Sample GOT-102 Light-gray aphanitic groundmass Pyroxene Phenocrysts Orthoclase Crystalline Sample GOT-103 This map is based on the world map from Lands of Ice and Fire a collection of maps based on the book series A Song of Ice and Fire. These are the stories upon which the popular HBO Series Game of Thrones is based. It isused here along with photos from the HBO series for strictly educational, non-commerical use. It or the included photos may not be used for any other purpose. Figure 2 Rock Samples of Westeros Locations and photos of outcrops and rock samples archived by the Maesters of the seven kingdoms. Map locations are shown with location of the Tower of Joy approximated. Glassy Texture Sample GOT-104 Dragonstone Quartz King’s Landing Orthoclase Sample GOT-105 Tower of Joy 0 0 150 200 450 300 400 600 Scale 800 Clast size > 2mm Sample GOT-106 600 miles Grain size < 2mm and > 1/16mm 1000 km Sample GOT-107 Figure 2 Rock Samples of Westeros Locations and photos of outcrops and rock samples archived by the Maesters of the seven kingdoms. Map locations are shown with location of the Tower of Joy approximated. Glassy Texture Sample GOT-104 Dragonstone Quartz King’s Landing Orthoclase Sample GOT-105 Tower of Joy 0 0 150 200 450 300 400 600 Scale 800 Clast size > 2mm Sample GOT-106 600 miles Grain size < 2mm and > 1/16mm 1000 km Sample GOT-107 Slaverr’s Formation Figure 4 Columnar Sections Across Essos Columnar sections showing the the geology of the continent of Essos from SW to NE. Map shows locations. Arrows in each show the extant of exposed formations. Marine Fossils Gradded-bedding Symmetric ripples Fossil Corrals cross-bedded Sandstone Shale Sandstone Shale Sandstone Chert Coal Granite Limestone Basalt Limestone Slaverr’s Formation Turbidite Turbidite Turbidite Chroyane Formation 900 km Chroyane Formation Chroyane Formation Dothraki Formation Dothraki Formation 600 Scale Chroyane Formation Preserved channel 300 Conglomerate Asymmetric ripples Leaf Fossils 0 Dothraki Formation Sedimentary Structures Turbidite Fossils Rock Units Figure 5 Cross-sections of Western Essos. Cross-sections along NW to SE lines in Western Essos. A A’ B B’ 0 Rock Units Igneous 20 40 60 80 100 Km Scale 500 m B Sedimentary Diorite Breccia Basalt Fractured Sandstone Massive Sandstone Limestone Volcanic Breccia Metamorphic Gneiss B’ Granite Schist Breccia Conglomerate Cross-bedded Sandstone Sandstone Shale Shale Dolomite Limey-Shale A A’ Geology 10: Introductory Geology Dr. Christopher DiLeonardo Winter Quarter 2019 Earth & Space Sciences Program FINAL EXAM PART A Take-Home Collaborative-Exam Part A Take Home (150 points/ 3 points each) Mark all answers for Part A questions on your Parscore® form! Due at the beginning of the final exam. Please use #2 Pencil ONLY to mark on exam Parscore® form! You have been selected by the Maesters of the Seven Kingdoms to help compile the volume The Geology of the Known World. This volume will be kept in the library at the Citadel for future study. Use the information gathered for you from across different parts of the known world to answer the questions below… you are now playing the Game of Stones. For questions 1 through 6 please refer to the rock samples from across the known world found in figures 1 through 3. Questions 1 through 4: Multiple Choice: For each of the samples listed classify each rock from the choices given. 1. Sample GOT 101: a. granite b. gneiss c. limestone d. sandstone e. marble 2. Sample GOT 103: a. granite b. diorite c. schist d. gneiss e. marble 3. Sample GOT 105: a. granite b. diorite c. rhyolite d. gabbro e. andesite 4. Sample GOT 107: a. granite b. gneiss c. limestone d. sandstone e. marble 5. Sample GOT 109: a. marble b. chert c. limestone d. shale e. slate 6. Sample GOT 111: a. shale b. limestone c. serpentinite d. chert e. sandstone Questions 7 through 10: Multiple Choice: Mark the best answer for each question posed below. 7. What does the texture of sample GOT 102 tell you about the rock’s origin? a. The rock formed from a single phase of slow cooling deep underground. b. The rock formed from a single phase of rapid cooling at the surface. c. The rock formed from two phases of cooling slow followed by fast forming finally as a rock at the surface. d. The rock formed from cooling and reheating in multiple phases. e. None of the above asnwers is correct. Introductory Geology -1- Final Exam Part A 8. What does the texture of sample GOT 104 tell you about the rock’s origin? a. The rock formed from a single phase of slow cooling deep underground. b. The rock formed from a single phase of rapid cooling at the surface. c. The rock formed from two phases of cooling slow followed by fast forming finally as a rock at the surface. d. The rock formed from cooling and reheating in multiple phases. e. None of the above asnwers is correct. 