Aviation Research paper (15 pages at least)

timer Asked: Mar 29th, 2019
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Question Description

-This is a research paper on a specific topic: How to make U.S. Airport Security more secure and efficient.

-Needs at least 20 references and at least 15 pages long. talk about the problem and solutions

-Does not have to follow the outline exactly but has to be close to the outline. and has to talk about the three airports (SFO,OAK AND SJC)

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Topic: How to make U.S. Airport Security more secure and efficient Since the attacks of 9/11, many countries have strengthened their aviation security systems by either establishing new dedicated security organizations or changing some aspects of their existing security organization structures. In our research paper, our group is going to compare the TSA system along the 3 major Bay area Airports and analyze its TSA’s effectiveness and compare to other airport security around the globe such as Singapore and Korea. Outline 1. Data and Analysis of the 3 major airports - Budget and current employees in OAK, SJC, and SFO - Comparison on the effectiveness of the TSA - Which airport is the most efficient? 2. Responsibility structure for Airport security in different countries - Responsibility structure for Airport security in the USA - Before 911 - Post 911 structure of responsibility for airport security in Asian countries Japan airport (Computer Reservation System) Singapore (access control / contracted private security companies) Responsibility structure for security tasks in Korean Airports ICAO Standards and Civil Aviation Safety Administration (CASA) The government designated the Ministry of Construction and Transportation (MCOR) Post 911 Security Measures 3. Comparison between Bay Area airports to Airports around the world such as Singapore and Korea - Analyze the pros and cons 4. What is the TSA doing currently? (TSA Strategy 2019-2026 https://www.tsa.gov/sites/default/files/tsa_strategy.pdf) 5. Problem: How to make U.S. Airport Security more secure and efficient 6. Solutions: - Collecting more money from taxpayer in order to provide more training for the employees - Improve working pay wages and working conditions for the employees - Improve security perimeter plan - Implementing automated systems (CT, passport scanner etc) Pending research https://www.hsdl.org/?abstract&did=38372 This report addresses the strengths and weaknesses of the Transportation Security Administration's Surface Transportation Security Inspectors. It is based on interviews with employees and officials of relevant agencies and institutions, direct observations, and a review of applicable documents. The recommendations herein have been developed to the best knowledge available to our office, and have been discussed in draft with those responsible for implementation. We trust this report will result in more effective, efficient, and economical operations. [...]. Since 2005, TSA has increased its efforts to mitigate the vulnerability of mass transit and freight rail systems across the United States with the STSIP. [...]. TSA faces important challenges in improving the effectiveness of the Transportation Security Inspectors -Surface. As TSA expands its presence in non-aviation modes, it must look critically at how it is deploying resources. TSA must continue to assess how planned exercises can better use the inspectors and their activities. The program appears understaffed for the long term and an aviation-focused command structure has reduced the quality and morale of the workforce." Outline : https://www.tsa.gov/sites/default/files/tsa_strategy.pdf 1. Improve Security and Safeguard the Transportation System 1.1 Strengthen the effectiveness of TSA’s core capabilities in aviation security. 1.2 Improve intelligence-driven operations with increased information sharing. 1.3 Modernize transportation vetting. 1.4 Advance global transportation security standards. 1.5 Promote security partnerships across surface transportation systems. 2. Accelerate Action 2.1 Improve the speed to decision. 2.2 Reduce the time to field solutions. 2.3 Defne clear pathways to enable partnership and collaboration. 2.4 Align TSA’s organizational structure to manage risk and optimize resource allocation. 3. Commit to Our People 3.1 Recruit and hire a capable and diverse team of exceptional individuals. 3.2 Establish effective communication channels and promote responsiveness, inclusion, and collaboration. 3.3 Foster an environment of continual learning and growth that instills shared organizational values and advances technical, critical thinking, and leadership skills. 3.4 Retain, reward, and promote high performers, and defne career paths for advancement. 3.5 Develop and sustain the systems and infrastructure necessary to support our workforce. I found a good article : https://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-tsa-precheck-getting-around-20161204-column.html Study: Free PreCheck might save TSA money Researchers at the University of Illinois argue that the Transportation Safety Administration could save money — and cut down on longer lines — by providing high-volume travelers free access to its PreCheck program. For example, if 25 million passengers signed up for free PreCheck and averaged 12 security screenings a year, the TSA would save an estimated $34 million. Estimated money saved by the TSA if they implemented free PreCheck, by number of passengers enrolled Based on assumption that screening PreCheck passengers is 4 times less expensive than checking regular passengers Another One: Privatizing the TSA https://object.cato.org/sites/cato.org/files/pubs/pdf/pa742_web_1.pdf?forcedefault=true Treating TSA agents better might reduce airports' long lines https://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-tsa-turnover-20160815-snap-story.html Examining the President’s FY 2019 Budget Request for the Transportation Security Administration https://www.tsa.gov/news/testimony/2018/04/12/examining-presidents-fy-2019-budget-request-t ransportation-security ...
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Tutor Answer

