UWinnipeg Impact of Charter Rights and Freedom on Canadian Democracy


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I have already written the proposal for the research essay and have included the bibliography into it. Just want to make the final research essay out of it. I have attached the research proposal below.

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Introduction to Politics (2018-2019) Prof. Peter Ives Research Essay or Project Assignment (20% of final grade) Proposal, due February 14 (5% of your final grade): Length 1-2 pages (250-500 words), double-spaced, 12pt. font, 1 inch margins. Your proposal will clarify the topic of your essay. It does not have to provide a thesis or analysis. But it needs to demonstrate how you will go about generating a thesis and why that thesis is important. If you wish to propose a different topic from those listed below. That is fine. It is recommended you discuss it with me first. If you wish to propose something other than a written paper as a final product, you can (e.g. an oral presentation to the class, a poster, a board game, etc…). Whether you are proposing a paper or an alternative project, you need to demonstrate in this proposal how it will delve deeper into one of the themes in this course in a manner that develops your research skills and knowledge of politics, broadly defined. Your proposal must include a short preliminary bibliography (at least two sources). Late papers may be penalized up to 3% per day. Extensions may be granted prior to the due date. Final Paper or Project, due April 4 (15% of your final grade): Length 8 pages (about 2000 words), double-spaced, 12pt. font, 1 inch margins. Provide a cover page and bibliography or works cited list (not counted in the page count or numbering). Refer to the documents available on the course website: “Essay Writing Guide” and the “Citations, Footnotes and Quotations.” This paper or project will be evaluated on its clear presentation of a thesis, its demonstration that this thesis is important and its support of that thesis. Late papers may be penalized up to 3% per day. Extensions may be granted prior to the due date. I suggest that you find a topic below that interests you and begin a journal search in one of the above noted titles, all available through our library, http://library.uwinnipeg.ca/. These journals are recommended: Canadian Journal of Political Science, American Political Science Review, Review of Politics, Political Studies, Studies in Political Economy, and Political Quarterly. Depending on your topic you can broaden your search, but make sure most of your central supporting arguments come from academic sources. If you have any questions about such sources, please ask me. All of these topics are phrased much too broadly for their answer to make a good thesis. But they should provide very good search terms. Please remember that the reader of any work turned in should be able to determine the source of ideas that you are referring to and examining. If you have any questions about this, please bring them up in class. See the Course Outline concerning academic misconduct and plagiarism. Suggested Topics: 1) What has been the impact of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms on Canadian democracy? 2) Why is low voter turnout a problem? Is it a problem for democratic legitimacy? Are practical changes to our electoral system (e.g. proportional representation) likely to increase voter turnout? 3) What is the relationship between ideologies and a specific political party in Canada (e.g. the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party, the NDP...)? 4) While Indigenous rights and Treaty rights are specifically mentioned in the Constitution of Canada, many argue that there continues to be a deep tension concerning respecting or applying these rights. Do we need to rethink the Constitution in terms of Indigenous rights? Or is the tradition of European-style constitutions at odds with traditions of Indigenous governance? 5) Is the Senate in Canada ineffective? Is it ‘un-democratic’? Evaluate the arguments for a tripleE Senate. 6) Feminists seem to have many achievements in the last thirty years, yet recent years have witnessed what may seem to be a backlash where issues such as abortion are back on the political agenda at least in the US. Write an essay exploring the persistence of gender being a central political issue, whether in terms of electoral candidates, economics, cultural or social issues. 7) Which is a better electoral system proportional representation or ‘first past the post’? 8) Why is freedom of speech and expression important to democracy? What are its limits? 9) In recent years, many if not most Albertans have shown some frustration with Canadian Federalism. Is federalism still working for Canada? Do we have ‘asymmetrical federalism’? Do we have ‘cooperative’ federalism? 10) As you know, Canada’s sovereignty is divided between the federal government and the provinces. Where does this leave cities? An increasing number of Canadians live in cities, should they have a more prominent role in political decision making? 11) Are protest movements important for democracy? How effective can they be? Are they antidemocratic? 12) Is the media’s need for scandal and controversial content adversely affecting Canadian democracy? Has the rise of Twitter, Instragram, Snapchat, Facebook, etc… totally changed the media landscape? How does this affect democracy? 13) Within the Brexit referendum’s surprise success and President Trump’s election based substantively on an anti-free trade, national interest agenda, the dominance of neo-liberal globalization seems to be severely threatened. Indeed, trade wars between the U.S. and Canada as well as between both countries and China seem to be heating up. Is it accurate to see these developments as the end of the neo-liberal era? Or is it better to see these developments as a continuation of key elements of neo-liberalism including an increase in wealth inequality, further cuts on the welfare state and further fragmentation of society? 14) From media reports, one would think that both the number of refugees and immigration is on the increase. But scholars often emphasize that we need to clearly distinguish refugees from other immigrants, and differing categories of immigration. Write an essay exploring the politics of immigration and/or refugees by narrowing your analysis to specific types of either category. 15) Is the increasing inequality of wealth in Canada a problem for democracy? 16) Climate change is arguably one of the most pressing issues facing Canada. Analyze the adequacy of how each major federal political party provides voters a choice about dealing with the environment? 17) Climate change is arguably one of the most pressing issues facing the world. Will our current nation-state system be able to address this issue? The Charter secures those fundamental rights and opportunities of all Canadians that are considered fundamental to protecting Canada as a free and law based nation. It applies to all governments- government, common and regional- and incorporates assurance of the taking after: crucial freedoms, majority rule rights. Not only the politicians, but all the Canadians need to get aware of affect of the Canadian Constitution of Rights and Freedoms on Canadian vote based system. The Constitution ensures the rights of people by cherishing those rights, certain limits on them, within the most noteworthy law of the land. Since it’s sanctioning in 1982, the Constitution has made social and legitimate insurgency in Canada, growing the rights of minorities, changing the nature of criminal examinations and indictments, and subjecting the will of Parliament and councils to legal examination- a continuous source of controversy (Foot, 2018). The Constitution is actuating noteworthy and lasting changes within the conduct of Canadian legislative issues. Canadian judges have shed their pre-Charter fashion of concession and self-restraint, and are playing a bolder and more powerful part within the administering prepares. The Constitution has too started to alter the way the Canadian political framework works (Morton, 2009). Section 1 is critical highlight of our constitution that has been utilised as a demonstrate universally. Nations such as Ireland, Uganda, United Kingdom and Zimbabwe have looked to Canadian Constitution choices when applying their constitutions. The constitution ensures values of reasonableness, regard and resistance that are the premise of our society (Social Change Since 1982, n.d.). The charter secures those essential rights and flexibilities of all Canadians and may be a capable lawful apparatus that secures those living in Canada from breaches by the federal and provincial governments, what has been the impact of Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms on Canadian democracy? The Canadian charter of rights and freedoms, dug in through the Constitution Act, 1982 ensures different crucial rights and flexibilities of Canadians. It fortifies Canada’s democratic institutions, but also helps reinforcing other popular governments overseas. The Constitution does in reality upgrade vote based system. If the government power goes beyond the limits the choices you or any individual can make, there should be a reason, based on the values we hold as a society. All rights and opportunities set out within the constitution are ensured, subject to sensible confinements under the terms of section 1. This has the effect of entrenching the rights and freedoms set out in the charter. The Charter secures each Canadian’s right to be treated similarly under the law. The constitution ensures wide correspondence rights and other essential rights such as the opportunity of expression, flexibility of get together and opportunity of religion. Bibliography Foot, R. (2018, Feburary 26). Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/canadian-charter-of-rights-andfreedoms Fundamental Freedom: The Charter Of Rights and Freedom. (n.d.). Retrieved from Charter of Rights: http://www.charterofrights.ca/en/28_00_03 Morton, F. L. (2009, November 10). The Political Impact of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. Canadian Journal of Political Science/Revue canadienne de science politique, 20(1). Retrieved from https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/canadian-journal-of-political-science-revue-canadienne-descience-politique/article/political-impact-of-the-canadian-charter-of-rights-andfreedoms/B30FAF444810C9892CEC472E0BE60861 ...
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School: Duke University



