SSTH 037 Unit 1 American Government Theories Policies Politics Evaluation

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(SSTH 037 059) This evaluation will cover the lessons in this unit. It is open book, meaning you can use your textbook, syllabus, and other course materials. You will need to understand, analyze, and apply the information you have learned in order to answer the questions correctly. To submit the evaluation, follow the directions provided. Multiple-Choice Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question.

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Unit 1 Evaluation Evaluation 1 American Government 1: Theories, Policies and Politics (SSTH 037 059) This evaluation will cover the lessons in this unit. It is open book, meaning you can use your textbook, syllabus, and other course materials. You will need to understand, analyze, and apply the information you have learned in order to answer the questions correctly. To submit the evaluation, follow the directions provided. Multiple-Choice Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question. _____ 1. The institution though which society makes and enforces public policies is a. b. c. d. _____ the government. the Constitution. democracy. the executive branch. 2. A __________ can be defined as a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce laws without the consent of a higher authority. a. b. c. d. _____ 3. The power to make laws and public policies is the a. b. c. d. _____ Senate House of Representatives state government 4. The power to execute, enforce, and administer laws is the a. b. c. d. Unit 1 Evaluation legislative power. executive power. judicial power. constitutional power. constitutional power. executive power. judicial power. legislative power. SSTH 037 _____ 5. The power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and settle disputes that arise within society is the a. b. c. d. _____ executive power. legislative power. constitutional power. judicial power. 6. ____________ is the process by which a society decides how power and resources will be distributed. a. b. c. d. _____ 7. To provide justice, said __________, is the “most sacred of the duties of government.” a. b. c. d. _____ Martin Luther King, Jr. George Washington Thomas Jefferson Theodore Roosevelt 8. A __________ is ruled by a single person or a small group of people. a. b. c. d. _____ Government Voting Politics Power democracy unitary government local government dictatorship 9. Which of the following is a purpose of the United States Government? a. b. c. d. providing equal distribution of wealth making and enforcing all policies promoting the general welfare suppressing political parties _____ 10. __________defined democracy as a “government of the people, by the people, and for the people”? a. b. c. d. Unit 1 Evaluation George Washington Thomas Jefferson Abraham Lincoln Alexander Hamilton SSTH 037 _____ 11. A government in which a single person holds unlimited political power is called a(n) a. b. c. d. democracy. autocracy. anarchy. republic. _____ 12. A(n) __________ government is one in which powers are divided among a central government and regional governments. a. b. c. d. confederation unitary parliamentary federal _____ 13. A(n) __________ is an alliance of independent states. a. b. c. d. confederation oligarchy autocracy federal government _____ 14. In a(n) __________ government, a central government creates local units for its convenience. a. b. c. d. confederation unitary presidential federal _____ 15. In a(n) __________ government, the executive is made up of the prime minister, or premier, and that official’s cabinet. a. b. c. d. confederation unitary parliamentary federal _____ 16. The democratic concept of equality refers to a. b. c. d. Unit 1 Evaluation equality of opportunity and equality before the law. equality of condition. equal representation of regional areas in Congress. equal powers among each branch of government. SSTH 037 _____ 17. The free enterprise system is often called __________, and it is also known as the private enterprise system. a. b. c. d. communism capitalism federalism parliamentarianism _____ 18. Why can the idea of simple majority rule become dangerous? a. b. c. d. tyranny of the majority increased government spending fewer people paying taxes loss of representation for local governments _____ 19. The process of blending and adjusting competing views and interests is a. b. c. d. free enterprise. arbitrary. canton. compromise. _____ 20. When referring to the responsibility of individual freedom, who said, “The rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened”? a. b. c. d. Oliver Wendell Holmes John F. Kennedy Abraham Lincoln Theodore Roosevelt _____ 21. Voting, volunteering, participating in civic life, and understanding the workings of government are all a. b. c. d. rights of citizens. duties of citizens. responsibilities of citizens. freedoms of citizens. _____ 22. Government’s role in the free market economy serves a two-fold purpose: a. b. c. d. Unit 1 Evaluation to protect the public and preserve private enterprise. to protect businesses and raise taxes. to create a taxation system and have zoning ordinances. to decide on what should be produced and how it should be produced. SSTH 037 _____ 23. The __________ was the first document to establish that government is not above the law. a. b. c. d. Constitution Bill of Rights Magna Carta Declaration of Independence _____ 24. The __________ included such guarantees as the right to a fair trial, freedom from excessive bail and from cruel and unusual punishment, and the right of the subjects to petition the king. a. b. c. d. Magna Carta English Bill of Rights Petition of Rights Proprietary Charter _____ 25. A __________ is a written grant of authority from the king. a. b. c. d. charter venture levy unicameral _____ 26. William Penn acquired Pennsylvania and Delaware as __________ colonies. a. b. c. d. royal charter venture proprietary _____ 27. In 1643, a number of colonies formed the New England __________, a “league of friendship” for defense against Native American tribes. a. b. c. d. free enterprise confederation charter unicameral _____ 28. The Albany Plan of Union ignored which of the following issues? a. b. c. d. Unit 1 Evaluation regulating trade establishing voter rights approving and collecting taxes raising military forces SSTH 037 _____ 29. __________ is the idea that a government can only exist if it has the consent of those it governs. a. b. c. d. Autocracy Popular sovereignty Oligarchy Federalism _____ 30. According to the social contract theory, governments derive their powers from a. b. c. d. the free market. local governments. the people. written law codes. _____ 31. The main author of the Declaration of Independence was a. b. c. d. John Adams. George Washington. Thomas Jefferson. Benjamin Franklin. _____ 32. The __________ established “a firm league of friendship” among the American states. a. b. c. d. Articles of Confederation Bill of Rights Preamble to the Constitution First Continental Congress _____ 33. Under the Articles of Confederation, the United States Government could a. b. c. d. require payment of taxes. raise an army by drafting eligible citizens. pass laws to end discrimination within the states. make treaties. _____ 34. The Virginia Plan called for a. b. c. d. a single branch of government. a Congress, a National Executive, and a National Judiciary. legislative, executive, and unicameral branches of government. a federal executive of more than one person. _____ 35. Under the __________, it was agreed that Congress should be composed of two houses. a. b. c. d. Unit 1 Evaluation New Jersey Plan Connecticut Compromise Albany Plan Three-fifths Compromise SSTH 037 _____ 36. The __________ were the delegates to the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 that created the Constitution. a. b. c. d. Framers Members of Parliament Senators Members of Congress _____ 37. Which political philosopher stressed the need of government to protect society from the “war of every man against every man”? a. b. c. d. Thomas Hobbes Thomas Paine John Locke Thomas Jefferson _____ 38. The __________ were well-known Revolutionary War figures who opposed the Constitution. a. b. c. d. Federalists Framers Anti-Federalists Sons of Liberty _____ 39. The __________ believed that the Constitution should be ratified because of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. a. b. c. d. Federalists Framers Anti-Federalists Barons of Runnymede _____ 40. Under the Articles of Confederation, the “president” a. b. c. d. was an executive. preformed a judicial function. acted as prime minister. presided over Congress. _____ 41. During the 1780s, there were many problems, including bickering amongst the states, states printing their own money, public debts not being repaid, etc. This time period is referred to as the __________ in American History. a. b. c. d. Unit 1 Evaluation Ratification Era Critical Period Albany Plan Revolutionary War SSTH 037 _____ 42. The King of England who began to deal with the American colonies more firmly in the 1760s was a. b. c. d. George III. John I. William of Orange. James II. _____ 43. The Declaration of Independence was signed by the __________ on July 4, 1776. a. Framers b. Albany Convention c. 1st Continental Congress d. 2nd Continental Congress _____ 44. Common features of all of the state constitutions that were drafted in the 1770s included a. b. c. d. popular sovereignty. free enterprise system. unicameral legislatures. strong executive branches. _____ 45. The Declaration of Independence stated that there are certain __________ rights, and among them are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. a. b. c. d. tyrannical representative arbitrary unalienable _____ 46. One of the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation was a. b. c. d. only one vote for each state regardless of size. approval of all thirteen states was required to pass laws. no legislative branch. no form of ratification. _____ 47. These two delegates to the Annapolis Convention in 1786 persuaded the representatives to call for another meeting of the states in 1787. a. b. c. d. Unit 1 Evaluation George Washington and Thomas Jefferson James Madison and Alexander Hamilton Benjamin Franklin and Samuel Adams John Adams and Thomas Jefferson SSTH 037 _____ 48. The meeting that was held in Philadelphia in 1787 became known as a. b. c. d. the Constitutional Convention. the Second Continental Congress. the Mount Vernon Virginal Assembly. the Joint Assembly. _____ 49. The Three-Fifths Compromise was in regard to a. b. c. d. counting states for representation in the Senate. counting slaves for representation and taxation. the agreement to allow the slave trade to continue for twenty years. the agreement to have a single executive selected by Congress. _____ 50. George Washington was selected to be the first President of the United States with a(n) __________ vote. a. b. c. d. inaugural quorum unanimous amended Carefully check your answers on this evaluation and make any corrections you feel are necessary. When you are satisfied that you have answered the questions to the best of your ability, transfer your answers to an answer sheet. Please refer to the information sheet that came with your course materials. Unit 1 Evaluation SSTH 037 ...
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Tutor Answer

