World War 1 and Disputed Settlement Paper

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Topic: World War 1 & Disputed Settlement

Please write 8 pages paper about my topic with minimum 10 secondary sources (6 books and 4 journal articles)

I already did Annotated Bibliography for 5 sources you can use them for the paper + adding 5 sources more

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You can look some for 10 new sources

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1 Name Institution Instructor Date Annotated Bibliography: World War 1 & Disputed Settlement TOWNEND, D. (2014). 1914: The day World war one broke out... how we reported the outbreak 100 years ago. While there are many interpretations as to the causes of the First World War, in the opinion of Townend, the assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Serbian rebels is seen as the main reason that started the war. The assassination sparked outrage from Austria, who supported by Hungary sent an ultimatum to Serbia with very harsh terms. With the terms on the table, and convinced that Austria and Hungary were up in arms readying for war, Serbia appealed to Russia to assist them. Germany had an obligation to support Austria stemming from their Dual alliance pact. With the entrance of Russia and Germany, Belgium, France and the Great Britain joined in. the battle lines were already drawn with both teams pitting Russia, Belgium, France, Great Britain and Serbia on one side, and Germany and Austria-Hungary on the other, otherwise referred to as the triple alliance. John Graham Royde-Smith, D. E. (2019). World War 1. According to John Graham, whereas there was an ongoing naval arms race between Great Britain and Germany, with each trying to be superior, coupled by Germany’s success in the FrancoGerman war, and further the assassination of the Austrian archduke Franz Ferdinand, the first world war was inevitable. He feels that, between August 5th and 28th , 1914, there were various declarations of wars between the states, and this culminated to the total war, later that year, pitting the allied powers (Russia, France, Great Britain, Belgium and Serbia) against the Triple alliance (Germany, AustriaHungary) 2 Lang, O. (2010). Why has Germany taken so long to pay off its WW1 debt. BBC News . According to Lang, at the end of the First World War, the allied powers had won, and therefore the triple alliance powers had to pay reparations for the war. The victors of the war mainly established that Germany was guilty for the inception of the war and therefore had to pay a high price. Germany were not in agreement with the high sum that they were to pay as reparations for the war, and this has been said to have been the contributing factor towards the second world war. With the economic unrest, having used government funding during the war, Germany could not pay the reparations, and this stretched on until 2010 when it finally paid off the remaining World War 1 reparations. He also continues that although that was mainly just an economic provision towards ensuring that they paid for instigating the world war, other forms of reparations included punitive, territorial, and military provisions aimed at minimizing its instigation of another war. Doepke, M., Hazan, M., & Maoz, Y. D. (2015). The baby boom and World War II: A macroeconomic analysis. The Review of Economic Studies, 82(3), 1031-1073. With the numerous casualties of the First World War, the Doepke established that there had to be a solution which would ensure future peace. That solution was rested in the hands of the Covenant of the League of Nations, formed in 1920. This was an agreement among world leaders aimed at achieving world peace. The main objectives of this covenant were to prevent world wars through disarmament, since it was viewed that the naval arms race was one of the main reasons for the First World War as Doepke established. Spykman, N. J. (2017). America's strategy in world politics: the United States and the balance of power. Routledge. Spykman posited that, promoting international peace and by extension achievement of international peace and security was the prerogative of the League of Nations at its formation in 1920. However, the covenant collapse was imminent when it failed to prevent the outbreak of the Second World War. This is one of the biggest reasons why the covenant is christened as an international legal failure. The Germans viewed this covenant as a tool by the allied powers, towards controlling them, and as such led by Adolf Hitler, ignited the Second World War. 3 References Doepke, M., Hazan, M., & Maoz, Y. D. (2015). The baby boom and World War II: A macroeconomic analysis. The Review of Economic Studies, 82(3), 1031-1073. John Graham Royde-Smith, D. E. (2019). World War 1. Lang, O. (2010). Why has Germany taken so long to pay off its WW1 debt. BBC News . Spykman, N. J. (2017). America's strategy in world politics: the United States and the balance of power. Routledge. TOWNEND, D. (2014). 1914: The day World war one broke out... how we reported the outbreak 100 years ago. ...
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School: Cornell University

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Running Head: WORLD WAR 1 & DISPUTED SETTLEMENT

World War 1 & Disputed Settlement

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WORLD WAR 1 & DISPUTED SETTLEMENT

The First World War was bound to happen, and begun as gradual development of conflict that
was heightened by the assassination of an Austrian Franz Ferdinand in June 28 1914. The July
crisis in 1914 involved diplomatic negotiations that aimed to bring about a compromise between
and among conflicting sides. Ideological differences, the race for power and supremacy, and
industrialization contributed to differences among states that led to tension. In the period prior to
the First world war, there was a wave of nationalism and militarism that made countries prepared
for war (Townend,2014). The First World War could not be avoided because it was a new
phenomenon. The war was the first Great War in history, and resulted from diplomatic failures
(David, 1991). The nature of diplomacy prior to the First World War had no power to calm
down tensions and conflict to come up with a compromise. The assassination of the Archduke in
Austria was a trigger for war that was deep rooted further than the assassination. The attitudes
towards war before the Great War made it difficult for diplomacy to avoid war. Winning of wars
was viewed as might and national power. The struggles for supremacy and acquisition of
territories motivated nations to participate in war and to show case their might.
The attitude of Germany showed interest in war (Keagan, 2012). The statement that the
world war was inevitable, and even the attempts of July 1914 to diplomatically calm situations
had no power is indeed true. The height of tension between states at the onset of the First World
War involved militarizing and development of strategies of war. Nations had a motive to
participate in war; therefore, nothing at that time had the power to change the situation.
Diplomacy during the buildup of the First World War was more about extremes rather than
compromise because powerful states exacted their influence. The nature of diplomacy in 1914,
especially the July crisis had very little effect on the fate of the conflict between nations. In the
buildup of war, there was grouping of states, and formation of alliances that made some group of

WORLD WAR 1 & DISPUTED SETTLEMENT

countries enemies of others. Imperialism was a common issue in the period before the First
World War, therefore, countries were motivated to get into war so as to conquer other lands and
show might. War was viewed positively in Europe in the period before the Great War; this is
because there was no previous experience of a war that involved numerous states and
sophisticated weapons. The July crisis rose from the assassination of an Austrian Archduke by a
Serbian and brought tensions all over Europe. The inevitability of the First World War was a
result of diplomatic failure because of poor communication among different states in Europe.
Diplomacy in 1914, especially during the July crisis involved a lot of coercion and ultimatums
that led to failure and divisions. The failure of diplomatic actions during the Jul crisis was also
inevitable because there was wide involvement of different countries with different interests.
The main participants in the First World War were Germany, Britain, France and Russia. Events
in history made countries to be well prepared for war, for example, in the early 1900s there was
significantly high industrial revolution in Europ...

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Anonymous
Tutor went the extra mile to help me with this essay. Citations were a bit shaky but I appreciated how well he handled APA styles and how ok he was to change them even though I didnt specify. Got a B+ which is believable and acceptable.

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