is it important for psychology professionals to have an understanding of
developmental psychology even if they do not work specifically with
Erikson, and Vygotsky are important theorists in developmental psychology.
In your own words, describe briefly the focal point that each theorist
places on childhood development. Be sure to provide actual terms and key
words used by each theorist.
Professor and fellow classmates,
Threw unit one developmental psychology and the importance of the field with
the many areas are discussed. In this week's discussion board questions expand
on these topics.
1. Why is it important for psychology professionals to have an understanding of
developmental psychology even if they do not work specifically with children?
Psychology professionals have to have an understanding of developmental
psychology "scientific study of changes in human behaviors and mental
activities as they occur over a lifetime" (Bukatko, 2008, p.4), weather
they work with children or adults, since every single person starts out the
same way no matter the cultural background. This information helps psychology
professionals form treatment plans for their clients threw out their
2. Piaget, Erikson, and Vygotsky are important theorists in developmental
psychology. In your own words, describe briefly the focal point that each
theorist places on childhood development.
Piaget's focal points placed on childhood development include four stages
"Sensorimotor (Birth until 1½–2 years), Preoperational (1½–7 years),
Concrete operational (7-11 years), and Formal Operational (11 years and
above)" (Bukatko, 2008, p.22). During each stage the child develops at the
same rate and stages threw out differing cultures.
Erikson focused on psychosocial theory that includes eight stages of
development " basic trust vs. mistrust (birth-1 year), autonomy vs. shame
and doubt (1-3), Initiative vs. guilt (3-6), industry vs. inferiority
(6 years to puberty), indentity vs. indentity confusion (puberty to
adulthood), Intimacy vs. isolation (young adulthood), generativity vs.
stagnation (middle adulthood), and integrity vs. despair (old age)"
(Bukatko, 2008, p.26). Erikson theorized that people deal with the demands on
them from society threw each of these stages threw out life.
Vygotsky forced his work in childhood development on sociohistorical theory
"emphasizes the unique collective wisdom compiled by a culture and
transmitted to the child through ongoing, daily interactions with the more
knowledgeable members of that society" (Bukatko, 2008, p.30); as well the
dynamic systems theory and ethological theory.
Each Piaget, Erikson, and Vygotsky has points in each of their work within
developmental psychology on childhood development. Taken together the greatest
understanding of how and why a person develops in to the person they are helps
professionals in all fields of social services such as psychology, psychiatry, and
Thank you for reviewing this first discussion board post. I look forward to
reading your feedback and continuing the discussion.
Bukatko, D. (2008). Child and adolescent
development. A chronological approach. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.