I am widing up on it
Culture and Values: A Survey of the Humanities vol. II, 9th or 8th edition. Ed.
According to the ninth edition of culture and values, the humanities survey states that
students are being familiarized with human nature and its originality with a complete
understanding of social language and literature, arts, philosophy and their religion since the
ancient time up to present world. Through learning these values and the cultural practices
students are encouraged to consider their own families and their beliefs, this also helps them to
understand their customs hence becomes better citizens in the 21st century. In her teachings, Lois
Fichner- Rathus the coauthor insists that ‘the greater the emphasis on arts the greater humanistic
growth, she added that this has a greater approach when discussing anthropological human
Pieter Brueghel 1525–1569 Flanders/Belgium (Flemish/Belgian) In the Netherlands at
this time, the accessibility and the purchasing of art became available to dealers and the rising
upper-middle-class buyers. Previously artworks had been commissioned by aristocrats such as
the royalty and religious centers (churches). This offered artists such as Pieter Brueghel the Elder
the opportunity to sell his work. Brueghel's travels to Italy influenced his interest in humanism,
which helped him understand the importance of how man and nature are interrelated. One
notices this in his well-known painting Hunters in the Snow (oil on wood). This painting reflects
how he represented nature and man side by side as he depicted a cold clear day with men along
with their dog among a cluster of trees and birds on the left, as they look on to a town with a
pond of frozen ice with townspeople ice skating. In the far distance, one can view the mountains.
(Source: which were reformed from Lawrence S. Cunningham, John J. Reich, and Lois FichnerRathus, about Culture and Values, A Survey of the Humanities [8th edition, vol 2, pages. 480481].) Pieter Bruegel was also referred to as Pieter the Elder, ...