Running head: HISTORY ESSAY
The world wars were different from pre-1914 wars base on the number of nations
involved, the extent of war, geopolitical differences, and war consequences. World wars had
detrimental implication to the world at large, thus referred to as total war. The following are the
distinct differences between world wars and pre-1914 wars.
First and second world wars were influenced by global political and economic conflict,
thus involved the majority of the world's nations. The world wars were the most costly and
extensive armed conflict throughout the history of the world conflict with fighting occurring
across Europe, Mediterranean Sea, Africa, Asia, China, Middle East, and Atlantic Ocean
(Mulligan, 2017). However, the pre-1914 wars were mainly internal and were based on a
country's social political, and economic environment. Nevertheless, was no pre-1914 war that
mobilized so many soldiers compared to the first and Second World War. A huge number of
troops were involved in warfare. This is because many countries were involved as compared to
the wars before 1914. In addition, there was the use of chemical weapons for the first time during
the First World War (Glatzer, 2019). Unlike the pre-1914 war, large scale civilian massacre
prevailed during the First World War and the Second World War. As a total war, there was the
massive bombing of civilians RADAR, jet aircraft, and nuclear weapons. In the end, about fiftyseven million people died due to world war. World war is referred to as total war since nations’
entire population and resources were mobilized and prioritized to facilitate the war effort
(Mulligan, 2017). The population was conscripted into the military. Women were working in
heavy industries and munitions factories.
First and second world wars were extensive and had profound long-lasting implications
than pre-1914 wars. The world war shaped the modern world by influencing the creation of civil
rights by sparking a social movement. Moreover, it influences the right to free speech.
The cold war (1945-1991) was influenced by the strained relationship between the USSR
and the US with their respective alli...