Hinduism as a religion: Maintaining The Social Order of Caste System

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Topic:"Hinduism, as a religion, is most concerned with maintaining the social order of the caste system. "

600 words required

use the defend and refute way which will be in the following files.

Hinduism as a religion: Maintaining The Social Order of Caste System
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A How-to Guide: Writing “Defend or Refute the Following Statement” essays Introduction: This class has two exams, and both exams require you to write one essay. The essay will be prompted with the direction: “Defend or refute the following statement.” And then, a statement will appear, such as: “The Black Death, the plague that wiped out as much as a third of Europe in the fourteenth century, was an absolute disaster, with no positive impact.” The statement will never be clear-cut, such as “The United States became independent in the year 1776.” That is simply a fact, and as such requires no further discussion. The statement I give you will be complex. The statement will always have two sides to it. To write a good and nuanced essay, you must address both sides of the issue. Organizing your thoughts: Your first step in writing a good essay is not, as you have often been told, writing a good thesis statement. If you are planning your essay (as you should do!) you must organize it and plot it out before you even think of writing a thesis statement. A thesis statement should reflect your thoughts and opinions; you should not write a thesis statement first, and then attempt to graft the facts onto it. The facts come first. Figure out what’s being asked: In this case, you’ve been given a question about the Black Death, and you are being asked to write an essay that expresses an opinion on whether or not it was an absolute disaster. First, read the prompt very carefully. The key words here are “absolute disaster, with no positive impact.” That is your clue. You know that you will never be asked a simple question, so (being the incisive scholar you are) you recognize that there must have been some good effects to go along with the bad effects. This gives you a sense of how you should construct your essay. Determine your categories (or “buckets”): The first step in organizing the facts is coming up with categories. These categories, when you compose your essay, will become your paragraphs. You’re being asked about whether the effects of the Black Death were “all bad,” so, in this case, you come up with two categories: “Good effects of the Black Death” and “Bad effects of the Black Death.” On a paper, draw two buckets (one for each category). Now, you are going to fit some facts into them. Add a third “bucket” to your chart, and label this one “Trash.” This will be used for facts or ideas that may be true, but don’t belong in your essay. Organize your facts into the buckets: On a separate piece of paper, write down all the facts you can think of regarding the Black Death. Many of these may be facts about the Black Death itself; its biological properties; the manner in which it spreads; the nature of the suffering it induces; the death count; its origins in Asia, and so on. Since the Black Death (aka, the Bubonic Plague) is a really terrible affliction, odds are that most of these facts are going to end up in the “Bad effects of the Black Death” bucket. “Bad effects of the Black Death” Bubonic Plague Origins Death Count Suffering Spread But what about the “Good effects” bucket? For, as you know, the question will not be one-sided. So you do some research. You think back to the lectures, the book chapters, and independent research you do (be it on the internet or, better yet, at a library) and you come to realize that the Black Death, while terrible, actually may have had a positive impact in Europe. You gather your facts, and prepare the “Good effects” bucket: “Good effects of the Black Death” Lower population led to higher wages for workers Higher wages for workers made machines cost-effective Rise in automation led to Industrial Revolution in Europe Industrial Revolution in Europe made European powers the strongest on earth Bubonic plague was not limited to Europe Are there any facts that don’t belong in the essay? There are. So, move some of those to the “Trash” basket. “Trash” Origins (What does it matter where it started?) Bubonic plague was not limited to Europe (This is not really an “impact,” is it?) Writing the essay: Getting to a thesis statement: Don’t look now, but you’ve successfully organized your essay into two main body paragraphs: “Bad effects of the Black Death,” and “Good effects of the Black Death.” Now, you must come up with a thesis statement that reflects your thoughts on the matter. So, re-read the prompt. “The Black Death, the plague that wiped out as much as a third of Europe in the fourteenth century, was an absolute disaster, with no positive impact.” Now, having done all this work, you know that the statement is inaccurate. But you still must respond to it in a way that demonstrates your understanding of the material and its nuances. Let’s start with a very basic thesis statement, one that sets your opinion out there: “While the Black Death was really terrible, there were also some good impacts.” This is not a bad place to start, but as a thesis statement, it