Writing
Racism In American Society Argumentative English Essay Help

Question Description

Writing a Justice Paper

this assignment have five parts and each part have to be submitted separately

First: Topic I chose Racism In American Society and already have submitted it


Second: Justice Paper Annotated Bibliography

Third: Justice Paper Draft Introduction with Thesis Statement and Outline

Fourth: : Rough Draft Justice Paper

Fifth: Final Draft Justice Paper

Please see attached file and read the instruction for the assignment

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Justice Paper Weight: 30% Length: 5-7 pages, double-spaced in 12pt. Times New Roman. Due (post in Moodle): • 3/15 11:59pm: Justice Paper Topic – Here I just want you to have a sense of which ethical issue you are planning on writing about. You may write on the issues discussed in class, but others might be of more interest to you. • 3/29 11:59pm: Justice Paper Annotated Bibliography – Here you should list at least five sources that you may use in your paper. You do not have to have read them yet, but after each citation (formatted according to Chicago/Turabian bibliography style), provide three or four sentences about the reading and why it might be of use (reading the introduction and conclusion is probably good enough to determine if a source is worth pursuing). You may or may not end up using these, but you need to be in the habit of beginning research early and gathering sources prior to writing . o Note: You are required to five sources in the paper. You must use some combination of books, peer reviewed journal articles (easily found in the ATLA database: http://www.kings.edu/academics/library/Articles_and_Databases/A_Z_DB); books published from 2000 to the present; or the SEP – Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (you may use this for no more than one of your sources). No popular or internet sources (besides the SEP) may be used! The internet has virtually nothing to offer you and Google searches for information will lead to nowhere. • 4/5 11:59pm: Justice Paper Draft Introduction with Thesis Statement and Outline – You are to submit a draft of the introduction and an outline (bullet points are fine) of what you plan to argue in the paper. • 4/28, 11:59pm: Rough Draft Justice Paper – I will not necessarily read these beyond ensuring there is a draft of the paper that you will have the opportunity to revise until the final due date. • 5/1, 11:59pm: Final Draft Justice Paper – The rubric used to grade the final papers is listed as an appendix to the syllabus. • Goal: To allow students to explore an issue related to justice in relation to the current socio-political climate of the United States (or perhaps in a global context insofar as the student has interest/connection). It should showcase a student’s ability to explain information explored in class, analyze contemporary ethical questions and controversies, and construct possible moral responses to ethical dilemmas. It should demonstrate your mastery of the theoretical basis for ethics rooted in a feminist ethic of care or the virtue of justice, and demonstrate a coherent position on an ethical issue in light of your framework. • Description: Students will write a 5–7 page paper on a relevant ethical issue and what a just society would look like concerning their issue of interest. You should follow the three learning outcomes presented at the beginning of the syllabus to get a more robust sense of what is described below, under the rubrics of EXPLAIN, ANALYZE, CONSTRUCT, which will be used to guide the writing of your papers. • Procedure: In your opening paragraph name the concrete ethical question/problem/controversy that you’ve chosen, explain why you’ve chosen it (i.e., why is it important?), and note how you will develop your argument in your essay. You should include a thesis statement here that tells me precisely what you intend to argue and explore in your paper, or in other words, tell me what the point of your paper is in the introduction and what your conclusion will be. Use no more than one paragraph to do this. See the handout given on tips for writing for more on thesis statements. • Next, in one to two pages, EXPLAIN your framework for analysis—justice. This means defining and describing justice—what it entails, how it works, how it is achieved, and why it is crucial to human flourishing. We discussed justice in several ways in the first half of the course (e.g., virtue, care, theory of desire and well-being, face-to-face responsibility). You do not need to summarize all of these, but draw on something in the course that helped you understand the ideas and goals of justice. References to your course readings are welcome, but references beyond are ideal. By the end of this section, I want to be confident that you know what justice is and that you are able to explain it to others. To summarize, this section explains what justice is. • Third, in one to two pages ANALYZE the lack of justice in light of some concrete context in contemporary society. You will address an area where you believe there to be a lack of justice in a particular context and perhaps why you believe this situation exists and how this affects the life of individuals or the common good in a negative manner. To summarize, this section analyzes a lack of justice in some particular area of society, why it exists, and how it makes the world a worse place. • Fourth, in one to two pages CONSTRUCT a moral position, or practical vision for justice in relation to your topic. What would a just society look like re: the topic you have chosen? How should we go about implementing vision into the moral framework of society and/or you own life to allow justice to take root in the world. To summarize, this section constructs a vision of a just society and gives practical suggestions for implementing it in the world. Finally, in conclusion, use no more than one paragraph to summarize and conclude your essay. Evaluation: You will be evaluated based on: your meeting the deadlines, the presence of a clear thesis statement, grammar, style, clarity, your ability to summarize and evaluate the arguments and analysis of others (including your use of appropriate textual evidence), and the depth of your constructive analysis. ...
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Final Answer

Attached.

