3. critically appraise the implications of the way in which Enterprise-Wide Systems affect
people, processes, structures and operational management, and be able to identify
and define potential problems and solutions.
4. identify and explain the major objectives, critical success factors and characteristics
of Enterprise-Wide Systems and their implementation.
Word Count 2000 maximum (as specified by the Coursework length protocol)
A Critical Literature Review
You are required to carry a critical review of peer-reviewed academic articles choosing
one of the following areas. Note that the term Supply Chain Management (SCM) here
means that if you want to focus on Procurement, this is possible as Procurement may be
viewed as part of SCM.
Enterprise wide Systems and Supply Chain Management;
Business Intelligence/Analytics and Supply Chain Management;
Big Data and Supply Chain Management
Information Management and Supply Chain Integration;
Information Management and Change Management (Business Transformation).
Information Management and Supply Chain Management.
New Technology impact on Supply Chain Management
This task requires the selection of a minimum of five (5) articles taken from at least three (3)
different journals and different editions where the same journal is selected. THREE of these
articles should be original research articles. The other two may be either/both
Conceptual papers or Literature Reviews. The length of these articles should be a
minimum of eight (8) pages, excluding the references or diagrams. Shorter journals can still
be used to support your position or arguments but cannot be included as one of the five core
Within the area of your choice, you will need to focus your Review. For example, New
Technology impact on SCM could have a focus on use of automation in warehousing OR a
focus on use of IT systems in transport logistics. Business Intelligence and SCM could focus
on a new technology such as Block Chain. Do not attempt to cover several areas, choose
your focus first.
Students who wish to choose another technology related area and develop a topic from this
are welcome to BUT they must get approval from the module leader to ensure the topic
relates to the learning outcomes.
It is recommended that when writing on use of technology in Supply Chain, references
should be no more than five years old. Where older, you need to show that the source you
have cited remains current, for example by showing newer sources are using the older work.
See below page 7 for detailed guidance to conduct a critical review.
The length of paper should be between 1500 and 2000 words, exceeding this limit will be
penalised, see below, it will be difficult to achieve good marks if below this limit.
An overview of the topic chosen and the articles chosen, justification, relevance,
Presentation of Findings
These should be presented as a TABLE showing sources used, Summary of the findings,
Methodology (if applicable), Strengths of the Source, Weakness of the Source and a column
stating overall relevance of the source.
Gaps in research,
Strengths of the papers,
Weaknesses of the papers,
Value of arguments/findings,
Where should future research focus?
• Full bibliographic details for each of the core articles
• Referencing [this is separate to the bibliographic details of the core articles]
• Structure and Presentation – including use of UK English
• Word Count omission/over limit
The length of paper should be between 1500 and 2000 words.
No statement of word
Deduct 2 marks (an estimate of the word length will be
made and if it is over the limit further deductions will be
made as below)
1-100 excess words
Deduct 1 mark
101 or more excess words Deduct 1 mark per 50 words started after the first excess
Deduct 5 marks and other penalties as above appropriate to
statement of word length
the estimated word length.
Format Style layout
The assignment should be presented as a paper of between 1500 and 2000 words in length,
excluding appendices and reference list. It should be of a professional academic journal
standard and have the following elements:
• Front Title Page: with Paper Title, Task, Full Name, Student Number, and Word Count.
• Core Literature Review: see also earlier instructions for content and layout;
Reference List: giving details of any sources, in Harvard format, you have used in your
research (do not separate the types of sources, and include full details for ALL
Appendices: as required - containing any relevant supplementary material supporting
your paper. Note: Appendices do not attract marks and are rarely used in academic
Format to be used:
• The paper should be presented in Ariel or Calibri font, 12 point.
• Footnotes should be avoided they are not suitable for referencing.
A digital copy of this assessment must be submitted, detailed instructions of how to perform
this task will be given on BB and in class.
What is a Critical Literature Review
The literature review should not merely state what has been published but a critique should
be carried out. Controversies or disagreements among academics should be spotted and
the student should endeavour to take a stand that is logically argued out. Gaps in
knowledge, ideas not fully tested and areas for further research can also be spotted from
study of existing literature. Used in this way, academic underpinning from literature review
can provide question, a research hypothesis or problem to be investigated. Academic
underpinning can at so enlighten your investigation, support your methods (including
measuring instruments) and provide criteria for evaluating your findings.
Reviewing the Literature
The literature review is very important as a means of establishing what is already known
about the topic you are researching, what gaps there are, and what sorts of theoretical
frameworks and concepts are currently being used by researchers in the area. Your search
and review of the literature should also enable you to refine, and maybe reformulate, the
questions that you posed at the outset, and perhaps to identify new ones that can be
incorporated. While it is important not to be overawed by the literature, it is also essential to
ensure, as far as possible, what is already known.
The process of searching the relevant literature is a means to an end. That end is more than
a comprehensive and extensive listing of already published theoretical work and research
that is pertinent to your topic or research methodology. These sources need to be related to
one another and analysed and evaluated in a critical way (note that' critical' does not imply
only negativity but rather an evaluation of both strengths and limitations). On any issue of
significance views being expressed you will find contrasting seemingly, conflicting evidence
being cited and different theoretical perspectives being called in to play. Invariably, it is just
these existing contrasts, conflicts and differences which prompt the questions which
researchers seek to answer.
One key feature of a critical literature review is to attempt to impose an order on these
differences to identify the main protagonist and how they relate to one another and to show
which research evidence contributes to which arguments, and why. A further important part
of the review process is the scrutiny of the research methodology employed and the form of
analysis of the data collected. Do different positions on an issue derive from the nature of
the evidence on which they are based and the ways in which that evidence was gathered?
Are the conclusions justified on the basis of the evidence available?
• Bring all of the elements of the answer together into a coherent and critical whole;
• Show clear evidence of insight into the topic, to support and act as justification;
• Considered and supported for further research opportunities.
• Active and critical analysis
Justified and innovative examples projecting the research into the future
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