AP History: Treaty of Versailles Opinions

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The full assignment paper is the first attachment.

You are supposed to write the opinions of David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, Woodrow Wilson on specific points of the Treaty of Versailles. These points are:

  • What should happen to the colonies of the defeated nations?
  • What should happen to the German armed forces?
  • What should happen to Czechoslovakia?
  • How much should the Germans pay the Allies in compensation?
  • What should happen to Alsace-Lorraine?
  • Who should take the blame for the war?
  • What should happen to the Saar region?
  • Should Austria and Germany be allowed to merge?

(write on each person's answers to the questions above. each person should be a paragraph. 3 paragraphs in total).

ALSO

Write a letter from a diplomat's point of view who doesn't want World War II. (the treaty of Versailles led to WW2.) Write about what you would change about the Treaty of Versailles in order to prevent WW2.

You may use any source to help you. PLEASE LOOK AT EVERY ATTACHMENT.

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Graded Assignment Name: HST560B: AP World History | Unit 10 | Lesson 4: Treaty of Versailles Date: Graded Assignment Alternate Assignment: Treaty of Versailles Submit this assignment to your teacher by the due date for full credit. (35 points) 1. Write a response for each of the three Treaty of Versailles delegates (David Lloyd George, Georges Clemenceau, Woodrow Wilson) for each of the topics under discussion (see character chart). Provide each delegate’s vote along with a rationale explaining why he would vote in such a manner. In addition, write a letter from the perspective of a diplomat who wishes to prevent World War II. What would that person change about the Treaty of Versailles to prevent a costly war twenty years in the future? Score Answer: Your Score © 2012 K12 Inc. All rights reserved. Copying or distributing without K12’s written consent is prohibited. ___ of 35 Page 1 of 2 Graded Assignment HST560B: AP World History | Unit 10 | Lesson 4: Treaty of Versailles Scoring Your teacher will use the following rubric and scoring instructions to grade your assignment. Category 5 points 4 points 3 points 2 points 1 point Content The response completely fulfills the assignment. Content is well developed and ideas are original and clear. The response fulfills the assignment. Content is developed and ideas are clear, yet there are a few minor flaws. The response fulfills the assignment, but content is not fully developed or ideas are not clear. The response does not fulfill the assignment. Content is poorly developed and ideas are confusing. The response does not fulfill the assignment. Content is not developed and ideas are confusing. Detail The response is accurate, relevant, and comprehensive. The response is well prepared, yet contains minor flaws in accuracy or relevancy. The response is well prepared, yet contains some flaws. The response is not well prepared and contains serious flaws. The response is inadequate and flawed. Organization The response is clearly and logically organized and easy to understand. The response is well organized, with only minor flaws. The response is somewhat organized but has significant flaws. The response lacks clear organization. It is difficult to understand. The response is so disorganized that it is not understandable. Spelling, Punctuation, and Grammar The response contains 2 or fewer errors in spelling, punctuation, or grammar. The response contains 3 to 4 errors in spelling, punctuation, or grammar. The response contains 5 to 6 errors in spelling, punctuation, or grammar. The response contains 7 to 9 errors in spelling, punctuation, or grammar. The response contains 10 or more errors in spelling, punctuation, or grammar. Rubric Category Score Content ____ × 3 = ____ Detail ____ × 2 = ____ Organization ____ × 1 = ____ Spelling, Punctuation, and Grammar ____ × 1 = ____ Score Total Score: To calculate the final grade for this assignment, add the scores for each rubric topic for a maximum score of 35 points. Notice that you will give greater weight to Content by multiplying the score for that category by 3, and to Detail by multiplying the score for that category by 2. The scores for Organization, and Spelling, Punctuation, and Grammar are not weighted. © 2012 K12 Inc. All rights reserved. Copying or distributing without K12’s written consent is prohibited. Page 2 of 2 HST560B: AP World History | Unit 10 | Lesson 4: Treaty of Versailles Name: Date: Writing Assignment Treaty of Versailles: Character Chart Once you have received your character role, you are required to complete the following assignment about your character. It is extremely important you complete this in a timely manner and submit this assignment to your teacher before the simulation. Be sure to complete all the Advance Preparation for the lesson so that you can fully participate in the Treaty of Versailles simulation. Character Name: ___red - France ____blue – UK _____________ green – USA _____________________ Indicate the option choice that your delegate would select on the provided topics and defend that choice with a two-sentence response. Issue Option 1 Option 2 Option 3 1. What should happen to the colonies of the defeated nations? They should be allowed to govern themselves. They should be divided up between France, Britain, and other powers. The League of Nations should have oversight over these colonies. 