Running head: ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

Annotated Bibliography
Name
Institution

1

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

2
Annotated Bibliography

Burns, P., & Schapper, J. (2008). The ethical case for affirmative action. Journal of
Business Ethics, 83(3), 369-379
In this article on the ethical implications of adopting and implementing affirmative
action, the scholars examined the weaknesses in the arguments against the policies. Also, the
examination of the elements of the criticisms of affirmative action revealed that aside from the
strength of its ethical and philosophical underlying assumptions, the policy is critical to
eradicating systemic discrimination and disadvantages in society. It is these premises and
findings on the significance of affirmative action to end racism in the United States that informed
its inclusion in the list of references for the justice paper on the topic. Finally, its emphasis on the
philosophical and ethical justification of this solution against racial discrimination at the
individual and institutional levels also informed its inclusion in the sources.
Carbado, D. W., & Rock, P. (2016). What exposes African Americans to police violence.
Harv. CR-CLL Rev., 51, 159.
The need to examine the exposure of African-Americans to police violence in their
communities informed the conduct of the study that is d esigned to broaden the analytical frame
of all the issues responsible for extra-judicial killings of black people. Also, the need to increase
the understanding of the people on the connection between race and the use of excessive force by
the police influenced the methodologies that were used for the conduct of the quantitative
analysis. According to the scholars, their findings showed that some police officers are willing to
use excessive force to express their racial superiority regardless of the consequences provide
evidence to support the results in the literature. Therefore, this publication would not just

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

3

strengthen the argument on the role of racism on the perpetration of injustice in the country but
illustrate some of the dimensions of the problem that can be solved through affirmative actions.
Gilliam, W. S., Maupin, A. N., Reyes, C. R., Accavitti, M., & Shic, F. (2016). Do early
educators’ implicit biases regarding sex and race relate to behavior expectations
and recommendations of preschool expulsions and suspensions. Research Study
Brief. Yale University, Yale Child Study Center, New Haven, CT.
In this article, Gilliam and colleagues the implicit biases of preschool educators by
examining the disparities in preschool expulsion among black boys and their white counterparts.
According to scholars, the findings of their study showed that preschool teachers expect black
boys to display challenging behaviors more than white boys. Also, they noted that the level of
implicit biases varies according to the race of the preschool teacher. Consequently, the findings
and recommendations form this scientific study by the author would provide the evidence to
support the perspectives that are provided by other scholars in their respective articles, as well as
enhance the quality of the content of this article. .
Murakawa, N., & Beckett, K. (2010). The penology of racial innocence: The erasure of
racism in the study and practice of punishment. Law & Society Review, 44(3‐4), 695730
In this article, Murakawa and Beckett (2010) discussed the framework that is used for
assessing the role of race in the development and implementation of penal policies by criminal
justice institutions. The scholar further added that the need to ensure a balanced perspective of
the role of racism in some of the practices in the criminal justice system of the United States
informed the development of the conceptual tools and methods. Also, the examination of all the
issues showed that criminal justice and racial discrimination are operated in both systemic and

ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY
serpentine manners. Therefore, the inclusion of this article in the list of sources for the justice
paper would provide the evidence that can be used to support the perspectives of other scholars
on how on racism is used to promote injustices in America.
Velasquez, M., Andre, C., Meyer, M. J., & Shanks, T. (2018). Justice and Fairness, In A
Framework for Thinking Ethically, Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa
Clara University. Retrieved from http://www. scu.
edu/ethics/practicing/decision/framework. html.
The authors of this article discussed the concepts of justice and fairness in the context of
their role in the promotion of moral and ethical philosophies in any society. As the excerpt from
a book by the scholars, the article contains information on the principles of justice and how they
can be applied to the attainment of the goals of just and fair societies. Also, the article provided
details on the various elements of justice and how they can be applied to the maintenance of
social order and harmony. Consequently, the report is included in the list of sources because of
the conceptual framework that can be created from its description of the various aspects of
justice and how certain practices and institutions contribute to its absence in societies.

4


1
Racism in American Society
Introduction: Racial tensions in the United States today are very high despite the perceived
level of progress that the nation has made during the election of its first black president in 2008.
Unfortunately, the rate of decline in the people acceptance of racial diversity is unsurprising
because racial ideologies have been deep-rooted in the cultural history, political culture, and
social identities of the country. These premises are the reason why it is imperative to examine
not just the origins of race in the United States but do so in the context of how the soc...

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