2200 words research paper about Salk Institute

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timer Asked: Mar 29th, 2019
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Question Description

The paper should be minimum 2200 words about Salk Institute. MLA format. Do not plagiarize!

In the attached files you will find the paper guidelines, a reference list and a document with some citations.

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Brazil 1 The Multi-Source Research Paper Purpose: Students will learn to • do library and online research • evaluate quality of sources • create an annotated bibliography • create a Works Cited page • write a developed research paper • apply skills gained throughout the term o writing a thesis o arguing a point o addressing and refuting a counter-argument o supporting main ideas with documented evidence by incorporating quoted passages, summaries, and paraphrases o documenting sources in MLA format through parenthetical citations o employing the writing process to complete the task Prompt: In the journal article “African Americans and Historic Preservation in San Diego,” we read that Karen Huff employed her writing skills to help the Gaslamp Black Historical Society save a historical building that was scheduled to be demolished. To write her report, she researched historical documents about San Diego’s African American history and the role the Claremont Hotel played in that history. After completing her research, Ms. Huff wrote a persuasive report, convincing her readers (the Historical Resources Board of San Diego) that the Claremont Hotel, located in downtown San Diego, must be preserved for its historical significance and the role it played in San Diego’s African-American community. Her writing was so persuasive that the Board chose to assign the building historic status and designate it as a historical landmark. For this assignment, students will write a similar report. They will choose a subject from the list below and imagine that it is scheduled to be demolished or removed from its setting because of lack of community support and/or funding. Then, like Karen Huff’s endeavor in saving the Claremont Hotel, students will research the building/work of art and argue why it is essential in the San Diego region and should not be torn down or removed. Explain why the work of art is important and/or how it reflects one or a combination of the following: • • • • The current and/or past concerns of San Diego The current and/or past concerns of a community in San Diego The artist’s life experiences, beliefs, or concerns The historical period in which it was created Brazil 2 Description: Employing skills learned throughout the semester, students will write a research paper incorporating summarized and directly quoted material from at least five (5) varied types of sources into an organized, well-documented six- to eight-page research paper with a focused thesis statement. In the paper, students will . . . • Describe the work of art in detail in the first body paragraph • Explain why and how it is important to San Diego or the greater art community • Argue that the work of art must be preserved, protected, and/or restored. Within the paper, students must also employ skills practiced throughout the semester to incorporate a counter-argument and refute it with convincing evidence. Students might consider beginning the paper with the counter-argument and developing body paragraphs as the refutation. In the conclusion, remind readers of your main point—that the work of art must be kept because it is important to San Diego—and persuade readers to take action in a “call to action” to protect it. When writing the paper, create a logical audience: a board of trustees whose job it is to decide which buildings and public works of art deserve to be protected and preserved and how much money will be spent to do so. Before submitting drafts for instructor’s evaluation, highlight the thesis, topic sentences, and statements of support (SOS). Topics from which to choose: • Acorn Basket by Kumeyaay Native American Indian • The Estudillo home in Old Town • The California Building in Balboa Park • The Alcazar Garden in Balboa Park • The Hands of Dr. Moore by Diego Rivera • Salk Institute by Louis Kahn • A particular mural at Chicano Park—your choice • Hotel Douglass (already torn down in the 1980s) • L’Ange Protecteur (Guardian Angel) of the Nanas of San Diego by Niki de Saint Phalle • #19 Baseball Player (Tony Gwynn) by Niki de Saint Phalle • Unconditional Surrender by Seward Johnson • Fallen Star by Do Ho Suh • Central Library by Rob Quigley • Comic-Con International—San Diego Brazil 3 Students are welcome to choose a different work of art with my approval. Eventually, you will enter the world of research and share your polished paper with the class via Canvas. Note that students may earn up to 150 points for their Preliminary Work Packet, which is a significant portion of the grade in the class. Be sure to complete and turn in all stages of the writing process to earn points for the Preliminary Work. In the past, students who have chosen not to complete the work have not passed the class. Proposed Plan of Attack. Each stage will be introduced and discussed in class. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Choose a work of art from the list above as the main subject of your essay. Do preliminary research by reading at least three general sources about the work of art, similar works by the artist, the artist’s life and body of work, and the time in which it was created. List the sources with URLs and brief summaries of the information. Based on your preliminary knowledge of the work of art, choose one or a combination of the following as your narrowed focus: o The current and/or past concerns of San Diego o The current and/or past concerns of a community in San Diego o The artist’s life experiences, beliefs, or concerns o The historical period in which it was created Research your chosen narrowed focus, and list the sources with URLs and brief summaries of the information. Visit the Library Research Guide on the library’s website, a librarian, the Writing Center, and/or your professor for help with research. Copy and paste valuable information (and its URL) into a Google document. As the material grows in the document, organize the information into sections with headings (e.g. Description, Author’s Life, Connections between Artwork and Author’s Life). Construct the thesis and topic sentences to correspond with the sections of information in a preliminary outline. Submit thesis and topic sentences for evaluation. Develop outline with quoted and summarized passages that correspond