shellyt
School: Rice University

Attached.

Unit 1 Evaluation
Evaluation 1
American Government 1: Theories, Policies and
Politics (SSTH 037 059)
This evaluation will cover the lessons in this unit. It is open book, meaning you can use your
textbook, syllabus, and other course materials. You will need to understand, analyze, and apply the
information you have learned in order to answer the questions correctly. To submit the evaluation,
follow the directions provided.

Multiple-Choice
Select the response that best completes the statement or answers the question.
_____

1. The institution though which society makes and enforces public policies is
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____

the government.
the Constitution.
democracy.
the executive branch.

2. A __________ can be defined as a body of people, living in a defined ter ritory,
organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce laws without the consent of
a higher authority.
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____

3. The power to make laws and public policies is the
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____

Senate
House of Representatives
state
government

4.

The power to execute, enf orce, and administer laws is the

a.
b.
c.
d.

Unit 1 Evaluation

legislative power.
executive power.
judicial power.
constitutional power.

constitutional power.
executive power.
judicial power.
legislative power.

SSTH 037

_____

5. The power to interpret laws, determine their meaning, and settle disputes that arise
within society is the
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____

executive power.
legislative power.
constitutional power.
judicial power.

6. ____________ is the process by which a society decides how power and re sources
will be distributed.
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____

To provide justice, said __________, is the “most sacred of the duties of government.”

7.

a.
b.
c.
d.
_____

Martin Luther King, Jr.
George Washington
Thomas Jefferson
Theodore Roosevelt

8. A __________ is ruled by a single person or a small group of people.
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____

Government
Voting
Politics
Power

democracy
unitary government
local government
dictatorship

9. Which of the following is a purpose of the United States Government?
a.
b.
c.
d.

_____ 10.

providing equal distribution of wealth
making and enforcing all policies
promoting the general welfare
suppressing...

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