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Effects of Religious or Political Agendas on the Development of the Muslim World
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According to the Islamic faith, religion affects every aspect of a person’s life. It is not
only necessary at certain times and not others. Faith is not only meant to be seen as necessary
when one celebrates certain aspects of life or on specific days of the week. The Islamic faith is
seen as a way of life which should dictate all aspects of a Muslim’s life whether at the market
place, at home or at the mosque. It is a faith which should dictate the way a person lives his or
her life. It influences and directs every area of human existence. As a result, religion and politics
are seen as being closely knit together in the practice of Islam. The religious and political
agendas of the inhabitants play a very important role in the development of the Muslim world 1.
This article looks at the ways in which these political and religious agendas of the inhabitants
have affected the development of the Islamic faith in the Islam dominated regions.
Islamic Religious and Political Leaders
In the beginning, the Islam faith did not have a clear separation of faith and religion. In
fact, they see them as being complementary to each other. This view was started early on during
the origins of Islam when Prophet Muhammad was seen both as a religion and political leader.
After his migration to Medina from Mecca, Muhammad insisted that he should be seen both as
the prophet and who had been sent by God and also as the political leader for the people who
could be involved in resolving disputes that the people faced at that time2. Additionally, he was
viewed by members of his community as the supreme authority in matters related to faith and
1 Kaltner, J. (2006). What do I our neighbors believe: Questions and answers on Judaism,
Christianity, and Islam. Explorefaith.
2 Meddeb, H., Colombo, S., Dalacoura, K., Kamel, L., & Roy, O. (2017). Religion and politics.
Religious diversity, political fragmentation and geopolitical tensions in the MENA
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also as a political leader or statesman who had a key role in shaping the communities or the
Muslim ummah. The leaders who ruled after Muhammad followed the same trend by being both
religious and political leaders in the communities where they ruled.
Muhammad had several successes during his time. He created laws that form the basis of
Islamic values to date. The laws that were pertaining to inheritance, divorce, and marriages were
all aimed at reforming the customs at the time. He is it the prophet who introduced the law that
allowed the number of wives that a man could marry to four but subject to ensuri...