PFA Assignment i need a good tutor. it is an easy task look at the uploaded document.

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PFA Assignment i need a good tutor. it is an easy task look at the uploaded document.I need a good tutor who will dothis work in the shortest time possible.

have a look at the attached files using the case study provided thank you

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MARKING RUBRIC NURS2003 Assignment 2 – Written Paper: Case Study Student Name: Performance standard Assessment criteria Detailed explanation of the pathophysiology in relation to the primary illness/disease of the patient in the scenario. This includes the identification and discussion of three (3) relevant signs/symptoms of the patient in the scenario. Explanation of three (3) pharmacological (medication) interventions, including the ADME principles of each medication of the patient in the scenario along with a discussion of how they would improve the condition of the patient in the clinical scenario. Critical thinking and use of clinical rationale. Explains the links between pathophysiology and pharmacology context and theory. Achieved/High Standard (Distinction to High Distinction) Area for Improvement/Good to satisfactory (Pass to Credit) Below standard/Missing or Not Achieved (Fail) Excellent understanding of the pathophysiology of the patient in terms of their primary diagnosis and the identification of three relevant signs and symptoms displayed in the scenario. This will be demonstrated through accurate, highly relevant information provided with clear, succinct detailing of the illness/disease pathogenesis. There is a reasonable understanding of the pathophysiology of the patient in terms of their primary diagnosis and at least two relevant signs and symptoms are identified. There are generalised links made in elements of the paper, with some details questionable, absent or incorrect. There are areas that are unclear or not succinct and there are inaccuracies in some of the information presented. There is minimal understanding demonstrated in terms of the pathophysiology of the patient’s condition. There is only one (1) relevant sign/symptom identified and there is no demonstrated ability to clearly and succinctly link the signs and symptoms to the patient’s diagnosis. There was minimal application of knowledge applied with a number of key concepts not identified and discussed. Accurate, highly relevant explanation of three pharmacological interventions and their link to the signs and symptoms of the patient’s diagnosis. There is a clear link between the interventions and the diagnosis/signs/symptoms that would indicate improvement of the patient in the case presented with a very clear, succinct understanding of why they could improve as part of the pharmacological management of the illness/disease. Generalised linking of three pharmacological interventions to the specific case study that would indicate improvement of the patient in the case presented. Information has adequate relevance, but some details related to the principles of ADME are absent, or incorrect. Generalised understanding of why signs/symptoms improve as part of the pharmacological management of the illness/disease are demonstrated with some details absent or incorrect. Student unable to clearly and succinctly link the pharmacology to the three signs/symptoms and diagnosis of the patient. Unable to clearly link how the pharmacology would lead to improvement of the patient. Poor knowledge demonstrated of why signs/symptoms improved as part of the pharmacological management of the illness/disease. Information missing or irrelevant. Excellent clarity of thought and linking of pharmacology context and theory together, which is integrated throughout the paper. Generalised clarity of thought and linking of pharmacology context and theory together. Superficial attempt at integrating reasoning throughout the paper. Poor description/rationale as to linking of pharmacology context and theory together. Information is missing and is not logical. MARKING RUBRIC NURS2003 Assignment 2 – Written Paper: Case Study Writing style Referencing Mark / Grade Date Name of marker Overall comment The paper flows well, it is easy to read and follow the sequence of ideas. No spelling or grammatical errors throughout the paper and it is correctly formatted. No more than 5 spelling or grammatical errors through paper. Paper is mostly logical with minor errors in sequencing evident. Multiple spelling and or grammatical errors throughout paper. Student is unclear throughout the paper with no logical signposting of ideas. Citations of literature are well integrated into writing. Referencing consistently follows the APA (6th edn) system. Significant peer reviewed journal articles are used to support all claims in the paper where relevant. Some citations of literature are not well integrated into writing. Referencing mostly follows the APA (6th edn) system. Significant peer reviewed journal articles are used to support most claims but some evidence is missing. Does not meet the minimum number of references for the paper. Incorrect/or inconsistent use of APA (6th edn) with citations of literature poorly or not at all integrated into the paper. There is minimal use of academic literature to support claims made in the paper. MARKING RUBRIC NURS2003 Assignment 2 – Written Paper: Case Study Pass Level (P) The grade will be awarded where there is evidence that a student has demonstrated at least an adequate level of knowledge/ understanding/ competencies/ skills required for meeting topic outcomes and satisfactorily completing essential assessment exercises. A score in the range of 50-64 will be awarded. Credit (CR) The grade will be awarded where there is evidence that a student has demonstrated a sound level of knowledge/ understanding/ competencies/ skills required for meeting topic outcomes at a proficient standard. The student would normally have attained a sound knowledge of matter contained in set texts or reading materials and have done wider reading, and demonstrated familiarity with and the ability to apply a range of major academic debates, approaches, methodologies and conceptual tools. Students should have a reasonable opportunity of reaching this grade provided they have completed all course requirements, demonstrated proficiency in the full range of course outcomes and shown considerable evidence of a sound capacity to work with the range of relevant subject matter. A score in the range of 65-74 will be awarded. Distinction (DN) The grade will be awarded where there is evidence that a student has demonstrated advanced knowledge/ understanding/ competencies/ skills required for meeting topic outcomes and completing assessment exercises at a high standard. The student would normally have attained an advanced understanding of and have demonstrated a broad familiarity with and facility at applying a range of major academic debates, approaches, methodologies and conceptual tools. The grade should reflect very high quality work which shows the student generally works at a level which is beyond the requirements of the topic outcomes and is developing a capacity for original and creative thinking. A score in the range of 75-84 will be awarded. MARKING RUBRIC NURS2003 Assignment 2 – Written Paper: Case Study High Distinction (HD) The grade will be awarded where there is