When looking at the relationship between social justice and juvenile justice, there are two overarching concepts when addressing juvenile delinquency - treatment and punishment. These two concepts have driven a cycle of changes in the juvenile justice system over the years. Your task is to support your premise that your state or city should either implement a philosophy of treatment or punishment for juvenile offenders for a specific crime or criminal justice issue identified in your paper.
- Explain the differences between the treatment and punishment concepts. Build the case for which one you believe has the stronger position based on your research and the crime or criminal justice issue you selected to study.
- Review the juvenile crime statistics between three cities or states in three different parts of the country (e.g., Boston, Chicago, and Seattle) for a crime or criminal justice issue. Incorporate a graphic display to present your findings. Be sure to include at least three demographic items, such as gender, ethnicity, race, education, or socio-economic status, in your analysis. Ensure you standardize your data (i.e., 1:1000; 1:10,000; or 1: 100,000) and incorporate the scale in a key for each chart.
- Identify the prevailing thought in the city or state: Is it treatment or punishment? Analyze the differences in the recidivism rates between the cities or states you have selected? Is recidivism the best indicator of success or failure or should we use a different indicator?
- In Chapters 2 and 3 of the text, our author addresses biological, psychological and sociological theories to help explain juvenile delinquency. Evaluate which of these theories would best support your thesis.
- Support which juvenile justice intervention strategy would be effective to counter the crime or criminal justice issue based on your research?
- Conclude with a summary of which concept (treatment or punishment) best supports the over arching concept of social justice?
The paper must be ten to twelve pages in length and formatted according to APA style. You must use at least six scholarly resources (at least four of which must be found in the Ashford Online Library) other than the textbook to support your claims. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page. For information regarding APA, including samples and tutorials, visit the Ashford Writing Center, located within the Learning Resources tab on the left navigation toolbar.
Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:
- Must be ten to twelve double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
- Must include a title page with the following:
- Title of paper
- Student’s name
- Course name and number
- Instructor’s name
- Date submitted
- Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
- Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
- Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
- Must use at least six scholarly resources, including a minimum of four from the Ashford University Library.
- Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
- Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Explanation & Answer
Treatment versus Punishment - Outline
Thesis Statement: While some individuals advocate for specific punishments for
juvenile offenders, others advocate for treatment of the same in a bid to rehabilitate
them. It is also evident that the youth engage in a wide variety of offenses, ranging
from crime, drug abuse, and violence of different magnitudes. Treatment is a better
remedy for the prevention, deterrence, and management of the vice in the region
compared to punishment.
Differences between the treatment and punishment concepts and the case for
Juvenile crime statistics between three states in three different parts of the
Prevailing thought in the city or state: Treatment and differences in the
recidivism rates between the cities or states selected.
Is recidivism the best indicator of success or failure or should we use a
Biological, psychological and sociological theories to help explain juvenile
Support for treatment as the juvenile justice intervention strategy that would
be effective to counter the crime or criminal justice issue based on your
Running head: TREATMENT VERSUS PUNISHMENT
Treatment versus Punishment
TREATMENT VERSUS PUNISHMENT
Treatment versus Punishment
The persistence and gradual increase of juvenile delinquency across the United States of
America over the last decades has presented a universal problem for all members and processes
of the social, political, and criminal justice structures. It is imperative to highlight that
delinquency is a broad term that incorporates both illegal activities and unacceptable conduct by
youths (Jones, 2014). As such, various heated debates on the most effective way to deal with
juvenile offenders have been evidenced in many platforms, ranging from academia to
administration. While some individuals advocate for specific punishments for juvenile offenders,
others advocate for treatment of the same in a bid to rehabilitate them. It is also evident that the
youth engage in a wide variety of offenses, ranging from crime, drug abuse, and violence of
different magnitudes. However, according to the U.S. Department of Justice (2016), the
prevalence of juvenile involvement in violent crimes is the most popular and rampant criminal
offense among young people. Juvenile violence in different states of the country has been on the
rise since the 1980s, a situation, which has become a major national concern as evidenced by the
continuous increase of juvenile arrests (U.S. Department of Justice, 2016). To successfully and
effectively deal with the increasing problem of youth violence in the U.S, the paper will argue
that treatment is a better remedy for the prevention, deterrence, and management of the vice in
the region compared to punishment. To support the argument, the text will be based on factual
information and data from different reliable sources, including articles, publications, and reports
on the topic. Due to the nature of the crime, the merits and strengths of treatment interventions
far much exceed the adoption of punitive strategies.
TREATMENT VERSUS PUNISHMENT
Differences between Punishment and Treatment Concepts
According to Feld (1990), the objectives of juvenile court law revolve around securing
each minor offender in a bid to offer sufficient care and discipline without disrupting their
mental, emotional, and social welfare; thus facilitating an acceptable transition from criminal to
acceptable behavior. First and foremost, the preference for treatment to punishment for dealing
with and managing violent crimes among the youth in Los Angeles is based on the fact that the
latter is significantly based on the deterrence principle. Deterrence, according to Ritchie (2011),
seeks to administer criminal justice through the inculcation of fear and threats to the offender.
The strategy begins with the imposition of different criminal sanctions on the juvenile offender
as a strategic dissuader for them to refrain from committing the offense later in life. It also aims
at threatening other potential offenders with similar more consequences for committing similar
crimes (Ritchie, 2011). Unlike punishment, treatment of juvenile offenders does not incorporate
fear or threats in the offenders as a way of dissuading or discouraging them from committing
similar offenses. Treatment involves systematic procedures aimed at transforming the juvenile
offender by transforming their cognitive and behavioral orientations. It involves the application
of different techniques such as psychological counseling in a bid to enlighten the youth on the
need to depart from their previous criminal behaviors. The strategy has been applauded for
creating a good citizen and an ambassador of non-criminal conduct of a prior offender. Through
the psychological approaches used in the treatment of juvenile offenders, they gain sufficient
motivation to depart from their criminal activities and foster ethical behavior in their societies
(Day, 2015). Through treatment, the criminal justice system successfully creates responsible
youths with high levels of self-control and motivation to maintain positive behavioral tendencies.
TREATMENT VERSUS PUNISHMENT
Research has reiterated that the punishment of juvenile offenders serves to the detriment
of the community and the individual o...