ENG1302 Richland Rhetorical Appeals In The Declaration Of Independence

Richland College

Question Description

For this paper, you need to real the article " declaration of independence" as I have provided in the attachment section. You also need to read the writing prompt as provided below. The paper should be of 3 pages + 1 citation page. The paper should be in MLA form. the paper should meet all the requirements as mentioned in the writing prompt. It is a review paper of an article "declaration of independence" in which we are going to evaluate how the author has used appeals and how he has organized the article and whether the article is good for the publications or not.

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Rhetorical Appeals Analysis Essay Activity 1# Prewriting For this paper, you will analyze the rhetorical appeals of a writer and evaluating the effectiveness of those appeals in terms of North Texas Daily readers. Your audience will be the North Texas Daily opinion editor. The purpose of rhetorical analysis is to understand how texts work to sway readers. As part of your initiation into an academic discourse community, you will need to learn the discourse conventions of your major field of study (e.g., common topics, distinctive vocabulary, field specific values, backgrounds of participants, etc.) and understand how those conventions work to influence people in the field. The primary way you will learn these conventions is by immersing yourself in the field’s textual conversations and thinking critically about the way written language functions to establish, communicate, and disseminate field-specific knowledge. The purpose of this paper, then, is to give you practice reading the work of a writer engaged in a textual conversation you’re not yet familiar with, analyzing the rhetorical moves that writer makes, and considering how those rhetorical moves will be received by readers. Invention In rhetorical studies, invention refers to the systematic search for ideas that can be shaped into an effective composition. (The term “prewriting” is sometimes used to refer to the concept of invention.) This section of the assignment, then, is designed to help you generate the required content for your Rhetorical Analysis. Please note that the following steps are not intended to serve as an outline for your paper. Rather, these steps will help you produce the “raw materials” that you will then refine into a well-organized analysis, and these steps are likely to produce more material than you can actually use in the draft you submit to readers. 1. Your editor will need to know the author’s central claim. 2. Your editor also needs to know what reasons the author is providing to support his/her central claim. In order to identify the author’s supporting reasons, imagine that you could ask the writer in person: • “Why do you believe that [central claim]?” Based on the information in the article, how do you think the writer would answer? Would the writer reply with just one reason, or would there be many? If there would be many, what would they be? Please note that inventional steps 3-6 will generate the majority of content for your Rhetorical Analysis because this is where you analyze and evaluate the article’s effectiveness with North Texas Daily readers. To produce such an analysis/evaluation, draw on your knowledge of the North Texas Community (e.g., well-educated, intellectually curious, ethnically and politically diverse, etc.). Use empathy and imagination to put yourself in the shoes of readers and make judgments about how they will respond to various rhetorical appeals and why they will respond in the way you predict. Do not worry about whether your predictions of reader response are entirely accurate. You will not be assessed on whether your predictions are “right” but on how well you justify your predictions. In other words, you will be assessed on the reasonableness and depth of your descriptions of how readers will respond and why they will respond in the way you describe. 3. Your editor will want to know whether the author provides evidence for his/her reasons and whether that evidence will prove convincing to North Texas Daily readers. Ask yourself the following questions: • Will North Texas Daily readers believe the author’s reasons are true automatically? (If so, then there’s no reason for the writer to provide evidence.) If not, does the writer provide evidence to support his/her reasons? If so, is this evidence sufficient to convince North Texas Daily readers that the author’s reasons are true? 4. Your editor will want to know whether the author addresses potential opponents. Ask yourself the following questions: • Does the author anticipate objections to parts of his/her argument? If so, does the author represent opponents fairly or set up straw men? Does the author concede certain points to opponents? Does the author provide a convincing reply to opponents? 5. The previous four inventional steps will help you analyze and evaluate the writer’s logos appeals, but your editor will also want to know about the author’s ethos appeals. Ask yourself the following questions: • Do the author’s credentials make his/her claims more credible? Does the author seem knowledgeable and well-informed on the topic? Does the author consider alternate viewpoints and treat opponents with respect? Does the author seem to have the audience’s best interests at heart? Does the author draw on values he/she shares with the audience? 6. Your editor will also be interested in the author’s pathos appeals. Ask yourself the following questions: • Does the author evoke emotions in North Texas readers that are likely to help his/her case? Does the author evoke sensations in North Texas readers that will make the writing seem vivid? Does the author draw on values possessed by the North Texas community? Activity 2: Drafting the Rhetorical Appeals Analysis Essay 1. Once you’ve completed the prewriting worksheet, you should have a clear sense of how the article will be received by North Texas Daily readers. Now you’re ready to determine whether you will recommend the article for publication and why. The opinion editor is not overly concerned with whether readers will be convinced by the author’s argument. Rather, the editor wants articles that readers will find interesting and thought provoking. Ask yourself the following questions: • Is the article sufficiently nuanced, complex, and well-argued to engage North Texas Daily readers? Is the topic of the article relevant to the North Texas community? Will North Texas Daily readers learn anything from the article? Is the article’s argument controversial enough to elicit a range of responses from North Texas Daily readers? Based on your answers to these questions, develop a claim for or against publication and provide reasons for your decision. You will then support this thesis throughout the course of your analysis, as you break down the article and explain how it will be received by North Texas Daily readers. 