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Although conservatism has much older roots in American
history, the modern movement began to gel in the mid–1930s when intellectuals
and politicians collaborated with businessmen to oppose the liberalism led by
President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
After World War II conservatism gained strength from new
think tanks and writers who developed an intellectual rationale for
The three reasons for the rise of conservatism towards the
later part of 20th century can be –
1.Vietnam war made people disillusioned with aggressive
2.Richard Nixon’s victory to presidential election
in 1968. Republican came in power and promoted conservatism
3.In the 1980s President Ronald Reagan solidified
conservative Republican strength with tax cuts, greatly increased defence
spending, deregulation, a policy of rolling back communism.
4.Conservative think tanks 1990–97 mobilize to
challenge the legitimacy of global warming as a social problem. They challenge
the scientific evidence, argue that global warming will have benefits, and warn
that proposed solutions would do more harm than good.
Overall, rise of conservatism helped right wing people to
gain control of the Republican Party. Conservatives generally distrust the
United Nations (UN) and Europe and, apart from the libertarian wing, favor a
strong military and give enthusiastic support to Israel.
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Oct 9th, 2015
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