2. What should happen to the German armed forces? They should be reduced to prewar levels No conscription; German forces limited to 250,000 men. No conscription; German forces limited to 100,000 men. 3. What should happen to Czechoslovakia? It should be independent. It should be run by the League of Nations. It should be controlled by Austria. 4. How much should the Germans pay the Allies in compensation? 5 billion 25 billion 33 billion 5. What should happen to Alsace-Lorraine? Germany should keep it. France should control it. The League of Nations should control it. 6. Who should take the blame for the war? Germany all Central Powers no one 7. What should happen to the Saar region? It should be given back to Germany. France should control it. The League of Nations should control it for 15 years; after that, the Germans and French will have a plebiscite to see who should control it. 8. Should Austria and Germany be allowed to merge? Yes No Revisit the issue in 15 years. © 2012 K12 Inc. All rights reserved. Copying or distributing without K12’s written permission is prohibited. Page 1 of 2 HST560B: AP World History | Unit 10 | Lesson 4: Treaty of Versailles Issue 1 Option: Explanation: Issue 2 Option: Explanation: Issue 3 Option: Explanation: Issue 4 Option: Explanation: Issue 5 Option: Explanation: Issue 6 Option: Explanation: Issue 7 Option: Explanation: Issue 8 Option: Explanation: © 2012 K12 Inc. All rights reserved. Copying or distributing without K12’s written permission is prohibited. Page 2 of 2 HST560B: AP World History | Treaty of Versailles Advance Preparation Preparing for the Treaty of Versailles You and other students will participate in a simulation of the Treaty of Versailles negotiations. As a participant, you will play the part of one of the three key figures who engaged in negotiations in 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors at the Palace of Versailles. Besides reviewing and enhancing the materials presented in this unit about the treaty of Versailles and World War I, the simulation will cultivate your skills in critical analysis, strategic thinking, public speaking, research, and listening. Students will negotiate various issues on the treaty agenda until they can agree on one option. Students will remain in character at all times during the negotiations and discuss the agenda topics as their character would have, not based on their own personal opinions. The politician profile sheets and the map of Europe will help you in this task. After your negotiations have concluded, you will have the opportunity to compare your decisions to those actually made by the Allies during the Treaty of Versailles. To prepare for the treaty negotiations, read the background material on the Treaty of Versailles, including the political profiles. Before the simulation, review the discussion topics and decide which option your character would have chosen for each topic. Character Roles Your teacher will assign you a character role, and you will participate in the negotiations as that character. Your teacher will divide the class into groups of three or four students and give three people in the group roles as one of the three leaders responsible for treaty negotiations. If the group includes a fourth person, that student will be responsible for acting as an impartial scribe, recording the proceedings. 1. David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Great Britain 2. Georges Clemenceau, President of France 3. Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States Information about Character Role Research Locate three credible sources on your historical character. Sources must include at least one primary source document, one book, and credible sources from the Internet. Primary sources might include speeches your character made during the time of the negotiations or newspaper articles written during this time period. Use the Chicago Manual of Style to document these sources. Your research should prepare you to discuss the following topics in an educated and knowledgeable manner. • What should happen to the colonies of the defeated nations? • What should happen to the German armed forces? • What should happen to Czechoslovakia? • How much should the Germans pay the Allies in compensation? • What should happen to Alsace-Lorraine? • Who should take the blame for the war? • What should happen to the Saar region? © 2012 K12 Inc. All rights reserved. Copying or distributing without