Impact of Charter of Rights and Freedom on Canadian Democracy
Student Name
University Name




This paper is of the opinion that the Charter of Rights and Freedom is an integral part of the
democratic process in Canada and it therefore supports democracy. This is through the rights
guaranteed for equality, checks in place and the spirit of inclusive participation of all Canadian
Keywords: Charter, rights, democracy, minorities, parliament, judiciary, notwithstanding
clause, Charter Challenge Program



Impact of Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom on Canadian Democracy
Charter of Rights and Freedom introduced changes in various aspects of Canadian
democracy. These changes are, in brief, as follows. Canadian judges now play a bigger role in
governance unlike their limited role before where decisions were restrained or deferred. In precharter era, making of laws was mainly under provincial governments. With the Charter coming
into effect, Supreme Court has been mandated with passage of uniform federal laws. There have
been changes in how criminal law is applied from a crime control model to a due process model.
The field of politics has also changed in terms of how change in policy is achieved. Policy
groups, instead of petitioning politicians for change as was the norm, are now going to the courts
to enforce constitutional litigation as per the charter (Morton, 1987, p33).
Basically, this charter of 1982 has improved state of democracy in Canada and
strengthened her democratic institutions. These positive changes have been effected by various
features in this Charter. One feature outlines how fundamental rights will be protected in order to
sustain democracy. This protection will be the mandate of the judiciary arm of government.
Further, there are restrains placed on judges to ensure that there is a check through the Charter’s
notwithstanding clause on this arm of government.
A Constitutional Act of 1982 was what brought into been the Canadian Charter of Rights
and Freedom. Its main objective was to ensure that the rights and freedom of Canadians were
protected without undermining democracy. This charter has strengthened the democratic
institutions of Canada by guaranteeing her citizens, including minorities, their democratic rights
and preventing enactment of policies that are populous. The judiciary arm of the government is
the body that protects these guaranteed rights through a law making process that is democratic in



nature through its involvement with the people’s parliament. Judges do not have unbridled
powers. Instead, their powers are checked from been abused through the Charter’s
notwithstanding clause.
Democratic rights for Canadian citizens guaranteed by the Charter are: voting rights in
elections that will be conducted after a specified period (or unique circumstances) and a
Canadian government that will be democratic in nature. Before the entrenchment of the Charter
into t...

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