PSY330 Columbia Southern Personality Development Psychology Research Paper

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Humanities

PSY330

Columbia Southern University

Description

Instructions

Many psychological theorists have stated that we first need to understand ourselves before being able to help others professionally. In Unit VII, you will be submitting a research paper describing an occurrence or theme in your own life through the lens of Abraham Maslow, discussed in Unit VII, as well as the perspective of two other theorists we have discussed previously. For example, you may describe your childhood using the language of Freud, Skinner, and Maslow to show how each would have a nuanced interpretation of your story.

For this assignment in Unit VI, introduce your preliminary ideas in one paragraph for instructor feedback, including your overall topic and the theorists you are considering for your Unit VII submission. You may also wish to include the references you are considering because two scholarly sources, of which one should come from the CSU Online Library, in addition to your textbook will be required in the Unit VII paper, though this is not required in the Unit VI submission.

This paragraph does not require a title page or references page. Simply include your name and student ID in the upper right-hand corner of the document.

Instructions

For this assignment, you will complete the research you began in Unit VI and write a three- to five-page paper on the interpretation of your story by three psychological theories we have discussed thus far, one of them being Abraham Maslow. For your Maslow material, you will want to walk through the hierarchy up to your current level of growth and consider how you have fulfilled each step of his hierarchy.

Your first two paragraphs should introduce your story, an occurrence or theme in your own life. Then you should devote approximately one page to the analysis of your story through each of your three chosen theoretical paradigms. Finally, conclude your paper with a summary in which you defend which theory offers the best conceptualization of your story. Which fits you best?

Two scholarly sources in addition to your textbook, with at least one coming from the CSU Online Library, are required for this project. Format citations and references in APA style for all sources used. Be sure to include a title page and references page.

Textbook: Frager, R., & Fadiman, J. (2013). Personality and personal growth (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

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Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Running Head: PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

Personality Development
Student’s Name
Institution
Date

1

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

2

Personality is what makes an individual different from each. Many theories talk about
character and childhood development, and one of them is Freud's psychoanalytic theory.
According to Freud's the human mind is driven by personality, according to his method he says
that character occurs in three ways the id, ego, and the superego. Abraham Maslow and his
theory of Hierarchy of needs in the approach he states that physiological foundation influence
one's achievement; thus people become motivated when they see there is the fulfilment of a need.
BF Skinner and his theory on operant conditioning state that a behavior that is followed by social
conditioning is likely to be repeated whereas behavior that is not accompanied by non-social
conditioning is likely to be less happened. He goes further and introduces reinforcement and the
effect of support where he states that a behavior that is reinforced tend to be repeated and
behavior that is not reinforced tend to be extinguished.
In BF Skinner theory he talks about two types of reinforcement the positive
reinforcement ad the negative reinforcement. In the positive reinforcement, Skinner used the
example of a rat where he placed the hungry rat on one side in the Skinner box and it would
knock the lever by accident and pellets would fall, and soon the rat learnt to go to the lever and
hit the lever (Frager, & Fadiman, 2013). Positive reinforcement will always strengthen a
behavior for example in a classroom a teacher rewards a student with 10$ for his or her excellent
performance in exams this behavior sooner or later will be repeated in the future because of
strengthening a behavior. Negative behavior is about the removal of the reinforcement. It is the
removal of adverse stimuli from a person which leads to the strengthening of conduct. For
example, if a teacher stops rewarding the usual student with 10$ for excellent performance in
exams and tells the student that he or she should reward him instead the student will perform
well to avoid the pay thus will also strengthen the student's behavior and performance in class.

PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT

3

BF Skinner in his theory also talked about punishment. Punishment is the opposite of
reinforcement where it is designed to weaken a behavior or eliminate the practice. With
punishment, it has many problems because sometimes it does not lead to desirable behavior.
Those are the basic concepts that Bf Skinner discusses in his theory. Sigmund Freud in his
approach...


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