K12’s written permission is prohibited. Page 1 of 3 HST560B: AP World History | Treaty of Versailles • Should Austria and Germany be allowed to merge? Background Information on the Treaty of Versailles As preparation for the simulation, you should read the following summarized background material on the treaty of Versailles. The First World War devastated Europe in a way the world had never seen before. Death and destruction took place on an unprecedented level: in France alone, 750,000 homes were destroyed and the nation’s infrastructure was in shambles. By the end of the war, 10 million soldiers died and 21 million more were wounded. The Spanish flu, which broke out across Europe in 1918, only exacerbated the devastation; 25 million people died as a result of the pandemic. When the leaders of France, Great Britain, and the United States met at the Palace of Versailles to discuss the peace terms, they were still reeling from the war. The people of France and Great Britain were looking for vengeance, and much of the blame fell on Germany. Although several hundred people were actually involved in the treaty process and final signing in Versailles’ Hall of Mirrors, three men led the negotiations: British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French President Georges Clemenceau, and U.S. President Woodrow Wilson. Although the men were at Versailles to negotiate a peace treaty, the mood was not conciliatory, especially for France and Great Britain. Germany was not invited to participate in the conference and was essentially forced to accept the treaty terms agreed upon by the Allies. After months of negotiations, the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919. Many Germans believed the treaty would be lenient due to the involvement of U.S. president Woodrow Wilson, who did not want to alienate the Germans or hinder Europe’s economic recovery. Wilson presented his goals as the Fourteen Points, and his primary motivation was to establish a new alliance that he called the League of Nations. However, many of the agreed upon treaty terms were indeed harsh. Germany was forced to pay massive reparations, which devastated the German economy. The German government could not keep up with the reparations payments after only one year. The Germans were also unhappy with the War Guilt Clause and thought the Allies were unfair to place sole blame for the conflict on Germany, especially when the war started when a Serb killed an Austrian. Germany felt like it unjustly bore all the blame and felt like a scapegoat for the other nations involved. Furthermore, some Germans didn’t even believe they had “lost” the war, since Germany was never invaded. One of these Germans was Adolf Hitler, who felt the army had been betrayed by the “November Criminals,” the name some gave to the politicians who signed the armistice on November 11, 1918, that ended the war. The Allies also wanted to prevent future war, particularly with Germany. They mandated a new form of government for the Germans in an attempt to prevent the future rise of a dictatorship. The practical fallout of this attempt at representative government, however, was the quick establishment of more than thirty political parties, none strong enough to take power and rule effectively. The treaty also mandated the dissolution of the German General Staff, or the head of the army. Almost immediately after the treaty, German anger and disregard for the treaty were obvious. Although the General Staff was officially dissolved, army leaders remained united within other organizations and already started pulling together training material and lessons learned from World War I. Germany stopped paying its reparations within one year of the treaty because the country was financially unable to make the exorbitant payments. Germany also violated the treaty by making a pact with the Soviet Union at a 1922 conference in Italy. The pact formally renounced the two nations’ financial claims against each other and reestablished diplomatic relations. In the political vacuum that emerged in Germany after the treaty, one man eventually rose to power. In the 1930s, Adolf Hitler repeatedly violated the terms of the treaty of Versailles by © 2012 K12 Inc. All rights reserved. Copying or distributing without K12’s written permission is prohibited. Page 2 of 3 HST560B: AP World History | Treaty of Versailles building up the German military and initiating a military draft. Hitler established a Germany navy, a division of armored tanks, and an air force. In 1936, Hitler’s troops reoccupied the demilitarized Rhineland. The treaty violations continued in 1938 and 1939 as Hitler successively invaded or annexed Austria, the Sudetenland, Czechoslovakia, and finally Poland. His invasion of Poland in 1939 sparked World War II. © 2012 K12 Inc. All rights reserved. Copying or distributing without K12’s written permission is prohibited. Page 3 of 3
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Answers are provided









