W10 Chapter-Sport Social Stratification and Social Mobility Discussion

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I have attached the file below. please read the discussion lecture and complete the discussion question which is on the last page. The discussion question is based off SECOND HALF of Chapter 5. The post must be minimum of 2 paragraphs. The topic is about sports/cultures. Complete the post from a guys perspective.

I have also attached Chapter 5 reading.

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The second half of our chapter starts off with a discussion about social mobility and then moves on to 6 myths surrounding sports and social mobility. Typically, we like to think of America and Canada as societies that promote social mobility. We like to believe if you work hard and have the right talents you can move up in the socio-economic hierarchy. This is a belief that can be supported by anecdotal stories or embellished or misinformed stories. (I’ve heard amazing stories about Phil Knight that simply aren’t true and seem to ignore his background and how Nike actually started. ) Upward mobility is certainly possible, it is just not as common as some might believe. Sadly, upward mobility is more common in Denmark, Austria, Norway, Finland, Australia, and Spain. Moreover, our social mobility has declined for about 40 years. Note: We are supposed to be the wealthiest generation ever, but only after our parents die and we inherit their wealth (that is if they have any wealth in the first place and if they don’t spend it all on end of life health care https://bit.ly/2BUtFTd ). The American economy slowed in the 1970s and since then we have seen dramatic shifts in how our economy is run. The economy has generated enormous wealth since then, but labor has lost a great deal of power and inequality is ticking upwards as the rewards have been shifted to those at the top, see https://bit.ly/2z2W1dL or https://bit.ly/2aclki6 . (I strongly suggest reading the work of Loic Waquant https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KoumuRRwOqY and David Garland who have done amazing research on the intersection of economics, the state, and punishment. If you E-mail me I can send you some of their most famous work and we can discuss it over the phone or via E-mail.) Sport can play a role in social mobility, but sport doesn't guarantee social mobility. I think the most interesting aspect of social mobility and sport relates to high school athletes. As I’ve mentioned before one of my favorite books is Ain’t No Making It. It is an amazing investigation of two groups of very poor young men. One group was a group poor white boys and the other was a group of poor black boys. The poor white boys saw no future. They looked at their uncles, their fathers, their brothers, and their neighborhood and they saw an empty future. The group of poor black boys were athletes and had hope for the future. They thought if they tried they could get out of poverty, despite the fact that their fathers, uncles, and brothers were in the same position as the white boys’ relatives. Roughly ten years later the author went back and checked in on the two groups of young men. The white men were exactly where they expected to be, stuck in poverty. They had bad work or no work. They didn’t see a future and not surprisingly, no future materialized. This was unlike the black men where half of the group had done well (i.e. one had moved up to be a ticket agent at the airport) and the other half were still stuck in poverty. Hard work, ambition, talent, drive, and sports participation didn’t guarantee “success,” and some of the young men found themselves facing blocks due to their race and their location, but some made it up a rung in the social economic hierarchy. The author doesn’t focus on the sport participation as much as I would like, but my hypothesis is that the athletes entered school and were liked by their peers and teachers, they saw self-improvement in sport, they saw some success in sport, and were given a space to develop self-efficacy unlike the white boys who were rejected rejecters. However, this remains a hypothesis because I don't know if the black men had more motivation and social support prior to being involved in sport. While I would like to believe the sport participation played a role in their success, I can’t say for certain. This is an interest contrast to William Chambliss's work where he studied a group of wealthy white deviants and a group of poor Hispanic deviants. Both were uniquely deviant, but their deviance was relatively equal in its harm to society and others. Amazingly, the teachers gave the white deviants grades that they didn't earn, they gave the white kids the benefit of the doubt, and the white kids had cars so they would go cause problems in other neighborhoods rather than their own neighborhood. The Hispanic kids didn't get a pass from the teachers, they didn't speak to authority in the same was as the white kids, and since they didn't have cars they hung around the neighborhood causing problems. The author went back and checked up on them ten years later and found that many of the white kids had gone on to university and eventually gone on to be doctors and obtain other fancy positions. Deviance doesn't affect the trajectories of the wealthy the same as the poor. Amazingly, I found something very similar in my dissertation. My wealthy white skaters often had a much easier time exiting skateboarding and often assumed that they deserved prestigious positions in society (which lead them to pursuing these positions), while my workingclass skaters had no hopes of obtaining these positions and often exited into lower-level service jobs. This relates to what our authors’ discussion of high school athletes who are likely to have higher grades, a greater attitude towards social, and a greater interest in continuing their education than their non-athletic peers. Moreover, (male) athletes often obtain high status in high school, they are more likely to hold positive self-concepts, and they are less likely to drop out. We see athletes are often in a better position than many of their peers, but did sport cause this or is there something unique about this group of students? Also, are the coaches simply weeding out “problem” students? Our authors go on to discuss and summarize the six myths that surround sports and social mobility (free college; sports lead to college degree; pro careers are possible; way out of poverty for minorities; Title IX has created social mobility opportunities for women via sport; and pro careers result in security). QUESTION What I want you to do this week is summarize the myth that you think is the most important, interesting, or surprising. However, as you do this I would like you all to self regulate and avoid posting a myth that has been posted 50 times already. Please try to summarize a myth that hasn’t been summarized yet. Obviously, we will have some repeats, but if myth #3 has been summarized 6 times, please pick something else. REPLY BACK TO FOLLOWING POST The myth that I find the most important is that sport is a way out of poverty for minorities. I find this quite interesting and the most important of all 6 myths. This is because athletes and students alike go to college in hopes of landing a high paying job or a job with good prospects and chances to move up. The book talks about what seems and what is, which is something I liked. What seems is that there are a lot of African American pro players. What is; is the fact that 2 in 10,000 African Americans are pro athletes. Also, according to the book, minorities are also less likely to participate in sports such as auto racing, bowling, tennis, and golf. What is quite discouraging is that these athletes have been playing the same sport since elementary school, hearing the same old thing from older people, “keep playing and you will get a free ticket to college” or “keep playing and you will be pro.” These athletes in return focus so much on the sport, that it becomes their identity, they go on to college, get the degree, and then are stuck in middle income wage jobs if they are lucky. Not to mention the “free college” was not actually free, and all the sacrifices they had to make in order to succeed as both an athlete and a student. One thing is for sure, with all the recent talk of income inequality, college tuition increasing, and student debt on the rise, at least students are exposed to the information beforehand. Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 1 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 2 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 3 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 4 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 5 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 6 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 7 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 8 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 9 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 10 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 11 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 12 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 13 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 14 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 15 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 16 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 17 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 18 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 19 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 20 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 21 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 22 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 23 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 24 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 25 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 26 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 Page 27 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport https://jigsaw.chegg.com/api/v0/books/9780190854140/print?from=107&to=124 2/12/19, 1:55 AM Page 28 of 36 Sociology of North American Sport 2/12/19, 1:55 AM PRINTED BY: d509c6c604e7431@placeholder.24190.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. 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Vndungu11
School: Purdue University

Answer posted please confirm.Let me know in case of anything or if you need anything rectified

Running head: DISCUSSION BOARD

1

Discussion Board: Chapter-Sport, Social Stratification and Social Mobility
Name
Institutional Affiliation

DISCUSSION BOARD

2

Discussion
Myth: Professional Sports Career Provides Lifelong Security
There are many myths surrounding professional sports after participation in college sports.
However, the one that I found most surprising is that participation professional sports career is
assumed to provide the person with lifelong security. I found it su...

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