has a major weakness. That is, it does not really tell the reader anything about what you are going to say. Your thesis statement should be able to stand on its own—it should say everything your entire essay is going to say, and the essay should only offer evidence in support of the thesis statement. In this case, you already know some of the positive and negative effects, so why not put them into the thesis statement itself? For example: “While the Black Death caused massive suffering and death in Europe, it was not all bad.” That last sentence? A strong start, and a weak finish. If you can offer specific emphasis on both sides of the issue, then your essay will basically write itself. How about the following: “While the Black Death caused massive suffering and death in Europe, the decreased population, and consequent higher wages and incentive for automation, may have paved the way for the Industrial Revolution.” Now we’re talking. Now the reader (in this case, your Professor) knows exactly what you are going to say. All that is left is for you to say it. Writing the introduction : Start with a background statement. This will set the stage. In this case, something to the effect of, “The Black Death, or Bubonic Plague, wiped out about a third of Europe in the fourteenth century.” Don’t waste time trying to put the topic into a grand historical context. Phrases that often appear on college essays, but should never appear, include: “Throughout history…” “Historically,…” “Since the beginning of time…” “Since the dawn of civilization…” You don’t need to write anything so grand as all that. Just get right to the point. Once you have written your introductory sentence (or perhaps two), put your thesis statement in. Once your thesis statement is established, get right to… Body Paragraph #1: You have a set of facts. In this case, you’re talking about bad effects of the Black Death. So, start with a simple topic sentence that reflects the category you’ve given to the bucket. For example: “The Black Death had a catastrophic impact on Europe.” And then you write down your facts. Note how all the facts you have support that topic sentence; and the topic sentence serves to prove your thesis statement. Death count; suffering; spread, etc., all demonstrate the catastrophic impact. Body Paragraph #2: You are showing how nuanced your understanding of the issue is, so start your second paragraph with a topic sentence that contradicts or elaborates on Body Paragraph #1. For example: “However, as terrible and infectious a disease as it is, there is evidence to suggest that the overall impact of the Black Death on Europe was a positive one.” You then go on to show how it might have contributed to the Industrial Revolution by bringing in the facts you sorted into your “Good effects” bucket. Writing the Conclusion : Your conclusion need not be elaborate. In this case, however, I would go back to the original prompt, and emphasize the ambiguity of your answer. The initial statement is neither absolutely true nor absolutely false, and your essay explains why. Final Thought: Every essay you will ever write, no matter what the prompt, can be reduced to a “defend or refute the following statement” format. Sometimes, you have to come up with the statement to defend or refute; but you are always arguing a position when you write an essay. The very best essays are the ones that argue a clear position by demonstrating not only why that position is correct, but why alternative perspectives are incorrect. Name _______________________ 3HULRGBBB Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ Directions The task below is based on documents 1 through 6. This task is designed to test your ability to work with the information provided by various types of documents. Look at each document and answer the question or questions after each document. Use your answers to the questions to help you write your essay. Background The Ancient cultures of Egypt and Mesopotamia helped to develop civilization today. Ancient Egyptians developed a civilization in northeastern Africa in the Nile River valley. Ancient Egypt was an advanced civilization in many areas, including religion, architecture, transportation, and trade. Ancient Mesopotamia was one of the first civilizations that developed a form of government as well as organized people into political states. Task For Part A, read each document carefully and answer the question or questions after each document. Then read the directions for Part B and write your essay. For Part B, use your answers from Part A, information from the documents, and your knowledge of social studies to write a well-organized essay. ,QFOXGHLQIRUPDWLRQWKDW LVQRWLQWKHGRFXPHQWV RXWVLGHLQIRUPDWLRQ  How did the ancient cultures of Mesopotamia and Egypt develop into successful civilizations? Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ 1 Document 1 Egyptian civilization began close to the Nile River because the Nile provided a fertile area in the middle of a desert. The people depended on the Nile for food and water. Heavy rains caused the Nile to overflow regularly, which made the soil fertile and good for farming. The ancient Egyptians sang this song about the benefits of the Nile: “When the [Nile] arises earth rejoices and all men are glad…. That givest drink to the desert places which are far from water.” 