BIOL 1120 General Biology II Questions

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timer Asked: Apr 6th, 2019
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Question Description

No more than two cites from the internet

research not older than 6 years

peer reviewed journal articles

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BIOL 1120, GENERAL BIOLOGY II, SPRING 2019 INSTRUCTIONS FOR WRITING RESEARCH PAPER COMMENT: This exercise is intended to introduce students of General Biology to the art of literature survey and scientific writing. The research paper will be evaluated on content, adherence to instructions, and style as indicated in the syllabus. GENERAL LAYOUT The title: 1. Must be carefully chosen from topics covered in the course and answer a well defined question(s). For example, why is PHOTOSYNTHESIS such an important process in the ecosystem? A possible title that could answer this question would be “Energy Conversion in the Ecosystem”. 2. Should be accompanied by a one half-page description of the scope and substance. Five points will be earned if this is done correctly the first time. 3. Must not deal directly with the symptoms and cures of human diseases. 4. Must be associated with current research findings. 5. Must be submitted for approval prior to development of the paper (Title and half page description and rough draft of paper is due to Dr. Fentress by Monday, March 18, 2019—NO EXCEPTIONS). The paper: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Should be a review, 6 pages long including the LITERATURE CITED section. Also, a title page and table of contents must be included and are not considered part of the 6 pages. MUST BE TYPED, double spaced using 12 points font size with 1 inch margins and must not be “right justified”. Must include the scientific names of microorganisms, plants and animals written in italicis and in accordance with the binomial system of nomenclature. Should be broken up into the sub-sections including the INTRODUCTION, BODY OF THE PAPER (appropriate sub-titles), CONCLUSION, and LITERATURE CITED. Please do not use ‘THE BODY OF THE PAPER’ in your paper. Must be paginated (page numbers inserted). Can earn a maximum of 95%. The lecture Professor will announce the due date (YOUR FINAL RESEARCH PAPER is due to Dr. Fentress by Thursday, April 26, 2018— NO EXCEPTIONS). The research materials: 1. Should not be older than 6 years (i.e., 2003 till 2009 inclusive). 2. Should be preferably PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES. All utilized articles must be paraphrased (i.e., explained in your own words) to avoid plagiarism. 3. Should never be adopted internet articles meant for general public information since these are not peer-reviewed and cannot be authenticated. 4. Should de-emphasize the use of textbooks. If textbooks are consulted, no more than one should be cited. Dictionaries are not scientific research materials and not acceptable. 5. Should never include press reports from newspapers and magazines. 6. Should include a minimum of six sources. Citations: 1. 2. 3. Must be placed in the body of the paper to indicate the source of an idea, information or quoted material. Such placements should include the last name of the author(s) and the year of publication (separated by a comma) in parentheses. The following examples describe all possibilities : (a) (Inglewood, 2004) for a reference material with a single author (b) (Inglewood and Slater, 2004) for a reference material with two authors. (c) (Inglewood et al., 2004) for a reference material with more than two authors. All references in the LITERATURE CITED section must be cited in the body of the paper. Failure to properly cite a consulted material is considered PLAGIARISM. The LITERATURE CITED section: 1. Should be placed at the end of the body of the paper and should be an alphabetical list of all materials consulted. 2. The following examples illustrate the format for listing journal articles, authentic internet materials, books and titles from a book. Journal article Carlson, S. A., F. S. Frana and G. W. Ronald. 2001. Antibiotic Resistance in Salmonella enterica Serova Typhimurium Exposed to Microcin-Producing Escherichia coli. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 67(8), 3763 - 3766 Internet material No more than two citations from the internet will be accepted. In any case, the web page must be clearly and correctly cited for easy access. Every scientifically acceptable internet article must have an author that should be listed as shown below: Author and year of publication (e.g. Doe, J. 2010), The Title (e.g. Photosynthesis). Web page (e.g. http://www.worldnet/plants/ photosynthesis /html), date accessed (e.g. November 7, 2010). Book Author(s) last name, initials. Year. Title. Publisher. City and Country where published. Total number of pages in the book. Article from a book with numerous contributors Author(s) last name, initials. Year. Title of article. In: Ed(s). Editor(s) of Book. Title of Book. City and Country where published. Pages covered by article. Tip: CONSULT A RECENT ISSUE OF ANY BIOLOGICAL REVIEW JOURNAL SUCH AS BRAIN RESEARCH REVIEWS (AVAILABLE ON-LINE) BEFORE YOU START. 2 ...
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Tutor Answer

paula9
School: Duke University

Attached.

Running head: PLANT AND BACTERIA INTERACTIONS

Interactions of plants with bacteria
Student’s Name
Institution Affiliation
Professor
Date

1

PLANT AND BACTERIA INTERACTIONS
2
Table of Contents
Abstract ........................................................................................................................................... 3
Table of Contents ............................................................................................................................ 2
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 3
Scope and substance .................................................................................................................... 4
Research questions ...................................................................................................................... 5
Bacteria-plant interaction ................................................................................................................ 5
Parasitic interaction ..................................................................................................................... 5
Symbiotic interaction .................................................................................................................. 5
Physical symbiotic interactions ............................................................................................... 6
Bacteria living on the surface .................................................................................................. 7
Bacteria living inside plants. ................................................................................................... 8
Signaling between plants and bacteria ............................................................................................ 9
Effects of plant-bacteria interaction .............................................................................................. 10
Growth and development of the bacteria .................................................................................. 10
Effects of bacteria-plant interaction .............................................................................................. 11
Productivity and growth of plants ......................................................................................... 11
Plant health ............................................................................................................................ 12
Plant diversity ........................................................................................................................ 12
Survival of plant in hostile environment. .............................................................................. 12
Conclusion .................................................................................................................................... 13
Reference ...................................................................................................................................... 13

PLANT AND BACTERIA INTERACTIONS
3
Abstract
The interaction between plants and bacteria has drawn attention among researchers especially
due to the realization that its understanding could be beneficial in enhancing the productivity of
plants and crops. In these, research, we assembled various online materials especially the peer
reviewed journals and analyzed them the relevant information pertaining plant-bacteria
interactions. The research journals selected for analysis were required to have been published
within the last six years. The finding...

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Review

Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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