directly to and support the topic sentences. Re-arrange quotes and summaries for best effect. Type the first draft based on the developed outline. Revise and edit. Add signal phrases and parenthetical citations. Participate in peer evaluations for feedback about content and organization. Revise and edit. Conference with professor. Revise and edit, edit, edit, edit, edit, etc. Submit final draft to professor. Upload draft in “TurnItIn.” Post final draft in Canvas Discussion Board to share with your peers. Brazil 4 Required Elements: Be sure you have included the following: ___ Creative title ___ Hook that leads seamlessly into the background information ___ Background information, including brief description of the work of art ___ Strong thesis statement that reflects the content of the paper (highlighted) ___ Clear topic sentences in all body paragraphs (highlighted) ___ Body paragraphs that support the thesis ___ First body paragraph describes the work of art in detail ___ Clear statements of support (SOSs) to guide reader from point to point within body paragraphs ___ Signal phrases to introduce all new sources with author’s credibility and date ___ Varied methods of incorporating quoted passages ___ An average of three relevant quoted passages or documented summaries in each body paragraph ___ Explanations of the quoted or summarized passages, relating the information back to the TS or thesis ___ Transitional words and phrases that move readers from point to point within paragraphs ___ At least five researched, credible sources ___ Concluding sentences in the body paragraphs ___ Transitional words and phrases that move readers from paragraph to paragraph ___ A relevant, effective conclusion, reminding your readers of your thesis and leaving them thinking about the subject ___ Accurate and thorough MLA-style documentation in the paper and on the Works Cited page Highlight the thesis in one color, the topic sentences in a second color, and the general statements of support in a third color. Finally, run spell-check through your work (two misspelled words lower the grade to a “D.”) Brazil 5 More Information: Purpose: This assignment is designed to teach essential skills for writing research papers. By writing this paper, students will . . . • search for and determine the credibility of outside sources, • choose and narrow a topic, • write a clear thesis and support it with evidence • introduce an argument and counterargument • present researched material to support a thesis in a developed paper, • introduce sources with signal phrases, • incorporate quotes using a variety of methods, • provide documented information, • create an annotated bibliography and create a Works Cited page. In addition, students will continue to practice skills already learned in class, such as writing a clear thesis, using varied transitions, incorporating quotes, acknowledging and refuting opposing views, documenting sources using MLA format, and many others. Type of Essay: Write a thesis paper with a clear argument. You must focus your subject, develop an angle, and state that focus clearly in a concise thesis statement. Follow MLA format, and staple the Works Cited page (with page number on it) to the back of the essay. Length: The average length of the research papers should be at least six (6) pages, but please limit your essay to ten (10) pages. Sources: Include at least five (5) sources on your Works Cited page. Please include at least four of the seven types of sources: _____ _____ _____ _____ book magazine article scholarly journal newspaper article _____ interview _____ credible and scholarly website _____ video Include an average of three (3) cited quotes or summaries in each body paragraph of your essay. Brazil 6 Use a combination of correctly documented information that is quoted and summarized. Site all borrowed information unless it is considered common knowledge (information that you have found in more than three sources). When in doubt, site it. Introduce every new source with a signal phrase. Follow proper MLA format for quoting and citing sources. Suggestions for Writing Your Research Paper: Research: Do preliminary research to narrow down your topic. Avoid specialized information. Instead, skim books, chapters, articles, etc. to get an overview of your subject and identify possible slants, issues, or themes on your subject. Also, refer to the computerized or card catalogue, the reference section, and periodical indexes to see how others have divided your subject into categories, or subtopics. At this point, do not spend time taking notes; simply use this time to narrow down your subject. Writing Tips: Understand that your plans might change; feel free to deviate from your original outline if necessary. Include quoted and summarized material. (Hint: you might try including only quoted material first and summarizing some of the quotes after the essay is written. But do not forget that you are required to include a combination of quoted and summarized material.) Use the present tense when quoting or summarizing a source ("Gallup reports that . . ."-not "Gallup reported that . . .") Do not provide a list of quotes or summaries that are simply strung together. Instead, be sure to explain the context of the quote. And after citing the page number, provide your own analysis of your research, clearly showing your readers how the information helps support the topic sentence and thesis. DO NOT PLAGIARIZE. Whenever you use someone else's ideas, either quoted or summarized, you must give that person credit for his or her ideas. Remember that your primary concern is to provide evidence that supports your thesis. Brazil 7 Continue asking yourself "What is my main point, and am I supporting it?" Consider writing the thesis on a sticky note and posting it on the computer screen. Preparing Your Annotated Bibliography: Open your Google Doc with the listed sources and URLs. Copy and paste the URL into EasyBib and create documentation of the sources in MLA format. Arrange the sources in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names. After each source, provide a short, accurate summary (in complete sentences and paragraph format) of the information found in the source, and then explain whether or not the information will be useful for your essay. Preparing the Works Cited list: Return to the Annotated Bibliography. Keep only those sources you quote, summarize, or refer to in your paper. Delete all other sources. Delete summaries. Copy and paste Works Cited page to the end of the completed essay. Be sure every source listed is cited in the paper. Plagiarism: Academic writers must provide full documentation for all borrowed