Need help with study guide on poltical ideology questions

Oct 15th, 2015
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 1. For most of the 20th century, the clash of thre

e ideologies - liberalism, conservatism, and

communism - dominated world politics.

a. True b. False

____ 2. According to Sir Isaiah Berlin, the two factor

s that have shaped human history more than any others

are technology and ideology.

a. True b. False

____ 3. All ideologies try to make sense of the world

in order to change it for the better.

a. True b. False

____ 4. The term "ideology" originally meant the scie

ntific study of ideas.

a. True b. False

____ 5. Ideologies are mostly concerned with the way

the world should be and not overly concerned with

the way the world is.

a. True b. False

____ 6. Religion is a type of ideology.

a. True b. False

____ 7. Political theories tend to be more abstract an

d more principled than political ideologies.

a. True b. False

____ 8. All political ideologies have their roots in

scientific theory.

a. True b. False

____ 9. Democracy is a type of ideology.

a. True b. False

____ 10. All ideologies assume that it is the "nature"

of human beings to compete with one another in hopes

of acquiring the greatest possible share of scarce resources

.

a. True b. False

____ 11. The term "revolution" originally meant a r

evolving or return or completion of a cycle.

a. True b. False

____ 12. The way political positions are now commonly d

escribed as left, right, or center is an historical afte

r-

effect of the American Revolution.

a. True b. False

____ 13. The term "radical" comes from the Greek

radikalos

, meaning "crazy" or "mad."

a. True b. False

____ 14. Nationalism and anarchism are two of the most

powerful forces in modern, present day politics.

a. True b. False

____ 15. The Greek root of our word "anarchy,"

an archos

, means "chaos and confusion."

a. True b. False

____ 16. Which of the following statements about poli

tical ideologies is

FALSE

?

a. Political ideologies usually claim to promote freedo

m.

b. Political ideologies try to unite thought with act

ion.

c. Political ideologies sometimes simplify ideas to appea

l to large numbers of

people.

d. All of the answers to this question are true.

____ 17. When an ideology performs the function of e

xplanation, it helps us to...

a. figure out what to do and how to do it.

b. make sense of complex events and conditions.

c. find our social identity and location.

d. decide whether policies and conditions are good, bad,

or indifferent.

____ 18. When an ideology performs the function of o

rientation, it helps us to...

a. figure out what to do and how to do it.

b. make sense of complex events and conditions.

c. find our social identity and location.

d. decide whether policies and conditions are good, bad,

or indifferent.

____ 19. When an ideology performs the function of e

valuation, it helps us to...

a. figure out what to do and how to do it.

b. make sense of complex events and conditions.

c. find our social identity and location.

d. decide whether policies and conditions are good, bad,

or indifferent.

____ 20. When an ideology performs the function of p

olitical program, it helps us to...

a. figure out what to do and how to do it.

b. make sense of complex events and conditions.

c. find our social identity and location.

d. decide whether policies and conditions are good, bad,

or indifferent.

____ 21. People who try to persuade others to accept th

eir ideology are...

a. ideologues.

b. extremists.

c. radicals.

d. politicos.

____ 22. A(n) _______ statement tries to describe or e

xplain things the way they are.

a. religious

b. normative

c. ideological

d. empirical

____ 23. A(n) _______ statement tries to prescribe ho

w things should be.

a. religious

b. normative

c. ideological

d. empirical

____ 24. According to Ball and Dagger, which of the fo

llowing is an ideology?

a. anarchism

b. nationalism

c. terrorism

d. None of the answers to this question are ideologies a

ccording to Ball and Dagger

____ 25. Some idea or conception of human nature is i

mportant to political ideology because...

a. it provides an indication of how the ideology want

s to change or reshape human

nature.

b. it shows how ideologies use scientific studies of human

nature for their own

purposes.

c. it explains why ideologies are so attractive to so ma

ny people.

d. it sets the limits of what the ideology considers to

be possible to achieve

politically.

____ 26. The fact that ideologies have differing con

ceptions of freedom indicates...

a. an essentially contested concept.

b. the difficulty with empirical measurements of human

nature.

c. a flaw in MacCallum's triadic model.

d. all of the answers to this question are correct.

____ 27. According to MacCallum's triadic model, freedom

is...

a. something that all ideologies claim to promote.

b. something that some ideologies defend but others att

ack.

c. a matter of being free from obstacles in order to p

ursue a goal.

d. a right that all agents have to pursue happiness in

whatever way they choose.

____ 28. According to MacCallum's triadic model, the thr

ee aspects of freedom are...

a. people, revolutions, and outcomes.

b. ideas, laws, and desires.

c. parties, negotiations, and policies.

d. agents, obstacles, and goals.

____ 29. Which political ideology tends to be suspicious o

f revolutions because its low estimate of human

nature generally leads it to believe that sweeping im

provements in society are practically

impossible?

a. conservatism

b. fascism

c. liberalism

d. radicalism

____ 30. ________ was the first of the political ideo

logies.

a. Conservatism

b. Democracy

c. Liberalism

d. Enlightenment

____ 31. Which of the following statements about nati

onalism/nationalists is

FALSE

?

a. Nationalists believe that people who share a common

birth should be united in a

political body.

b. One difficulty with nationalism is determining just

what a nation is.

c. Nationalists believe that all governments are immora

l because they deprive the

nation of freedom.

d. All of the answers to this question are true.

____ 32. A(n) ________ is someone who advocates abolish

ing the state.

a. anarchist

b. communist

c. nationalist

d. terrorist

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