BIOL 1120, GENERAL BIOLOGY II, SPRING 2019
INSTRUCTIONS FOR WRITING RESEARCH PAPER
This exercise is intended to introduce students of General Biology to the art of literature survey and
scientific writing. The research paper will be evaluated on content, adherence to instructions, and style as
indicated in the syllabus.
Must be carefully chosen from topics covered in the course and answer a well
defined question(s). For example, why is PHOTOSYNTHESIS such an important process
in the ecosystem? A possible title that could answer this question would be “Energy
Conversion in the Ecosystem”.
Should be accompanied by a one half-page description of the scope and substance. Five
points will be earned if this is done correctly the first time.
Must not deal directly with the symptoms and cures of human diseases.
Must be associated with current research findings.
Must be submitted for approval prior to development of the paper (Title and half page
description and rough draft of paper is due to Dr. Fentress by Monday, March 18,
Should be a review, 6 pages long including the LITERATURE CITED section. Also, a title
page and table of contents must be included and are not considered part of the 6 pages.
MUST BE TYPED, double spaced using 12 points font size with 1 inch margins and must
not be “right justified”.
Must include the scientific names of microorganisms, plants and animals written in italicis
and in accordance with the binomial system of nomenclature.
Should be broken up into the sub-sections including the INTRODUCTION, BODY OF
THE PAPER (appropriate sub-titles), CONCLUSION, and LITERATURE CITED. Please
do not use ‘THE BODY OF THE PAPER’ in your paper.
Must be paginated (page numbers inserted).
Can earn a maximum of 95%. The lecture Professor will announce the due date (YOUR
FINAL RESEARCH PAPER is due to Dr. Fentress by Thursday, April 26, 2018—
The research materials:
Should not be older than 6 years (i.e., 2003 till 2009 inclusive).
Should be preferably PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL ARTICLES. All utilized articles
must be paraphrased (i.e., explained in your own words) to avoid plagiarism.
Should never be adopted internet articles meant for general public information since these
are not peer-reviewed and cannot be authenticated.
Should de-emphasize the use of textbooks. If textbooks are consulted, no more than one
should be cited. Dictionaries are not scientific research materials and not acceptable.
Should never include press reports from newspapers and magazines.
Should include a minimum of six sources.
Must be placed in the body of the paper to indicate the source of an idea, information or
quoted material. Such placements should include the last name of the author(s) and the year
of publication (separated by a comma) in parentheses. The following examples describe all
(Inglewood, 2004) for a reference material with a single author
(Inglewood and Slater, 2004) for a reference material with two authors.
(Inglewood et al., 2004) for a reference material with more than two authors.
All references in the LITERATURE CITED section must be cited in the body of the paper.
Failure to properly cite a consulted material is considered PLAGIARISM.
The LITERATURE CITED section:
Should be placed at the end of the body of the paper and should be an alphabetical list of all
The following examples illustrate the format for listing journal articles, authentic internet
materials, books and titles from a book.
Carlson, S. A., F. S. Frana and G. W. Ronald. 2001. Antibiotic Resistance in Salmonella enterica Serova
Typhimurium Exposed to Microcin-Producing Escherichia coli. Applied and Environmental Microbiology,
67(8), 3763 - 3766
No more than two citations from the internet will be accepted. In any case, the web page must be clearly
and correctly cited for easy access. Every scientifically acceptable internet article must have an author that
should be listed as shown below:
Author and year of publication (e.g. Doe, J. 2010), The Title (e.g. Photosynthesis). Web page (e.g.
http://www.worldnet/plants/ photosynthesis /html), date accessed (e.g. November 7, 2010).
Author(s) last name, initials. Year. Title. Publisher. City and Country where published. Total number of
pages in the book.
Article from a book with numerous contributors
Author(s) last name, initials. Year. Title of article. In: Ed(s). Editor(s) of Book. Title of Book. City and
Country where published. Pages covered by article.
CONSULT A RECENT ISSUE OF ANY BIOLOGICAL REVIEW JOURNAL SUCH AS BRAIN
RESEARCH REVIEWS (AVAILABLE ON-LINE) BEFORE YOU START.
Purchase answer to see full