What role does honor and duty play within this ancient
society? What do these concepts mean for men and women in their roles as husbands,wives,sons,
mothers,soldiers, kings, etc.? How is this similar or different from what we
saw in Gilgamesh?
Consider the way violence
is described in the Iliad, and the way the characters respond to acts of
violence. From what we have read, is violence accepted and supported in this
culture, or is it opposed? Clearly some violence is permitted since these
characters are engaged in a 10-year war, but is violence (and war) seen as a
necessary evil, or as something glorious? Could it be both, or neither one?
When discussing Gilgamesh, much was made about the
relationship and bond between Gilgamesh and Enkidu. This was definitely a
central aspect of the epic. Do we see a similar connection between any of the
characters here? In what ways are the friendships and rivalries among the men
in the Iliad similar and/or different to those described in Gilgamesh? What
might this tell us about the cultures these poems represent?