What should happen to the colonies of the defeated nations?
What should happen to the German armed forces?
What should happen to Czechoslovakia?
How much should the Germans pay the Allies in compensation?
What should happen to Alsace-Lorraine?
Who should take the blame for the war?
What should happen to the Saar region?
Should Austria and Germany be allowed to merge?
Letter of diplomat
References


Running Head: THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

The Treaty of Versailles
Details
Name
Institutional Affiliation

1

THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

2

The opinions of the allied parties regarding the treaty of Versailles

What should happen to the colonies of the defeated nations?

a. David Lloyd George

The Germany colonies were to be demilitarized so that peace could prevail based on the
treaty of Versailles (Litvin, 2018). According to David Lloyd George, he was pleased with
the decision that the German among other colonies which were defeated in the war could be
demilitarized to reduce their potency of creating yet another trouble.

b. Georges Clemenceau

Clemenceau disliked the colonies of the defeats nations and preferred that they were to be
punished as they deserved (Litvin, 2018). With an emphasis on German colonies,
Clemenceau wanted that their colonies be restricted and treated with care as they had a sole
responsibility for creating the war that disrupted the peace which was initially in the region.

c. Woodrow Wilson

The defeated colonies were to be shared using a map drawn from the treaty. The decision was
to limit the population of the defeated colonies (Litvin, 2018). Wilson was dissatisfied with
the decision of the treaty regarding the colonies and wanted a fair judgment to be issued
regarding the treaties.


What should happen to the German armed forces?

a. David Lloyd George

THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

3

Lloyd had wanted a reduction in the German armies with the fear of eruption of yet another
war. German forces, according to him were lethal for progress and posed a harm which could
be prevented well when their numbers had been reduced.
b. Georges Clemenceau

He supported the point of reduction of the German army with the main blame put on them as
responsible for the war (Litvin, 2018). Based on the clause 231 of the treaty where Germany
was blamed for the war, George Clemenceau supported the reduction in the German army so
that peace could be assured in the region.

c. Woodrow Wilson

Wilson wanted fairness sand quality judgment for the German armed forces since he believed
that a bad judgment could led to yet another strife (Litvin, 2018). He did not like the blame
which was put on German armed forces and decided to accept the treaty although he hated
the points in it.


What should happen to Czechoslovakia?

a. David Lloyd George

Davis had he opinion that Czechoslovakia was supposed to remain on its own and isolated
due to the poor economic and technological development (Litvin, 2018). The country
therefore was supposed to remain a republic and they were to transact their businesses as per
their recommendations. Additionally, he did not want the Germans to be put into land since
they could possibly cause another problem which could affect the people.

b. Georges Clemenceau

THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

4

He had a negative attitude towards the defeated nations, and he had an idea that the
Czechoslovakia was to join the German and Italic nations regardless of the misfortune of the
land. He never supported the separation of the country to form its own republic.
c. Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson advocate for the isolation of the country to form a republic due to the
challenges which it faced (Litvin, 2018). The decision which was made in the treaty of
Versailles for the country was fair and he believed that was an opportunity for the state to
grow better.

How much should the Germans pay the Allies in compensation?

a. David Lloyd George

For David, Germany was to pay the 132 billion gold markets for the violation of the peace
which existed in the region by igniting a war (Litvin, 2018). He was happy and felt it was fair
to impose the fine on the Germans for the responsibility of the war.

b. Georges Clemenceau

Georges supported the penalty which was decide as 132 billion gold market for he had a
negative attitude towards war as well as those who caused the war. He believed that such a
fine would make Germany to settle and learn from the mistakes which they did which could
be better.

c. Woodrow Wilson

He accepted the fine was good for Germany and believed that they were responsible for the
ar. The adverse effects of the war affected the entire region of the Eastern Europe and there

THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

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was need to teach the people a lesson (Litvin, 2018). Also, he believed that the fine of 132
billion gold market would serve as a warning to the others who had the idea of creating
trouble.


What should happen to Alsace-Lorraine?
a. David Lloyd George

He supported the idea that Alsace-Lorraine was to be taken back to Germany and blamed
France for the strife (Litvin, 2018). Also, he believed that the territory was a hub for
Germany and there were supposed to be fairness in dealing with the issues of the place so that
Germany could see that fairness was done to them.

b. Georges Clemenceau

He believed that Germany made a mistake and Alsace-Lorraine was to be seized and never
given back to the Germans. He wanted that the treaty was to frisked and a good part given to
France as a compensation. He believed that it is because of the region that Germany had
various issues which affected the land and led to the World War I.

c. Woodrow Wilson

As the president of the United States during the World War I, Woodrow believed that the
Alsace-Lorraine belonged to the Germany but due to the strife, it was a fair deal to take some
part of the territory and also limit the military capacity of the military in the place for a
peaceful coexistence.


Who should take the blame for the war?
a. David Lloyd George

THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES

David George wanted Germany to be blamed for the war since it is because of their military
provocation that the World War I erupted. According to David George, he believed that the
World War I was a responsibility of the German...


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