evidence that a student demonstrated the acquisition of an advanced level of knowledge/understanding/competencies/skills required for meeting topic outcomes and passing the range of topic elements at the highest level. The student would normally have attained an in-depth knowledge of and have consistently demonstrated a high level of proficiency at applying a range of major academic debates, approaches, methodologies and conceptual tools and combining knowledge of the subject matter of the topic with original and creative thinking. The grade will be awarded in recognition of the highest level of academic achievement expected of a student at a given topic level. A score in the range of 85-100 will be awarded. Fail (F) The grade will be awarded if a student is unable to demonstrate satisfactory academic performance in the topic or has failed to complete essential topic elements of required assessment exercises at an acceptable level, in accordance with topic outcomes. A score in the range of 0 – 49 will be awarded Clinical Scenario 2 – Benji Smith Benji is an 11-year-old boy with asthma diagnosed at age 7. His usual asthma treatment is salbutamol 2 puffs prn. For the last week Benji has been experiencing an upper respiratory tract infection (bacterial) with unresolved cough and breathlessness. He has been taking cough syrup and salbutamol 2 puffs every 4 hours but this has not improved his symptoms. Admission to the ED Benji presented to hospital with a moderate exacerbation of asthma. On presentation he was speaking in phrases and had an audible wheeze. His mother who was also present provided a history of Benji’s asthma. Both Benji and his mother initially reported that Benji was well until he caught a cold. However, when probing specifically about his asthma symptoms and overall control Benji acknowledged that he had difficulty playing sport especially during his soccer games on Saturdays; he wheezed and coughed when laughing, he avoided running around with his mates to prevent symptoms. 30 minutes after admission Benji’s mother alerts medical staff to assist as Benji appears to be in increased distressed with increased agitation/distress, tracheal tug and moderate accessory muscle use is tachycardic and is only able to speak in single words with great difficulty. Admission observations Temperature 38.6 degrees C Pulse rate 110 beats per minute Respiratory rate 24 breaths per minute SpO2 94% on room air 30 Minutes post admission Temperature 38.4 degrees C Pulse rate 130 beats per minute Respiratory rate 30 breaths per minute SpO2 90% on air Medical orders Salbutamol 100 µg 12 puffs via a metered dose inhaler (MDI) 20 minutely for 3 times Oral Prednisolone 1mg/kg (maximum 60mg) initially continuing for 1 – 2 days If SpO2 under 93% administer 2L of oxygen Ipratropium 8 puffs (20µg/puff) - immediately after each Salbutamol dose via spacer (20 minutely for 3 times). NURS2003 Pathophysiology & Pharmacology 2019 Assessment 2: Written Paper - Case Study Mode of submission: Online through FLO Graded Weighting: 30% Length: 2000 words +/- 10% - markers will stop marking this assignment at 10% over the stated word length. Due date: Friday 8th February - 11am Assignment 2: Exploration of Pathophysiology and Pharmacology Relating to a Case • • • The case study to be submitted by each student will be one of two provided during the first tutorial class and will be allocated to each student by their class tutor. Assignment to be constructed in a logical format displaying an understanding & application of knowledge learned. Please pay attention to the marking rubric and ensure your paper covers all of the areas listed. Assessment Preparation • • • • Read the assignment question, guidelines, and the marking rubric carefully. This assessment focuses on the clinical knowledge and critical thinking you have gained in the topic and your ability to apply it using critical thinking. You need to demonstrate that you understand the concepts of Pathophysiology and Pharmacology and their effects on the human body. The use of headings is accepted and encouraged in this topic. Please set out your assignment clearly as it makes it much easier for tutors to read and assess your work accurately. Assessment Criteria Detailed explanation of Pathophysiology and Pharmacology related to the case patient • • • • Demonstrate a clear understanding of the pathophysiology of the patient in the case study. Identify the correct anatomy and physiology of the disease of the patient in the case study and link this to the pathophysiology behind the disease of the patient in the case study. Demonstrate a clear understanding of the pharmacology prescribed to the patient in the case study. Discuss the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of the pharmacology for the patient in the case study. Explanation of three (3) signs/symptoms the case presented. Discussion of (3) medications related to the Pathophysiology of the patient in the case patient. • • • • • • Identify three (3) appropriate signs/symptoms as related to the patient in the case study. Accurately explain these three (3) signs/symptoms as related to the patient in the case study. Display a clear, succinct understanding of the signs/symptoms and their connection to the pathophysiology of disease as appropriate to the patient in the case study. Identify three (3) relevant pharmacological (medications) interventions as presented in the case study. Accurately explain these three (3) medications as related to the patient in the case study. Display a clear, succinct understanding of the signs/symptoms and their connection to the pharmacology of disease as appropriate to the patient in the case study - including discussion regarding ADME. NURS2003 Pathophysiology & Pharmacology 2019 Assessment 2: Written Paper - Case Study Critical Thinking and Rationale • • • • This will be demonstrated throughout the Case Study (not a separate paragraph/section). Provide clear rationales that support the links between the pathophysiology and pharmacology of the case study. Apply these rationales to the context and theory related to evidence-based practice (EBP). Support rationales with appropriate theory as displayed through the academic literature. Writing Style • • • • This paper is NOT an essay - no introduction or conclusion is required. The paper is easy to read and is clear and correctly formatted. The paper follows a logical sequence of ideas. No or very few spelling or grammatical errors throughout the paper. It has been carefully proof-read. Referencing • • • • • Referencing must be in line with the School’s referencing guidelines (APA referencing guide). Reference lists will not count towards the word total – but ‘in-text’ citation is included in the word count. References from consumer-based websites & Wikipedia WILL NOT be accepted, this includes but not limited to: o MyDR o Better Health Channel o Health Direct o WebMD Please seek clarification from your tutor if you are uncertain as to whether a referencing source is reliable. Minimum twelve (12) credible references are EXPECTED to be used including a mix of textbooks, websites & evidence-based literature. ANY BREACHES IN ACADEMIC INTEGRITY WILL BE IDENTIFIED AND ACTIONED, RESULTING IN THE STUDENT BEING PLACED ON THE ‘ACADEMIC INTEGRITY REGISTER’ WHICH MAY AFFECT FURTHER STUDY ...
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Dr_WareM
School: Rice University

