Race and Ethnicity Response Papers

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I need you to write response papers for two classes. Each response paper is 2 full pages single space.

-First response paper is regarding ( History of immigration )---- 2 full pages in a document.

- Second response paper is regarding (African American)------- 2 full pages in a document.

I have uploaded the two classes readings files ( History of immigration) and ( African American) that you need to obtain the information from them.

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Race and Ethnicity it) the United States: Our Differencesand Our Roots Reid Luhman Eastern Kentucky University THOIVISON Australia • Canada • Mexico • Singapore • Spain • United Kingdom • United States The "NrJJ lmmigt ·tmtI " a11dtht 014 Minoriiia: I UO-J Mi • t 79 Miii'l;IWMM EUROPEAN IMMIGRA TION TO Tt-lE UNITED STATISS 1820-1930 3.(j Northwestern Europew 3.-1 3.2 rmrmgra.at.s 3.0 1 2.8 ] 2.6 ] 1.4 I Southeatem Europe...n immigr.ints 'Each point on gnph includes live:year tona!sbc:gfoning with yco.rlisted. ~u i 2.0 :i ::: 1.4 1.2 1.0 0.8 0.6 M 0.2 New Immigrants from Europe The United States rece ived much of its modern character from European immigni nt s who arrived between J880 and 1914. The ir numbers alone-26 million new Americans-w uld Jea\·e a perm2nent m.r · Although 11n11ugrnnts continued co co111efrom Ger111-.iny (both Proum11n1 and Catholic), , candinn ia, 2nd the Bmish Isles, snurhca. tern Europe w~. the SO\lrce of mosr (Figure 6. 1). People from C4~t· cm Genmny, Poland, Russia, July, Greece. Hunl!'ary- all the lav1c counmcSarrivcd in cw York harbor looking for opporrun i~•. ffeeing Oppre~. inn. or both. pAcc constraints prohlhu doing even minimal 1us ice to this mass of humonicy. Ra,b.er than rrymg w 1ell tou many scories, we focu. on two groups-Jt~r.~~s and casrern l:uropc11nJew-to provide a A.a,·oro the ,i1..-ersm·of the..senew 11nm1gr~m.sand 1he dme in istory !.heyarrived. Thcs rwo grou p5, ere ~clccml for ·che s11,e of rhclr ,mmtl!'ration plus their cultural di f..rcnccs from m~m rrcam Americ-.i.in 1880. The Italians ,.,,. ,th. The first Italians co enter the United States were men, either single or craveli.og out their wives and children. ~vpicaUy,they were of working-age uns1:Wed(44 per· cent), and illitt:race (Brown, 1989; Cohen M, J 992)..The primary go:il masc was to earn moner in the new country and rerurn home ni th it ns they had m me past (Cohen M, 1992). Now ch~tthe Atlantic crossing was quicker, Sil er, and chuper wlth the coming of the steamship, it was possible for these men to go back ~ndforth several times before finall}'bringing their familiesover. ln many cases, 11 i es and children would remain i-nItaly for decades before being permanentl · reunit ed with the_ir hus· bands and fathers. By J 900, the Italian community 1n the United Smcs w-..ssoll only :5 percent women (Friedman-Kaaba, J996). . Al, with most European unmigrants Ii-omthe mld-J800s on, most ltahans became urlr.init~ Ut the Un1~d totes. B the 1880s, almost all European immigrants were heing routed thruugh the immigration processing cemer on Ellis Island in ~e New Yorkharbor. Aft1:rad01iss lon, 1 ·e-i· YorkCity was their first ei-perienceof Amenca. One fa: I RO• Part Two 11.ir C= of C/111rnaei,: E1111·1111m rmd E.tiir Thr "Ntw /r,rwig r1111 ,.;" a11dthe Old Minodr:ies:1880-1965 • 181 could ?1'd work_there .ancl move into 11p-owmg lcah:111 ethruc community "'here life s:emca less for:1gu. Sult, it c!W J,ipnnese entrepreneu rs were noc in direct competition with Ew-opean American businessmen (who di,l nol, for ex~mplt, grow ~trnwherrics), their success only increased the pr·111C:.t · .