Opioids Research Paper

timer Asked: Mar 29th, 2019
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Question Description

Your research paper should be 1,500-2,000-words and reflect critical thinking and analysis. Refer to the Academic Writing Guidelines Resource located in the Course Materials section for assistance with this.

You must have a minimum of six references to support your research. The references should be taken from the annotated bibliography completed earlier in the course.

Your research paper should include information about the following:

  1. Brief history of the drug
  2. Psychopharmacology of the drug
  3. Current trends or issues
  4. Societal concerns or issues related to the drug
  5. Significance or relevance of topic to the counseling profession
  6. Any future implications

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Tutor Answer

School: Rice University

Hello there, have a look at the complete research paper. In case of any concern, feel free to alert me ASAPRegards


Opioids Research Paper
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Opioids are drugs that are naturally found in the opium poppy plant. The drug works in
the brain to bring about effects such as to relieve pain. Opioids, therefore, consist of legal drugs
such as painkillers like oxycodone and morphine while illegal ones include heroin. Opioids are
believed to block the signals of pain between the brain and the body that are prescribed to treat
severe and moderate pain. In addition to pain relieving, opioids make the user feel relaxed or
happy all times. The use of opioids rapidly evolved in recent years when it was discovered as a
solution to treat chronic pain. The Disease control and prevention center (CDC) issued guidelines
for opioid use to reduce the risks and maximize the benefits of pain treatment in hospitals. The
epidemic of opioid can be explained in three waves. First, it began in 1991 when opioid-related
deaths rose due to the prescription of the drug and combination with others to control pain
(Campbell & Rooney, 2018). The pharmaceutical companies had reassured the users that the
risk of opioid addiction was too low. The companies also started to promote the administration
of opioids to patients with pains not related to cancer. This happened although there was no
reliable data about the risks and benefits to the patients. Before 2000, around 86% of patients
using opioids were administering them for non-cancer pains.
Similarly, in 2010, the opioid epidemic started with a high note of deaths caused by the
abuse of heroin. The early campaigns to stop opioid prescription to the public had taken effect
causing the decline of its consumption. Opioids became so rare and expensive as the government
was on close watch on any dealer. People, therefore, turned their focus on the heroin. This drug
was cheap and available although it was illegal. Heroin use increased among both sexes within
the majority age brackets and all social groups. The mortality rates due to heroin use increased
by 286% in 2013 from 2002. Its method of administration was associated with a high number of



deaths. The drug which is usually injected put the users at risk of sharing syringes transmitting
diseases such as HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B.
Psychopharmacology of a drug is the study of the effects it causes to the sensation, mood,
thinking and behavior of the user. In this paper, we are going to discuss the pharmacology of
withdrawal and tolerance in the context of detoxification. The pape...

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Thanks, good work

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