Decentralization of Education Essay

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Assignment: The Decentralization of Education One of the key areas of modern public policy that has been most delegated to states and local governments are education. Unlike many Western European nations where educational decisions are made almost exclusively by the central government, in the United States local school boards have enormous flexibility in devising education policy. Respond to the following statements in a three to four paged double-spaced paper: • • • • • Analyze the current decentralization of education policy. Has education policy in the United States produced a system that has equipped workers for a modern knowledge-based economy? Discuss any challenges facing American education that originate with state and local governments. Imagine that you have the power to reconstruct the relationship between local governments, state governments, and the federal government concerning elementary and secondary education. Discuss the possibilities, both pro and con, of maintaining the current system of devolving power to local governments. Analyze the pros and cons of centralizing the education policy within the federal government and include why this would or would not be more successful than a decentralized system. Regardless of your perspective on this issue, analyze the challenges and opportunities presented to local governments as they develop education policy to equip students with the skills required to compete in the global economy. Analyze ways the federal government can assist local governments in producing better education policy. Submit your three- to four-page paper (not including title and reference pages). Your paper must be formatted according to APA style as outlined in the approved APA style guide, and you must cite at least two scholarly sources in addition to the textbook. The Paper • • Must be three to four double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Must include a separate title page with the following: o Title of paper o Student’s name o Course name and number o Instructor’s name o Date submitted • • • Must use at least two scholarly sources in addition to the course text. The Scholarly, Peer Reviewed, and Other Credible Sources. table offers additional guidance on appropriate source types. If you have questions about whether a specific source is appropriate for this assignment, please contact your instructor. Your instructor has the final say about the appropriateness of a specific source for a particular assignment. Must document all sources in APA Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to ...
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The Decentralization of Education
Student’s name

Course name and number
Instructor’s name

Date submitted





In the United States, education is a responsibility that is mainly left in the hands of the local
school districts or lower organization level. Decentralization generally refers to the transfer of
decision-making power or authority, tasks, and responsibility closer to the beneficiary or
consumer. The key motives behind decentralization of education is to enhance democracy in
making of decisions, to make public education in the states more responsive to local needs, to
promote and encourage the effective as well as efficient use of educational resources, and to enable
teachers as well as schools to exercise greater professional autonomy, and transfer of financial
responsibilities or control to local or regional level. In the United States education policy is highly
decentralized where additions responsibilities are given to the local school district or board , where
they have enormous flexibility in devising education policy (Winkler, 2019). However, the federal
government, as well as the state governments, still play a role in influencing local education
policies and resource allocation both through program mandates and unfunded policy as well as
through the use of conditional grants-in-aid. This requires the school districts or local governments
to meet or match state and federal funding for certain purposes.

Education is crucial and plays an important role in helping a knowledge-based economy,
which is currently be observed as it produces a skillful human resource that is capable of coping
with recent transformations in the technological field as well as adapting with the changing times.



A quality education helps in transforming society and brains of its population into a minefield

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