\111cncJ11 f.1111ik }:, 111:. . ., l /, ·..!C)l~l':111/11\ p·HC111$ ., ' ·I IL , the rs \\'t'l' I! rht· ult111;!1t1: 11mh11nci~I .. c, ~ l,1rae1criic< )' ~cro:,~ lc.1.lcrsh1p. F:r.11J1h(\nt\ ,\ 1 h .. • . , d , >Ill ,lln r l('r~ t\u1111:1111l.'J con,irlcrahlc infor:11,1' · · ot 'r.; ,lf!ll\1 c~ "·en• pnrttl'llhrh ,·1 t, ~po:1,illlc/or t:,lrlv childhnt>d~ :1 I . . 1' . ' lf1(')11~n t ll~\111"l 1' 11l ·1 l 1·n 1c I , 't'' ,,clc "' l ,~ pu iht· ~dt ofll ,_,·s1~111. l . ,,. the , , ... ' ' , 111,C'g:.11c,rn \11i.·nl·;111 ,·hildrc:1. '\1sc.: 1 children c, cll ·d . 1·, I . I lCt < 11us-c. \ Vhc~ he was gone shi smocl thcr" smashing cups and l.tuwlsand platters until the whole ~ct lay in scattered blue.and white frogrnenu across the wooden floor. .\lleanwhilc, the W3r Reloc;itinn Auth ricy (WRA) was crcateci to form :1nd run the relocation eirnp.s. As the ,amp!i lilted, the Cnited . mes govcmmcn1 began to con ider th pn. ibility of lln all-J3panesc American uni in the army Becnu e he UnmJ , taf military v~ssti)I racially segregated in World V :ir n. this umr wonltl consi~iof only Japanese Amer can troops led b - Eur ope an :\mcric-anoffic1:rs.On Februar:yl, 194 ~, Secrc ary o \,\,' r timson annuunc:cdthe formanon rhc 4-llnd Reg- or imcnral Combat Tc-am. Tite Selective Semce Sy cm originally had cl. ssificd the 1'.isci-ru:4-C (th~ 3lm: SU! Ii as cncm~ aliens), but their clii:ss1fic:arion was ehnnged to I ·A, making them a11A1lable for the ,traft.rIawaiianJapnnese A.rneriCllns compnsed the majority()(this new unit , bur_ isd in the camps 11 ~llinl!to ~ign lo)•a!tyoaths also, ere eligible. They were tr. ined 3nd sent to Europe to fight whiletheir familie5remained tn the relocationcamps. The 442nd I ould nlrimalel)• see 111.000, ' isei men in it; service, most o( I.hem volu1ueers.By the end or the war, they had reccivecl9,4 6 c sualriesand been \\3rded 18,143 !ndiv11 h1alciccnr:irfons1m: udingonc Congrcss1or1nl Nlcdal of Honor (19 rotal were aw rc!e
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Race and ethnic relations; African Americans
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Martin Merger’s “Race and Ethnic Relations” is a book that is directed towards the
sociological interactions of a college student and instructor. It begins by introducing chapters that
entail information about sociological theories that are mainly related to race and ethnicity.
Merger proceeds to handle major issues about the bigger races in the United States that is; Native
Americans, Jewish Americans, White Ethnic Americans, Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans
and lastly, he discusses the African-Americans.
Martin Merger is an enthusiastic and an educated scholar who in chapter seven writes
about African Americans. His description has properly balanced the projections, misconceptions
and the prejudices against this race in accordance to its history in the United States. In previous
chapters, Merger breaks down the entry of the different races into the United States and tells us
about the difference in history of each and every race as they emigrate into the US. The
prejudices that these races have come across over time, the lower level income rates they get
compared to people of other ethnicities. Other aspects include their level of power in relation to
other races, and the perceptions of themselves. In the earlier stages of this book, Merger is
clearly trying to portray how largely the WASP’s (White Anglo-Saxon Protestants) have been a
dominant force in the United States in the past. Merger, however, tries to explain that this has not
been the same in the recent decades as we have witnessed a change in access to power and great
immigrant influxes which has seen a great change in dynamic.
The way that Merger portrays the level of extensiveness in the bibliography is amazing as
he g...

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