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during the sixteenth century expansion by the European powers was the key factors.his led to European countries going even to as far as Africa and America.this period was referred to as the age of expansion and discovery.but the main factors were high population growth rates in their countries,overseas discovery and price inflation.
countries that had many colonies overseas was regarded to be very superior.there was also the expansion of the Christendom through crusades.the most known explorers were the likes of Vasco da Gama and prince henry the navigator.during that time people still practiced slave trade.the slaves were used to work in the plantations and to carry out other hard labour.there was also the need to create a market for the goods and commodities that they produced back at home.other lands especially Africa highly attracted the European nations due to the availability of high-value raw materials for the industries in Europe.
these are some of the major things that made european countries look for colonies.they scrumbbled for them and lateer signed trities and decided to partition them.Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.
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