Attached.

Running head: PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF ASTHMA

Pathophysiology and Pharmacology of Asthma
Student’s name
Institutional affiliation

1

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY OF ASTHMA

2

Pathophysiology and Pharmacology of Asthma
Benji Smith is an eleven-year-old boy who was diagnosed with asthma at the age of 7.
Asthma is a disorder that causes an inflammation of the airways. When the airways swell, it
limits passage of air, respiratory symptoms, and airway hyper-responsiveness. These symptoms
vary among patients (Moulton & Fryer, 2011).
Some patients can have a change in the airway structure such as excessive secretion of
mucus, angiogenesis, hypertrophy, sub-basement fibrosis and injury on the epithelial cells. The
expression of asthma is highly influenced by the environment. Any respiratory infection cause
make asthma become severe in an individual (Austen & Lichtenstein, 2013). Asthma expresses
itself differently among individuals land therefore, it is important for the clinicians to critically
asses Benji in order to have a better understanding of the illness.
Pathophysiology of asthma
In the case study, Benji has started to experience breathing problems. That caused him to
speak fluently and also had an audible wheeze. That is an indication that the airflow to his lungs
was limited. The limitation may be caused by the following factors:
Bronchoconstriction
This is a physiological event that causes a constriction of the airway. If asthma has
graduated to an acute level, a...

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