1. According to the song, what were two effects of the Nile’s rising waters? Tell them in your own words. __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why was the Nile so important to the Egyptians? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ 2 Document 2 The Rivers were a vital part of the development of a civilization. They provided many resources which included food, transportation, as well as plants. Since the rivers were in the middle of deserts and was surrounded by rough terrain, the development of city-states was inevitable. Mesopotamia developed along the rivers named the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. 1. The Tigris and Euphrates Rivers were so important to the survival of people. Why were they so important for the development of a civilization? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ 2. Based upon the map, what is surrounding the Fertile Crescent in the south and in the East? __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ 3 Document 3 Ancient Egyptians referred to their king as a pharaoh. What follows is a description of the role of a pharaoh, found on a tomb: “[A pharaoh] is a god by whose dealings one lives, the father and mother of all... without an equal.” 1. Based on the quotation, what did ancient Egyptians believe made the pharaoh such a special person? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2. What type of power did the pharaoh possess in Egypt? Define the term. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ 4 DOCUMENT #4 In the Code of Hammurabi, the laws concerned daily life, business, medicine, property, and family. Punishment for breaking these laws was very harsh. For example, people caught stealing could be put to death. Those who did not show care and respect for the property of others had to pay a fine. Hammurabi stated his goal for the law code in this way: “...to render [give] good to the people, to make justice shine in the land, to destroy the evil and wicked, that the strong do not oppress [mistreat] the weak.” 1. Name three things Hammurabi wanted to accomplish with this set of laws. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2. How were people punished for stealing in Hammurabi’s time? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ 5 Document 5 Ancient Egyptian pharaohs, or god-kings, had workers build huge pyramids to serve as tombs. Egyptians believed that their kings could take their possessions with them after death. As a result, pharaohs were buried with their possessions. Below is a diagram of a pyramid. 1. Where was the king’s (pharaoh’s) chamber located? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2. Why do you think a temple was included? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ 6 Document 6 Sumerians and Akkadians practiced polytheism, the worship of many gods. They believed that keeping the gods happy was the key to their own happiness and prosperity. On the other hand, if the gods were angry, they might bring suffering and disaster. Sumerians built huge temples called ziggurats. They believed these temples linked Earth with the heavens and linked people with the gods. 1. Look at the illustration. Notice the number of stairs. What does the size of the temple tell you about the value the Sumerians placed on their gods? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2. From the passage, what did the Sumerians and Akkadians look to their gods for? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ 7 Putting It All Together Directions Using the documents, your answers from Part A, and your knowledge of social studies, write a well-organized essay about the following: How did the ancient cultures of Mesopotamia and Egypt develop into successful civilizations? In your essay remember to: ˆ Include information about beliefs, way of life, and leadership. ˆ Describe the role of a pharaoh as well as priests of Mesopotamia. ˆ Include an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. ˆ Include details, examples, or reasons to develop your ideas. ˆ Use information from 5 documents in your answer. Helpful Hints ˆ Edit your work ˆ Use the documents to feed the essay; however do not forget outside information!! Mesopotamia and Egypt DBQ 8 ...
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Tutor Answer

Kishnewt2017
School: Duke University

Attached.

Running head: HISTORY ESSAY

1

History Essay
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation
Date

HISTORY ESSAY

2

“Hinduism, as a religion, is most concerned with maintaining the social order of the caste
system”
Introduction
Hinduism is a religion that is respected and one of the largest in the world; especially
practiced by a majority of Indians in the Indian subcontinent. Many believe that the religion is a
perpetrator and the basis of the discriminative caste system that establishes different castes where
individuals belong and have no chance of getting into the upper cases or classes (Kadel, 2014).
Therefore, it is a religion that is more focused on ensuring that the social order of the caste
system is not dismantled; a system associated with outright discrimination. Imperatively, the
essay discusses how the religion maintains this discriminative social order.
Hindu...

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Anonymous
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