Write an essay about the Importance of Motivation as a Management Skill. Use examples, peer-reviewed journals to support your answer. This essay must be at least 1200-words in length.

timer Asked: Mar 29th, 2019
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Question Description


  • Be three to five pages in length (1000-1200 words).
  • Use Saudi Electronic University academic writing standards and APA style guidelines.
  • Use proper referencing (APA style) to reference, other style will not accepted.
  • Write a three-part essay (i.e., an essay that includes an introduction paragraph, the essay’s body, and a conclusion paragraph).
  • No plagiarism.
  • No copy and paste from Google.
  • There is one attachment from the book for the course.
  • Your well-written paper should meet the following requirements.

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O RGANIZAT IONAL B EHAV IOR TWELFTH EDITION E X P ERI E NCE | GR OW | CONTR IB UT E SC H E R M ERHORN O SB O R N H UN T UH L-BI E N This page is intentionally left blank WileyPLUS is a research-based online environment for effective teaching and learning. WileyPLUS builds students’ confidence because it takes the guesswork out of studying by providing students with a clear roadmap: • • • what to do how to do it if they did it right It offers interactive resources along with a complete digital textbook that help students learn more. With WileyPLUS, students take more initiative so you’ll have greater impact on their achievement in the classroom and beyond. For more information, visit www.wileyplus.com ALL THE HELP, RESOURCES, AND PERSONAL SUPPORT YOU AND YOUR STUDENTS NEED! www.wileyplus.com/resources 2-Minute Tutorials and all of the resources you and your students need to get started Student support from an experienced student user Collaborate with your colleagues, find a mentor, attend virtual and live events, and view resources www.WhereFacultyConnect.com Pre-loaded, ready-to-use assignments and presentations created by subject matter experts Technical Support 24/7 FAQs, online chat, and phone support www.wileyplus.com/support Your WileyPLUS Account Manager, providing personal training and support 12th edition ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR John R. Schermerhorn, Jr. | Richard N. Osborn | Mary Uhl-Bien | James G. Hunt Ohio University Wayne State University John Wiley & Sons, Inc. University of Nebraska Texas Tech University VICE PRESIDENT & EXECUTIVE PUBLISHER EXECUTIVE EDITOR DEVELOPMENTAL EDITOR ASSOCIATE EDITOR PROJECT EDITOR ASSOCIATE DIRECTOR OF MARKETING MARKETING MANAGER MARKETING ASSISTANT DESIGN DIRECTOR SENIOR CONTENT MANAGER SENIOR PRODUCTION EDITOR SENIOR MEDIA EDITOR MEDIA SPECIALISTS PHOTO DEPARTMENT MANAGER PHOTO RESEARCHER EDITORIAL ASSISTANT ILLUSTRATION EDITOR PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT SERVICES TEXT DESIGNER COVER DESIGNER COVER PHOTO UMBRELLA ICON George Hoffman Lisé Johnson Susan McLaughlin Sarah Vernon Brian Baker Amy Scholz Kelly Simmons Ashley Tomeck Harry Nolan Dorothy Sinclair Erin Bascom Allison Morris Elena Santa Maria and Thomas Caruso Hilary Newman Lisa Passmore Melissa Solarz Anna Melhorn Ingrao Associates Madelyn Lesure Wendy Lai ©ULTRA.F/Getty Images, Inc. ©Monti26/Shutterstock This book was typeset in 10/12 ITC Garamond at Aptara®, Inc. and printed and bound by Quad Graphics/Versailles. The cover was printed by Quad Graphics/Versailles. This book is printed on acid free paper. ∞ Founded in 1807, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. has been a valued source of knowledge and understanding for more than 200 years, helping people around the world meet their needs and fulfill their aspirations. Our company is built on a foundation of principles that include responsibility to the communities we serve and where we live and work. In 2008, we launched a Corporate Citizenship Initiative, a global effort to address the environmental, social, economic, and ethical challenges we face in our business. Among the issues we are addressing are carbon impact, paper specifications and procurement, ethical conduct within our business and among our vendors, and community and charitable support. For more information, please visit our website: www.wiley.com/go/citizenship. Copyright ©2012, 2010, 2008, 2005, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher, or authorization through payment of the appropriate percopy fee to the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923, website www.copyright.com. Requests to the Publisher for permission should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774, (201)748-6011, fax (201)748-6008, website http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. Evaluation copies are provided to qualified academics and professionals for review purposes only, for use in their courses during the next academic year. These copies are licensed and may not be sold or transferred to a third party. Upon completion of the review period, please return the evaluation copy to Wiley. Return instructions and a free of charge return shipping label are available at www.wiley.com/go/returnlabel. If you have chosen to adopt this textbook for use in your course, please accept this book as your complimentary desk copy. Outside of the United States, please contact your local representative. ISBN 13 978-0-470-87820-0 978-1-118-12931-9 Printed in the United States of America. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 about the authors Dr. John R. Schermerhorn, Jr. is the Charles G. O’Bleness Professor Emeritus of Management in the College of Business at Ohio University where he teaches undergraduate and MBA courses in management, organizational behavior, and Asian business. He earned a Ph.D. in organizational behavior from Northwestern University, after receiving an M.B.A. (with distinction) in management and international business from New York University, and a B.S. in business administration from the State University of New York at Buffalo. Dedicated to instructional excellence and serving the needs of practicing managers, Dr. Schermerhorn focuses on bridging the gap between the theory and practice of management in both the classroom and in his textbooks. He has won awards for teaching excellence at Tulane University, The University of Vermont, and Ohio University, where he was named a University Professor, the university’s leading campus-wide award for undergraduate teaching. He also received the excellence in leadership award for his service as Chair of the Management Education and Development Division of the Academy of Management. Dr. Schermerhorn’s international experience adds a unique global dimension to his teaching and textbooks. He holds an honorary doctorate from the University of Pécs in Hungary, awarded for his international scholarly contributions to management research and education. He has also served as a Visiting Professor of Management at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, as on-site Coordinator of the Ohio University MBA and Executive MBA programs in Malaysia, and as Kohei Miura visiting professor at the Chubu University of Japan. Presently he is Adjunct Professor at the National University of Ireland at Galway, a member of the graduate faculty at Bangkok University in Thailand, and Permanent Lecturer in the PhD program at the University of Pécs in Hungary. An enthusiastic scholar, Dr. Schermerhorn is a member of the Academy of Management, where he served as chairperson of the Management Education and Development Division. Educators and students alike know him as author of Management 11e (Wiley, 2011) and Exploring Management 3e (2012), and senior co-author of Organizational Behavior 12/e (Wiley, 2012). His many books are available in Chinese, Dutch, French, Indonesian, Portuguese, Russian, and Spanish language editions. Dr. Schermerhorn’s published articles are found in the Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review Academy of Management Executive, Organizational Dynamics, Journal of Management Education, and the Journal of Management Development. Dr. Schermerhorn is a popular guest speaker at colleges and universities. His recent student and faculty workshop topics include innovations in business education, teaching the millennial generation, global perspectives in management education, and textbook writing and scholarly manuscript development. Dr. John R. Schermerhorn, Jr. v vi About the Authors Dr. James G. (Jerry) Hunt The late Dr. James G. ( Jerry) Hunt was the Paul Whitfield Horn Professor of Management, Professor of Health Organization Management, Former Director, Institute for Leadership Research, and former department Chair of Management, Texas Tech University. He received his Ph.D. and master’s degrees from the University of Illinois after completing a B.S. (with honors) at Michigan Technological University. Dr. Hunt co-authored an organization theory text and Core Concepts of Organizational Behavior (Wiley, 2004) and authored or co-authored three leadership monographs. He founded the Leadership Symposia Series and co-edited the eight volumes based on the series. He was the former editor of the Journal of Management and The Leadership Quarterly. He presented or published some 200 articles, papers, and book chapters, and among his better-known books are Leadership: A New Synthesis, published by Sage, and Out-of-the-Box Leadership, published by JAI. The former was a finalist for the Academy of Management’s 1993 Terry Distinguished Book Award. Dr. Hunt received the Distinguished Service Award from the Academy of Management, the Sustained Outstanding Service Award from the Southern Management Association, and the Barnie E. Rushing, Jr. Distinguished Researcher Award from Texas Tech University for his long-term contributions to management research and scholarship. He also lived and taught in England, Finland, and Thailand, and taught in China. Dr. Richard N. Osborn Dr. Richard N. Osborn is a Wayne State University Distinguished Professor, Professor of Management Emeritus, and former Board of Governors Faculty Fellow. He has received teaching awards at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale and Wayne State University, and he has also taught at Arizona State University, Monash University (Australia), Tulane University, University of Munich, and the University of Washington. He received a DBA from Kent State University after earning an MBA at Washington State University and a B.S. from Indiana University. With over 200 presentations and publications, he is a charter member of the Academy of Management Journals Hall of Fame. Dr. Osborn is a leading authority on international alliances in technology-intensive industries and is co-author of an organization theory text as well as Basic Organizational Behavior ( John Wiley & Sons, 1995, 1998). He has served as editor of international strategy for the Journal of World Business and Special Issue Editor for The Academy of Management Journal. He serves or has served as a member of the editorial boards for The Academy of Management