information. Plagiarism occurs when a writer borrows someone else's words, phrases, or ideas without proper identification. To avoid plagiarism, document the following: 1) word-for-word quotation 2) summary, or use of your words when sharing someone else's ideas 3) combination of a quotation and a summary Exception: It is unnecessary to document "common knowledge"--any information that Brazil 8 could be found in at least three sources. When in doubt, cite it anyway. Citing Sources: Use parenthetical citations including author's name and page number (Brazil 123). Exception: If the author's name has been provided before the borrowed material the name is unnecessary in the parentheses Do not simply drop quotes into your paragraphs; instead, introduce them. To do so, consider using a signal phrase. Suggested signal phrases include: As _____________ states, . . . The information compiled by ____________ shows . . . In ____________'s opinion, . . . _________________ contends that . . . According to ______________, . . . When summarizing, let your readers know where your ideas end and those of your sources begin. Consider using a signal phrase. Brazil 9 Incorporating Quotes with and without Signal Phrases The first time a source is referred to in an academic paper, writers must create a signal phrase. To do so, • • • • • state the author’s name establish the author’s credibility name the title of the author’s text identify the source (ex. newspaper) in which the author’s text was published use a verb to lead into the quoted passage title of author’s text and the source in which it was published QUOTE WITH A SIGNAL PHRASE: In her article “Warfare Is Only an Invention--Not a Biological Necessity,” first published in the journal Asia in 1940, Margaret Mead, an American cultural anthropologist, Columbia University graduate, author, and speaker, asserts, “there are peoples even today who have no warfare” (417). author’s name author’s credibility verb to introduce the quoted passage VERBS FOR INTRODUCING QUOTES Note the present tense. Be sure you know the meaning of the word before using it. acknowledges adds admits agrees argues asserts believes claims comments compares confirms contends declares denies disputes emphasizes endorses grants illustrates implies insists notes observes points out reasons refutes rejects reports responds suggests thinks writes QUOTE WITHOUT A COMPLETE SIGNAL PHRASE: Use this method only after you have already identified the author, author’s credibility, and his or her text earlier in your paper. Mead claims, “there are peoples even today who have no warfare” (417). Brazil 10 QUOTE WITH AUTHOR AND PAGE NUMBER IN THE CITATION: Use this method only after you have already identified the author, author’s credibility, and his or her text earlier in your paper. One of the major causes of abuse is the use of alcohol or drugs. In fact, “Alcohol is almost always involved in family violence. Up to 80% of all cases involve drinking, whether before, during or after the critical incident” (Somers 310). STATEMENT USING AN ELLIPSIS AND/OR BRACKETS: Margaret Mead claims in “Warfare Is Only an Invention--Not a Biological Necessity” that “they [the Eskimo] are not a mild and meek people; many of them are turbulent and troublesome . . . but there is no war” (417). Type an ellipsis, or three spaced periods, to indicate a word, phrase, or sentence has been deleted from the quoted passage. If you delete a full Place brackets around an added word or phrase to clarify the meaning of quoted material. In this case the words “the Eskimo” were added to clarify for readers who “they” are in the sentence. sentence or more, use a period before the ellipsis. INDENTED QUOTE OF FOUR (4) OR MORE LINES: In her speech “Claiming an Education,” Adrienne Rich claims, the most affirming thing anyone can do for you is demand that you push yourself further, show you the range of what you can do. It means rejecting attitudes of “take-it-easy,” “why-be-so-serious,” “why-worry you’ll-probably-get-marriedanyway.” It means assuming your share of the responsibility of what happens in the classroom. (83) When copying a passage longer than four typed lines, indent ten (10) spaces, do not use quotation marks, and place the punctuation before the page number. Brazil 11 Revising and Editing Checklist—Research Paper Directions: On a printed copy of your research paper, please do the following. Be sure you have included the following: ___ Creative title ___ Hook that leads seamlessly into the background information ___ Background information, including brief description of the work of art ___ First body paragraph describes the work of art in detail ___ Strong thesis statement that reflects the content of the paper (highlighted) ___ Clear topic sentences in all body paragraphs (highlighted) ___ Body paragraphs that support the thesis ___ Clear statements of support (SOSs) to guide reader from point to point within body paragraphs ___ Signal phrases to introduce all new sources with author’s credibility and date ___ Varied methods of incorporating quoted passages ___ An average of three relevant quoted passages or documented summaries in each body paragraph ___ Explanations of the quoted or summarized passages, relating the information back to the TS or thesis ___ Transitional words and phrases that move readers from point to point within paragraphs ___ At least five researched, credible sources ___ Concluding sentences in the body paragraphs ___ Transitional words and phrases that move readers from paragraph to paragraph ___ A relevant, effective conclusion, reminding your readers of your thesis and leaving them thinking about the subject ___ Accurate and thorough MLA-style documentation in the paper and on the Works Cited page Using the checklist above, make any necessary changes in the typed draft of your essay. Print a new copy and read your work carefully, highlighting any of the errors listed on the next page. Then hand-write the necessary corrections between the lines or in the margins. Fix the following: ___ Fragments (two points deducted for each error) ___ Run-ons (two points deducted for each error) ___ Slang and clichés ___ Capitalization errors ___ Repetition, especially at the beginning of sentences ___ Use of the word "you" unless addressing the reader directly ___ Use of absolutes like “always” and “never” ___ Use of vague or simple words like “nice,” “good,” “thing,” and “really” ___ Incorrect use of MLA format to document sources Turn over. Brazil 12 Focus on grammar, and be sure you have included . . . ___ Commas in lists of three or more items ___ Commas after introduc ...
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Tutor Answer