School: UCLA



Aviation Security Research
Institutional Affiliation



External security threats are the most challenging when it comes to the wellbeing of a

nation as attackers have different ways of invasions that might leave the security forces helpless.
The borders are dangerous places including ports and airports as they allow the entrance of
people from all over the world with different intentions. Historically, all terrorist attacks have
been linked to outsiders who crossed the borders in possession of dangerous weapons and
explosives that are later used in bombing public locations. The kind of security checks conducted
at the entrance points of a nation determines the safety of the people as it will allow or prevent
serious invasions. Al-Qaeda attack, commonly known as 9/11, was the turning point for not the
only USA but other neighboring nations that felt the impact of the event. Loss of lives and
property that took place on 9/11 contributed to the development of new strategies that were
mainly focused on securing the entry points and especially the airports. The aviation industry has
implemented measures to improve the quality of protection services offered as a way of
controlling what gets in and out of a country.
The paper focuses on researching general facts about the aviation security history, major
threatening events and the strategies put in place to prevent such from happening again. Airports
require the highest level of safety as they deal with the entrance and exit of people or items that
one way or the other contribute to the way people relate to each other. The research highlights
three significant airports including SFO, OAK, and SJC as they have diverse methods of
management and security processes. All airports have worked hard to maintain high quality and
most secure services as a way of keeping up with the global aviation policies. The essay will then
focus on the strategies that different nations have implemented after 9/11 concerning their airport
security systems and how they have improved transportation and the overall safety of the regions



((Johnston & Plant, 2008). The US is the primary emphasis as the area experienced the attacks
that changed everything concerning checks at entry and exit points across the nation. The main
aim of the paper is therefore to discuss the security situation in the aviation industry as well as
the strategies that countries, especially the US, has adapted to maintain an efficient and secure
ground for their people.
Data and analysis of three major airports
In response to the 9/11 events in the US government formed an agency that would deal
with public traveling safety. The Transport Security Administration (TSA) was established under
Homeland Security to provide services specialized in air travel to reduce any risks of illegal
entries and invasions that previously took place due to unsupervised activities. The TSA is
responsible for the thorough screenings done at airports, mobile dog handlers to handle more
inspections, armed Federal Air Marshals on planes and explosives specialists (Tyler, 2017). All
these services are conducted by professionals who have received enough training on matters of
air security. The cases of carrying illegal items, weapons and explosives have reduced and at
some point, come to an end due to the seriousness in the TSA mission. Citizens are now aware of
things they should avoid while boarding a plane to avoid getting into compromising situations
with airport security. TSA has taken over the operations of all airports and airlines registered and
operating within or outside the US. The main agenda is to keep the travelers and the staff under
close supervision so that they can follow all the new set of laws that will help keep the nation
safe through monitored air transport. Some of the main airports that have fully implemented
TSA’s are SFO, OAK, and SJC all within the US boundaries whose effectiveness is seen through
the kind of security involvement and threats facing the travel agencies (Tyler, 2017).



Oakland International Airport (OAK) is in Oakland, California, serving passengers across
US cities, Mexico, Europe and cargo to the Asian regions of China and Japan. In 2018, statistics
show that around 13.6 million individuals used OAK to access different destinations and
numbers keep on increasing over time. Being a public airport, OAK serves the bay area and is
solely owned by the Port of Oakland while serving the southwest, FedEx, UPS, and Rolls Royce
Engine Services airlines. As of 2018, the airport employed a total number of 8,000 individuals in
different departments including the management, pilots, air traffic controllers, technicians on
board and the ground, cabin crew, customer care, and the causal laborers. The public parking of
the airport has a capacity of 6,951 vehicles that allows the clients and employees to comfortably
park with minimum or no risks to their property (OAK, 2019). In 2017, OAK was selected as an
innovative site for TSA which allowed the airport to implement new technologies in the
efficiency and safety of the passengers. The, therefore, underwent through infrastructural
development in the installation of security systems and funding that improved its effectiveness in
achieving the TSA objectives. These involvements targets are ensuring that the employees and
other stakeholders adopt the best strategies to keep the airport property, passengers and the
whole nation secure from unauthorized access (OAK, 2017).
San Francisco International Airport (SFO) is a public airport located in San Francisco,
California which serves major points in North America and other regions of Europe and Asia.
SFO is owned and policed sorely by the City of San Francisco and is considered the second
busiest and most significant in California. The airport employs approximately 30, 000
individuals both on board and ground jobs. Statistics as of 2018 show that 58 million travelers


used SFO to reach the different destination and the airport team tries its level best to produce

quality services. SFO provides continuous flights to 50 and above international cities while at the
same time covering 85 cities in the US using 12 domestic airlines that most consumers prefer
(SFO, 2018). The airport works in association with TSA to provide security especially with the
increasing number of travelers who access it to different destinations. SFO engages in an annual
emergency exercise meant to prove its effectiveness when it comes to preparing for emergency
cases. There are also improved technologies in screening, notification apps and trained
professionals who ensure that there is a reliable system to keep the place sec...

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Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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