9. What does the texture of sample GOT 108 tell you about the rock’s origin? a. The rock formed from a single phase of slow cooling deep underground. b. The rock formed from a single phase of rapid cooling at the surface. c. The rock formed from two phases of cooling slow followed by fast forming finally as a rock at the surface. d. The rock formed from cooling and reheating in multiple phases. e. None of the above asnwers is correct. 10. What does the grain size of sample GOT 112 tell you about the rock’s origin? a. The rock formed in an environment of low depositional energy. b. The rock formed in an environment of high depositional energy. c. The rock formed in an aeolian (wind transported) environment. d. All of the above answers are correct. e. None of the above asnwers is correct. For questions 11 through 20 please refer to Figure 3 Cliff Exposures at Vaes Dathrak. Questions 11 through 17: Multiple Choice: Mark the best answer for each question posed below. 11. What type of contact exists between Unit 11 and Unit 10? a. a comforable depositional contact b. an intrusive contact c. a noncoformity d. a disconformity e. an angular unconformity 12. A fault cuts the lowest portion of the northern section of this outcrop. What type of fault is this? a. a right-lateral strike-slip fault b. a left-lateral strike-slip fault c. a normal fault d. a reverse (thrust) fault 13. What type of contact exists at the base of unit 9 south of the fault? a. a comforable depositional contact b. an intrusive contact c. a noncoformity d. a disconformity e. an angular unconformity Introductory Geology -2- Final Exam 14. There are two contacts between the limey-shale unit 1 and the breccia unit 2 at the bottom of the cliff-exposure. One is a simple conformable depositional contact, the other type of contact is an example of a(n): a. nonconformity. b. angular unconformity. c. disconformity. d. intrusive contact. e. fault (tectonic) contact. 15. The oldest rock type exposed in this outcrop is a(n): a. Limey-shale. b. breccia. c. sandstone. d. chert. e. basalt. 16. What principle best supports the answer to the question 15 above? Hint: how did you determine the oldest rock type from the next oldest? a. The principle of original horizontality. b. The principle of stratigraphic superposition. c. The principle of original continuity. d. The principle of inclusion. e. The principle of cross-cutting relationships. Questions 14 through 16: True/False (Note: True is T(a) and False F(b) on your ParScore® form). 17. Faulting within the cliff exposures at Vaes Dathrak is still active. 18. The fault within this cliff exposure is the product of tension. 19. The contact at the base of the basalt (unit 14) is an intrusive contact. 20. Units 11 and 12 could have been depsoited in a shallow marine environment in a passive continental margin setting. Questions 21 through 25 please refer to the columnar sections across Essos (Figure 4). Questions 1 through 3: Matching: for each formation indicate the environment of deposition. SEDIMENTARY ENVIRONMENT FORMATION 21. Slaver’s Formation ______________ A. Shallow Marine D. Deep Marine 22. Dothraki Formation ______________ B. Desert E. Fluvial 23. Chroyane Formation ______________ C. Glacial 24. Was sealevel rising or falling during deposition? a. rising b. falling 25. For the area of Essos depicted by the columnar sections, in which direction would someone have to travel during deposition to head “offshore?” a. Southwest b. Northeast Introductory Geology -3- Final Exam For questions 26 through 40 please refer to the NW – SE cross section A – A’ across Essos (Figure 5). Questions 26 through 40: Multiple Choice: Mark the best answer for each question. 26. Which rock type is the oldest in the cross section A – A’? a. granite b. gneiss c. basalt d. fractured sandstone e. dolomite 27. What relationship best supports your answer to question 26? a. cross-cutting relationship b. principle of inclusion c. principle of stratigraphic superposition d. principle of original continuity e. principle of original horizontality 28. Which rock type is the youngest in the exposed sequence SE of the fault? a. gneiss b. granite c. basalt d. fractured sandstone e. dolomite 29. The youngest sedimentary unit in the “tilted sequence” beneath the Dolomite? a. massive sandstone. b. conglomerate. c. fractured sandstone. d. the upper breccia unit. e. the lower breccia unit. 30. A fault cuts the cross-section dipping to the northwest. What type of fault is this? a. a right-lateral strike-slip fault b. a left-lateral strike-slip fault c. a normal fault d. a reverse (thrust) fault 31. What is the age of the fault relative to the age of the granite? a. the granite is younger than the fault b. the granite is older than the fault c. the fault and the granite intrusion are the same age d. there is no way to tell the age relationships from the cross-section 32. The contact between the granite and the tilted sequence is a(n): a. nonconformity. b. angular unconformity. c. disconformity. d. intrusive contact. e. fault (tectonic) contact. Introductory Geology -4- Final Exam 33. The contact at the base of the lower breccia unit is a(n): a. nonconformity. b. angular unconformity. c. disconformity. d. intrusive contact. e. fault (tectonic) contact. 