Journal, The Academy of Management Review, Journal of High Technology Management, The Journal of Management, Leadership Quarterly, and Technology Studies, among others. He is very active in the Academy of Management, having served as divisional program chair and president, as well as the Academy representative for the International Federation of Scholarly Associations of Management. Dr. Osborn’s research has been sponsored by the Department of Defense, Ford Motor Company, National Science Foundation, Nissan, and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, among others. In addition to teaching, Dr. Osborn spent a number of years in private industry, including a position as a senior research scientist with the Battelle Memorial Institute in Seattle, where he worked on improving the safety of commercial nuclear power. About the Authors vii Dr. Mary Uhl-Bien is the Howard Hawks Chair in Business Ethics and Leadership at the University of Nebraska. She earned her Ph.D. and M.B.A. in organizational behavior at the University of Cincinnati after completing an undergraduate degree in International Business and Spanish. She teaches organizational behavior, leadership, and ethics courses at the undergraduate and graduate (MBA and doctoral) levels, and has been heavily involved in executive education, teaching to business executives and physicians in the United States, China, Europe, and Saudi Arabia and to the senior executive service of the U.S. government for The Brookings Institute in Washington, D.C. She has been a visiting professor/scholar at Pablo de Olavide University in Seville, Spain, the Universidade Nova de Lisboa/Catolica Portuguesa in Lisbon, Portugal, and University Lund in Sweden. Dr. Uhl-Bien’s research interests are in leadership, followership, and ethics. In addition to her conceptual work on complexity and relational leadership, some of the empirical projects she is currently involved in include investigations of “Leadership and Adaptability in the Healthcare Industry” (a $300,000 grant from Booz Allen Hamilton), “Adaptive Leadership and Innovation: A Focus on Idea Generation and Flow” (at a major financial institution in the U.S.), and “Social Constructions of Followership and Leading Up.” She has published in such journals as The Academy of Management Journal, the Journal of Applied Psychology, The Leadership Quarterly, the Journal of Management, and Human Relations. She won the Best Paper Award in The Leadership Quarterly in 2001 for her co-authored article on Complex Leadership. She has been on the editorial boards of The Academy of Management Journal, The Academy of Management Review, The Leadership Quarterly, Leadership, and The International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management, and is senior editor of the Leadership Horizons series (Information Age Publishers). Dr. Uhl-Bien has consulted with Disney, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, British Petroleum, and the General Accounting Office, and served as the executive consultant for State Farm Insurance Co. from 1998–2004. She has been a Visiting Scholar in Spain, Portugal, and Sweden. Dr. Uhl-Bien has trained Russian businesspeople for the American Russian Center at the University of Alaska Anchorage from 1993–1996, worked on a USAID grant at the Magadan Pedagogical Institute in Magadan, Russia from 1995–1996, and participated in a Fulbright-Hays grant to Mexico during the summer of 2003. Dr. Mary Uhl-Bien preface Global warming, economic uncertainty, poverty, discrimination, unemployment, illiteracy . . . these are among the many issues and problems we face as citizens today. But how often do we stop and recognize our responsibilities for problem solving and positive action in this social context? What we do today will have a lasting impact on future generations. And whether we are talking about families, communities, nations, or the organizations in which we work and volunteer, the core question remains: How can we join together to best serve society? Look again at the cover. Think about people working together and collaborating in organizations around the world. Think about how organizations and their members grow, and how individuals can expand the positive impact of society’s institutions as their ideas and talents come together in supportive and nurturing work settings. And, think about the delicate balances between work and family, between individuals and teams, and between organizations and society that must be mastered in the quest for future prosperity. Yes, our students do have a lot to consider in the complex and ever-shifting world of today. But, we believe they are up to the challenge. And, we believe that courses in organizational behavior have strong roles to play in building their capabilities to make good judgments and move organizational performance forward in positive and responsible ways. That message is a fitting place to begin Organizational Behavior, 12th Edition. Everyone wants to have a useful and satisfying job and career; everyone wants all the organizations of society—small and large businesses, hospitals, schools, governments, nonprofits, and more—to perform well; everyone seeks a healthy and sustainable environment. In this context the lessons of our discipline are strong and applicable. Armed with an understanding of organizational behavior, great things are possible as people work, pursue careers, and contribute to society through positive personal and organizational accomplishments. Organizational behavior is a