Tuberculosis Infectious Disease Journal Article Review Paper

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Journal Topic: Tuberculosis


For this assignment, you will review and analyze a recent journal article (published within the last 5 years) from a peer-reviewed publication (e.g. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, Emerging Infectious Diseases, and The Journal of Infectious Diseases) about a disease or topic found in the readings. You must evaluate the chosen paper against at least 4 other peer-reviewed sources. You may cite your text; however, it does not count as one of your peer-reviewed sources.

For each review, you will select an article about a topic from the required readings between each review assignment submission. You will then compose a 4–5-page paper, not including the cover page and references, on your topic of choice. The goal of the assignment is to help link the current best practices identified in your text and the ongoing developments of research reflected in the peer-reviewed literature in support of learning outcomes A and B. You should, therefore, choose articles related to current epidemiologic trends for infectious diseases and/or the impact of the diseases and of the control measures on global populations. Special attention should be devoted to understanding the role of infectious agents as causes of morbidity and mortality in the context of economically developing nations.

Be sure to include the following elements:

  • A clearly documented reference to best practices or standard of care
  • Reported findings are completely and fairly assessed and critiqued
  • A summary of the principal contents of the article under review
  • Adequate information to understand the central themes and recommendations
  • Paper, references, and citations all consistently follow current AMA formatting

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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Surname 1
Tuberculosis
Name
Institutional Affiliation
Tutor
Date
Tuberculosis
Summary of the article
Fauci & Eisinger looks at the effect that tuberculosis has had in the medical field over the last
two or more centuries. The main focus if the article is the historical event that took place in
Moscow where the world health organization, the department of health for the United Nations
held their first conference to discuss the way forward to dealing with the disease. Current
medical approaches that have been used to contain the virus has been revealed in the article and
proposals made on the way forward to ensuring that the world can contain the disease that has
for a prolonged period in recent history overcome the researchers and medical practitioners. This
is owing to the resistant nature of the illness to modern drugs where some people have been
detected with a form of the disease that is highly resistant rendering it incurable.
Introduction
Tuberculosis is one of the leading diseases in mortality rates coming second to HIV and aids. In
the past two centuries, the condition is estimated to have caused over a billion deaths with recent
data indicating a death rate of 1.7 million people in 2017. Over the years, physicians and medical
researchers have been looking for ways to deal with the pandemic yet little has been done to
contain it. The world health organization held its first conference towards a world free TB in
2017 that was held in Moscow. This paper shall be looking at the proposed approaches to the
containment of the disease referring to the works of Fauci & Eisinger (2017) and evaluate the
same against the works of other scholars who have dedicated their research on the current trends
on tuberculosis.
About the disease
Tuberculosis is an airborne disease caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) and
mainly affects the lungs leading to severe chest pains, coughing, and fevers. The condition has
been ranked among the leading causes of death among people living with HIV/aids causing
drawbacks on the tremendous efforts to containing HIV. The disease comes in two phases, latent
infection, and active infection. A latently infected person may not realize that they have the
disease as the bacterium is still inactive in their bodies. This stage is also noninfectious; hence
the person possesses no threat to the people around them. However, it will eventually become
active, and symptoms are highly visible in this state. Any individual with active tuberculosis
could spread the disease to the people around them; hence there is the need to seek treatment
when the condition is still at the latent stage.
Notable is the fact that the disease does not only affect the lungs and the respiratory system.
Other parts of the body including the spinal cord and the kidneys are also pron...


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