34. The contact between the dolomite and the underlying tilted sequence is an example of a(n): a. nonconformity. b. angular unconformity. c. disconformity. d. intrusive contact. e. fault (tectonic) contact. 35. The contact between the dolomite and the underlying granite is an example of a(n): a. nonconformity. b. angular unconformity. c. disconformity. d. intrusive contact. e. fault (tectonic) contact. 36. The tilted sequence generally dips in which direction? a. Northwest b. Southwest c. Northeast d. Southeast 37. The fault depicted in this cross-section is the product of what kind of stress on the crust? a. compression b. tension c. latteral shearing stress d. impossible to know from the information given 38. Which statement best descibes the activity of the fault? a. The fault depicted in this cross-section is inactive. b. The fault depicted in this cross-section could be active. c. It is imposible to tell if the fault is likely active or not. 39. How many periods of mountain building are depicted in this cross-section? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 e. there are no mountain building events depicted 40. Could the faulting and volcanism depicted in this cross-section have occurred in the same plate-tectonic setting? a. Yes they more than likely formed in the same tectonic setting. b. No the faulting and the two volcanic events depicted happen in dfferent tecontic settings. Introductory Geology -5- Final Exam For questions 41 through 50 please refer to the Geologic map Southwest of The Bite. Questions 41 through 50: Multiple Choice: Mark the best answer for each question posed below. 41. Three major NE-SW trending thrust faults cut through the area. These are parallel to the axial traces of the folds in this region. Are they both formed from the same type of stress regime? a. yes b. no c. not always 42. If your answer to question 41 was yes (a), what stress regime does the deformation of the crust represent? a. tension d. my answer to question 41 was b. compression either b or c. c. latteral shearing stress 43. Consider the three minor faults in the area (Flt1 through Flt3). Flt1 is what kind of structure? a. a right-lateral strike-slip fault b. a left-lateral strike-slip fault c. a normal fault d. a reverse (thrust) fault 44. Faults Flt1 formed under what kind of crustal stress? a. tension b. compression c. latteral shearing stress 45. The Maesters need to know the attitude (strike and dip) of rock units in this fold and thrust belt. What best describes the strike and dip of beds in unit 4 at L2? a. striking NW dipping NE b. striking NW dipping SW c. striking NE dipping SE d. striking NE dipping NW e. there is no way to tell from the information on the map 46. The Maesters need to know the attitude (strike and dip) of rock units in this fold and thrust belt. What best describes the strike and dip of beds in unit 4 at L4? a. striking aprroximately N-S dipping E b. striking aprroximately N-S dipping W c. striking aprroximately E-W dipping N d. striking aprroximately E-W dipping S e. there is no way to tell from the information on the map 47. What type of fold is F5? a. a nonplunging syncline b. a nonplunging anticline c. a plunging syncline d. a plunging anticline Introductory Geology -6- Final Exam 48. What is the direction of plunge for fold F5? a. towards the SW b. towards the NW c. towards the SE d. towards the NE e. this is a nonplunging fold 49. What type of fold is F3? a. a nonplunging syncline b. a nonplunging anticline c. a plunging syncline d. a plunging anticline 50. What is the direction of plunge for fold F3? a. towards the SW b. towards the NW c. towards the SE d. towards the NE e. this is a nonplunging fold end of part A of Final Exam NOTE: Please make sure of the following prior to coming to sit for the Part B portion of the Final Exam. 1. Be sure that your answers have been marked on an appropriate par score form using #2 pencil. 2. Make sure that any erasures have been made completely and that they are not smeared. 3. Be sure to put your name in both places on the ParScore® form and that it is “bubbled in.” 4. Make sure your PIN number is used in the area that says “student ID” and that you have bubbled this in as well. 5. You may NOT have these questions out when sitting for the Part B portion of the Final Exam. Introductory Geology -7- Final Exam ...
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Tutor Answer