discipline rich with insights for career and life skills. As educators, our job is to bring to the classroom and to students the great power of knowledge, understanding, and inquiry that characterizes our discipline and its commitment to understanding human behavior in organizations. What our students do with their talents will not only shape how organizations all contribute to society, but also fundamentally alter lives around the globe. We must do our parts as educators to help them gain the understanding and confidence to become leaders of tomorrow’s organizations. JOHN R. SCHERMERHORN, JR. Ohio University RICHARD N. OSBORN Wayne State University MARY UHL-BIEN University of Nebraska viii about this book Organizational Behavior, 12th Edition, brings to its readers the solid and complete content core of prior editions, an enriched and exciting “OB Skills Workbook,” and many revisions, updates, and enhancements that reflect today’s dynamic times. Content All chapters are written so that they can be used in any sequence that best fits the instructor’s course design. Each has also been updated to reflect new research findings and current applications and issues. For this edition, major changes were made to strengthen the research component, expand and refocus the chapters dealing with individual behavior and performance, and more fully treat the emerging directions in leadership research and thinking. A module on Research Methods in OB has been placed online to offer easy ways to further enrich the course experience. Ethics Focus To help students anticipate, understand, and confront the ethical challenges of work and careers today, we have continued our special feature in each chapter— Ethics in OB. This feature presents a situation or issue from an actual case or news report and asks a question of the student reader that requires personal reflection on the ethics and ethics implications. Examples include “Workers Concerned about Ethical Workplace, Personality Testing, Social Loafing May Be Closer than You Think, Privacy in an Age of Social Networking, and Cheat Now . . . Cheat Later.” Leadership Focus To focus students on their roles in demonstrating leadership in organizations, we revised the leadership feature to “Finding the Leader in You.” This feature helps students think about how they can develop their own leadership skills and capabilities to enhance organizational performance. Examples include Patricia Karter of Dancing Deer Baking, Jim Senegal of Costco, Karen Bryant of the Seattle Storm, and Jeff Bezos of Amazon. Research Focus To better communicate the timely research foundations of OB, we have continued the popular Research Insights found in each chapter. Each highlights an article from a respected journal such as the Academy of Management Journal and the Journal of Applied Psychology. Sample topics include ix x About This Book interactional justice, racial bias, social loafing, demographic faultlines, and workplace identities. Applications Focus To help students apply the insights of OB to real situations and problems, each chapter includes Visual Sidebars that highlight key action points to remember—such as “Things Are Changing as the Facebook Generation Goes to Work”; Margin Essays that provide brief and timely examples—such as “Employee Morale Varies Around the World,” and OB and Popular Culture that links movies and television to management insights—such as Moral Management and John Q. Pedagogy As always, our primary goal is to create a textbook that appeals to the student reader while still offering solid content. Through market research surveys and focus groups with students and professors, we continue to learn what features worked best from previous editions, what can be improved, and what can be added to accomplish this goal both effectively and ...
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Tutor Answer

School: UC Berkeley


Manager and Motivation - Outline
Thesis statement: In addition to making money and growing the shareholder's wealth, the
managers have to motivate the workers to help them reach their objectives accomplished.

Importance of Motivation Knowledge
a. Psychological requirements of employees
b. Motivation needs
c. Hygiene and working environment
d. Job satisfaction
e. Equity in the workplace


Lack of Motivation Knowledge




Managers and Motivation




Manager and Motivation
The managers in the organization have a duty of making the workers perform their tasks
so that together they can get to the company goals. It is essential then for them to be aware of the
motivational factors in the organization that would make staff members happy so they can work
diligently. For the employees to work towards the company goals, they need motivation.
Scholars define motivation as reasons provided to an individual that encourage them to work or
act favorably towards something. Managers in the organization advocate for things like giving
the employees pay raises, bonuses, as well as, vacations to get the employees to work harder. In
addition to making money and growing the shareholder's wealth, the managers have to motivate
the workers to help them reach their objectives accomplished.
Importance of Motivation Knowledge
The managers use the psychological processes to help the employees to behave in a
particular manner that gives the activities performed in the organization purpose. In so doing
they can move closer to the company goals, by slowly meeting needs that make them achieve a

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