The Justice System And Morality In Racial Profiling Discussions

timer Asked: Mar 29th, 2019
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Question Description

1.Define the code of silence and explain how it might play into a platonic cave example. (300 word count minimum not including the reference, must include in text reference, apa format)

2.Define racial profiling and provide an example. In your response, differentiate between criminal profiling and racial profiling. To what degree are these concepts ethical in your opinion? (400 word count minimum not including the reference, must include in text reference, apa format)

3. Name and define the four formulations of Kant’s categorical imperative. Give examples for each. (400 word count minimum not including the reference, must include in text reference, apa format)

4. Explain the concept of Mills’ consequential utilitarianism.(300 word count minimum not including the reference, must include in text reference, apa format)

5. Using the internet, identify a current event (last 3 years) where a criminal justice practitioner in policing committed an unethical act(s). Using this event, clearly identify the ethical dilemma or unethical action. Using this current event, apply components of utilitarianism. How would the unethical action be viewed under this paradigm? For example, would it be considered wrong? ; What would an appropriate action to the dilemma been?; How should the actor be sanctioned?, etc…(400 word count minimum not including the reference, must include in text reference, apa format)


Tutor Answer

School: Duke University



The Justice System and Morality
Institutional Affiliation



Question 1

Code of silence is a concept used when withholding information or keeping secrets either
voluntarily or involuntarily depending on the situation. Most of these cases are due to threats,
danger to oneself or loved ones as well as the fear of becoming a traitor in the context of an
organization. The code of silence is both a positive and negative philosophy that individuals
engage in to cover their tracks or those of their places of work and residence. As a benefit,
people may withhold details that help them maintain top-secret activities meant to make society a
better place by discovering the truth surrounding a situation (Conti & Nolan III, 2005). The
concept is also a disadvantage as many people end up dwelling on dishonesty due to the code of
silence as they must withhold some information. Individuals become victims of the system as
some of them are forced to avoid sharing the negative issue they are facing including physical
and sexual abuse.
The code of silence applies in the Platonic Cave example on ind ividuals who struggle to
understand the reality due to having a similar mentality for an extended period. Plato introduces
a contradicting situation of the police department where the concepts of truthfulness and
undercover missions. It is required of every officer of the law to be truthful to the oath by
reporting and informing each other of the situations at hand. On the same department, there is
also the need to maintain secrecy especially for cases involving undercover, whereby a police
officer can get into trouble for telling the truth about their mission. The example of individuals
living in a cage with the shadows of their captors being the only reality they known indicates that
people are imprisoned by the experiences they go through to think that a pure illusion is a truth
(Madfis, 2014).


Question 2
Racial profiling is the suspicion or target to an individual based his/her race, the
background of origin or ethnic group instead of focusing on personal behaviour. The concept
goes beyond just the race as the name suggests but also includes the religion or any other aspect
that makes people a minority in society. The society, therefore, uses these natural traits of origin
or belief to judge individuals in a negative way that discriminates them from the rest of the
community. In the US for example, there is a lot of discrimination directed to...

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