TabbyK
School: Boston College

Attached.

Geology 10: Introductory Geology
Dr. Christopher DiLeonardo
Winter Quarter 2019
Earth & Space Sciences Program

FINAL EXAM PART A Take-Home Collaborative-Exam

Part A Take Home (150 points/ 3 points each)
Mark all answers for Part A questions on your Parscore® form! Due at the beginning of the final exam.
Please use #2 Pencil ONLY to mark on exam Parscore® form!
You have been selected by the Maesters of the Seven Kingdoms to help compile the volume The
Geology of the Known World. This volume will be kept in the library at the Citadel for future study. Use
the information gathered for you from across different parts of the known world to answer the
questions below… you are now playing the Game of Stones.
For questions 1 through 6 please refer to the rock samples from across the known world found
in figures 1 through 3.

Questions 1 through 4: Multiple Choice: For each of the samples listed classify each rock
from the choices given.
1. Sample GOT 101:
a. granite
b. gneiss
c. limestone
d. sandstone
e. marble

2. Sample GOT 103:
a. granite
b. diorite
c. schist
d. gneiss
e. marble

3. Sample GOT 105:
a. granite
b. diorite
c. rhyolite
d. gabbro
e. andesite

4. Sample GOT 107:
a. granite
b. gneiss
c. limestone
d. sandstone
e. marble

5. Sample GOT 109:
a. marble
b. Chert
c. limestone
d. shale
e. slate

6. Sample GOT 111:
a. shale
b. limestone
c. serpentinite
d. chert
e. sandstone

Questions 7 through 10: Multiple Choice: Mark the best answer for each question posed below.
7. What does the texture of sample GOT 102 tell you about the rock’s origin?
a. The rock formed from a single phase of slow cooling deep underground.
b. The rock formed from a single phase of rapid cooling at the surface.
c. The rock formed from two phases of cooling slow followed by fast
forming finally as a rock at the surface.
d. The rock formed from cooling and reheating in multiple phases.
e. None of the above asnwers is correct.
Introductory Geology

-1-

Final Exam Part A

8. What does the texture of sample GOT 104 tell you about the rock’s origin?
a. The rock formed from a single phase of slow cooling deep underground.
b. The rock formed from a single phase of rapid cooling at the surface.
c. The rock formed from two phases of cooling slow followed by fast
forming finally as a rock at the surface.
d. The rock formed from cooling and reheating in multiple phases.
e. None of the above asnwers is correct.
...

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