Utilitarianism Ethical Theory Walmart Case Study Research Paper

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Question Description

Research Paper!!!

Instructions:

  1. You are to chose 1 theory from the following: 1). Ethics of Care, 2). Virtue Theory, 3). Kantian Deontology, 4). Utilitarianism.
  2. You are to pick 5 short case studies.
  3. Clearly and accurately, explain/summarize the theory you have chosen. (This is worth 40 points)
  4. Clearly and accurately, summarize each case study (This is worth 40 points) before analyzing that case study with the theory you have chosen (This is worth 40 points).
  5. Make sure your paper is well written, grammatically correct, properly punctuated etc. In other words, make sure it isreadable. This is worth 40 points.
  6. When grading these papers, the last thing I will consider is the quality of the paper: does it reflect critical thinking skills? Does the writer carefully consider the issue? Etc. This is the final 40 point.

Criteria:

Grammar, punctuation, spelling, and structure

Ethical theory is summarized and explained.

Case studies are summarized.

Ethical theory is applied to case study.

Overall quality: it reflects critical thinking skills; it is developed; it understands the ethical theory.


Unformatted Attachment Preview

More Questions and Alternative Scenarios for the Challenger Disaster Thequestion explosion the of the disaster space shuttle in January 1986The is without worst in thisChallenger nation's space program. seven astronauts aboard died, and the shuttle was grounded until it could fly safely. The explosion resulted from the failure of O-rings to seal in the booster rocket joints, apparently because of unusually low temperatures that day in Florida. The catastrophe is also remembered as a classic example of alleged retribution against whistleblowers by their employer-Morton Thiokol, Inc., maker of the shuttle's booster rockets. Some Thiokol employees were critical of the company and of NASA in their testimony before the presidential commission investigating the accident, and they believed that they were punished as a result. Most notable among these individuals was Roger Boisjoly, an engineer who for several months had voiced concerns about the O-rings and whose warnings against launching Challenger were ignored. For a year before the Challenger explosion, Boisjoly conducted research into concerns that low temperatures could compromise critical joints and seals in the shuttle's booster rockets. He advised his superiors about his concerns, but they did not view the matter with the same degree of urgency. On the evening before the Challenger liftoff, Boisjoly and other engineers opposed the launch because of the low temperature. After NASA officials objected, Thiokol senior managers overruled the engineers and authorized the flight. After the disaster, Boisjoly was initially placed on the investigating team. But after testifying before the Rogers Commission about the disagreement over launching the shuttle, his position was changed and he was isolated from NASA and the effort to redesign the seal. After the commission chairman criticized the company for what appeared to be punishment of Boisjoly and Allan McDonald, another engineer whose testimony was critical of Thiokol and NASA, both men were given their jobs back. A couple of months later, however, Boisjoly left Thiokol on extended sick leave .• Discussion Questions 1. It is generally conceded that the Thiokol engineers did what they could to prevent the Challenger launch. But did they? In view of what was at stake, did they have a moral responsibility to do more? What more could they have done? 2. Consider the following scenario: After the engineers are overruled, Boisjoly calls a major television news reporter and goes public with his concerns. The story is aired, the flight is stopped, and Boisjoly is eventually eased out of the company. How do you assess the moral character of Boisjoly's actions? Are there conditions under which a whistleblower has a moral obligation to publicize a matter outside company channels? Even ifhis or her job will be at risk? 3. Imagine that when the reporter checks with an engineer at NASA, she is told that Boisjoly is absolutely wrong and that the risk is minimal. Not having enough time to check out the facts, the reporter chooses to kill the story and tells Boisjoly of her decision. Boisjoly then calls another reporter and anonymously claims that a terrorist group has planted a bomb on the shuttle. As a rocket engineer, Boisjoly is able to convince the reporter that the threat is genuine. The story runs, the flight is postponed, and the shuttle launches safely on a warmer day. The original reporter never reveals that Boisjoly called her, and Boisjoly keeps his job. Assess the moral character ofBoisjoly's actions. Are there conditions under which a whistleblower has a moral obligation to resort to deception or law breaking? 4. Imagine that Boisjoly's original story is reported, the flight is delayed, and Boisjoly is gradually eased out of the company. The news story causes a precipitous drop in Thiokol's stock price. The price remains depressed for a year while the O-ring problem is solved. The next launch is successful, but a massive unrelated computer malfunction causes the shuttle to burn up during reentry. NASA decides to cancel such space flights for good, costing Thiokol millions of dollars and hundreds of jobs. Assess the moral character of Boisjoly's actions. Sources Boisjoly, Russell P., Ellen Foster Curtis, and Eugene Melican, "Roger Boisjoly and the Challenger Disaster: The Ethical Dimensions," Journal of Business Ethics, 8 (1989),217 -230. Rossiter, AI, Jr., "Company Sidelines Exec Who Objected to Challenger Launch," Sunday StarLedger, May 11, 1986, I, 10. L ...
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Tutor Answer