CleoVin
School: Carnegie Mellon University

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Last Name 1
Your Name
Instructor Name
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The Salk Institute

Thesis Statement:
Funding for the Salk Institute should continue to pay for the care and rehabilitation that one of
San Diego's most important monuments.

The Salk Institute is among the most acclaimed architectural structures of the second half
of the 20th century. Architecture should aid as an inspiration, serving to stir reactions, to awe,
and to incite expressive and emotional experiences and the institute's architecture brings forth
these elements. As stated by Stalk News, "Its timeless spirit and breathtaking form refer to our
distant past while looking forward to the future." Louis Kahn would undoubtedly have concurred
with this sentiment. Kahn (1901-1974) was an American architect the architect behind the
magnificence and monumental style of the Stalk structure and fashioned designs that are
overwhelming. (Bourgeois)Louis Khan's structural designs in architecture are associated to what
cats are to posters as pure architectural brilliance and vision. Kahn's design and structures are not
merely large in their entities, they are landscapes that wrapped up the observer within an
accurately synchronized setting. (History of Salk - Salk Institute for Biological Studies)As
designed by Louis Kahn the Research Institute is constituted of two completely identical, rather
lengthy structures, each consisting of six stories across an extensive court facing each other.
These structural attributes generate a strong symmetry acuity across the entire site and a scenic
connection between the landscape and architecture. Dr. Jonas Salk the founder of institute

Last Name 2
desired a building ''worthy of a visit by Picasso''. Upon his meeting with the architect, Louis
Kahn, Dr. Jonas Salk and was startled with the architect's inventiveness and concepts in the
manner the architectural structure represented a synthesis of science and art, hence the ideal
model for the conceptualized research institute. The architect had presented the precise outlook
Dr. Salk had yearned built into the research institute. (Jonas Salk "Biography.com")
As a scientific research institute, the building is meant to be a place of intellectual
stimulation and hence it was built in a very stirring location. The structure was hence positioned
upon the cliffs of La Jolla, which overlook the Pacific Ocean. Additionally, the installed wellplaced open courtyard captures the spectacular scene of the Pacific, with the observer's view
lured towards the direction by the streaming water. The extensive, uncluttered yard echoes the
massiveness of the sky, that then coalesces with the immensity of the Pacific links with the
architect's and Dr. Salk interests, the measurability of the structural instinctual scale against the
immeasurability of inspiration and intelligence. (Jonas Salk "Biography.com")
Additionally, to the building continu...

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Anonymous
Excellent job

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