Robert__F
School: UC Berkeley

Please let me know if there is anything needs to be changed or added. I will be also appreciated that you can let me know if there is any problem or you have not received the work. Please let me know if there is anything needs to be changed or added. I will be also appreciated that you can let me know if there is any problem or you have not received the work Good luck in your study and if you need any further help in your assignments, please let me know Can you please confirm if you have received the work? Once again, thanks for allowing me to help you R

1. You are to chose 1 theory from the following: 1). Ethics of Care, 2). Virtue Theory,
3). Kantian Deontology, 4). Utilitarianism.
2. You are to pick 5 short case studies.
3. Clearly and accurately, explain/summarize the theory you have chosen. (This is
worth 40 points)
4. Clearly and accurately, summarize each case study (This is worth 40 points) before
analyzing that case study with the theory you have chosen (This is worth 40
points).
5. Make sure your paper is well written, grammatically correct, properly punctuated
etc. In other words, make sure it isreadable. This is worth 40 points.
6. When grading these papers, the last thing I will consider is the quality of the paper:
does it reflect critical thinking skills? Does the writer carefully consider the issue?
Etc. This is the final 40 point.


Running Head: ETHICAL THEORY INTO THE CASE STUDY

Ethical Theory into the Case Study
Name:
Institutional Affiliation:
Date:

1

ETHICAL THEORY INTO THE CASE STUDY

2

Ethical Theory into the Case Study
Introduction
Ethics refers to the application of the morally right decisions and behavior concerning a
given issue of concern. While attempting to apply the concepts of ethics, the affected parties
must look at the implications of the decisions taken from a moral point of view. Ethical
principles go hand in hand with the aspects of morality. Therefore, before making a decision
concerning a given issue, the p[arties involved in such a situation should consider addressing the
arising implications that such actions may bring to the surrounding or the target populations. The
primary aim of this paper revolves around the evaluation of a set of case studies based on a given
ethical theory or model. The application of the ethical theory selected basis its arguments from
the nature of the incidents in the context.
Ethical theory selected
This paper focuses on the evaluation of the presented case studies on the lens of the
utilitarianism ethical theory. Using this theory will play a critical part in forming the ultimate
foundation for making morally as well as ethically right decisions based on the presented
situations. After considering the basics of ethics, one can c0onfirm that the underlying principles
seek to provide the population and the affected parties with an excellent platform for making
morally right decisions. Utilitarianism refers to an ethical theory or model that basis its
arguments and principles on the outcomes obtained from a given situation. In this case,
Utilitarianism focuses primarily on the results of a given decision or set fo actions taken by the
respective parties. Based on the principle, it follows that this theory or model seeks to provide
the final judgment about a given issue focused and driven by the results that such a situation

ETHICAL THEORY INTO THE CASE STUDY

3

brings (Hinman, 2012). One of the most vital points to note about this theory involves the
notions that Utilitarianism focuses and promotes results that favor not just a few individuals but
the higher population in the community. The ethical or morality of a decision in this case,
therefore, is based on the effects of the results achieved in the long run to th...

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Anonymous
Thanks, good work

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