2. You yourself must also make effective ethos appeals so that you come across to your editor as a person of good character, good sense, and good will. To make effective ethos appeals, make sure you: • know what you’re talking about. Make sure you read the article deeply and thoroughly, and provide sufficient evidence to support your claim for or against publication. • show regard for your editor. Try to come across as approachable and thoughtful, not arrogant or insensitive. • are careful and meticulous in your writing, not sloppy or disorganized. 3. Finally, make pathos appeals to your editor by connecting with her/his emotions, values, and imagination. To make effective pathos appeals, make sure you mix standard written English with “the kinds of expressions and turns of phrase that you use every day when texting or conversing with family and friends”. You should adopt a slightly more formal style than in your first paper because now you’re practicing a type of professional writing. • evoke emotions (sympathy, outrage, anger, delight, awe, horror, etc.) in your editor that make your paper more moving. • evoke sensations (seeing, hearing, touching, tasting, smelling) in your editor that make your writing vivid and help her/him experience things imaginatively. • appeal to values (freedom, justice, tolerance, fairness, equality, etc.) that your editor and you share. 4. Arrangement: In rhetorical studies, arrangement refers to the selection of content generated during the inventional stage and the organization of that content into an effective composition. To begin your paper, you need to indicate clearly not only what his or her thesis is, but also what larger conversation that thesis is responding to”. In this case, the conversation you’re responding to is simply the one initiated by your editor’s request. Indicate at the beginning of your paper—before you state your thesis—that you’re writing in response to that request. Once you stated your thesis,, readers always need to know what is at stake in a text and why they should care. . . . Rather than assume that audiences will know why your claims matter, you need to answer the ‘so what?’ and ‘who cares?’ questions up front. Even though you’re writing at your editor’s request, you can still make your analysis more significant by explaining why it is important for North Texas Daily to publish—or not to publish—the article you’re analyzing. . After you’ve completed these introductory moves, the arrangement of your analysis is up to you. 5 You should include material from each step in the inventional stage, but your selection and organization of that material should follow your own judgment as to what will prove most effective with your editor. 6. Style: In rhetorical studies, style refers to the appropriate language or word choices for the occasion, subject matter, and audience. You should adopt a slightly more formal style than in your first paper because you’re writing in a professional setting. At the same time, this paper falls into the category of an inner-office memo not intended for publication, so you need not adopt the highest level of formality. Readers appreciate coherent, unified paragraphs, even when reading an informal piece of writing. Your paragraphs should include a topic sentence that clearly states the main idea of the paragraph and supporting sentences that cluster around the main idea without detours. Proofread carefully; avoid errors in grammar, spelling, punctuation, and mechanics. Visit the Purdue OWL website ( for questions you have regarding style. *** Other Requirements: Your paper should be no longer than five pages—anything beyond that length will be considered a failure to adhere to one of the assignment’s basic requirements. It should be double-spaced, typed in Times New Roman font, with 12-point character size and one-inch margins all the way around. Draft due ( ); Final Due ( ) Declaration of Independence IN CONGRESS, July 4, 1776. The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America, When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.— That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed,— That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shewn, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.— Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let Facts be submitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good. He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them. He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only. He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures. He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people. He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within. He has endeavoured to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands. He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers. He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries. He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance. He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures. He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power. He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation: For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us: For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States: For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world: For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent: For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury: For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies: For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments: For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever. He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us. He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people. He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy of the Head of a civilized nation. He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands. He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions. In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people. Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which, would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends. We, therefore, the Representatives of the united States of America, in General Congress, Assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, do, in the Name, and by Authority of the good People of these Colonies, solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain, is and ought to be totally dissolved; and that as Free and Independent States, they have full Power to levy War, conclude Peace, contract Alliances, establish Commerce, and to do all other Acts and Things which Independent States may of right do. And for the support of this Declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our sacred Honor. [The 56 signatures on the Declaration were arranged in six columns:] [Column 1] Georgia: Button Gwinnett Lyman Hall George Walton [Column 2] North Carolina: William Hooper Joseph Hewes John Penn South Carolina: Edward Rutledge Thomas Heyward, Jr. Thomas Lynch, Jr. Arthur Middleton [Column 3] Massachusetts: John Hancock Maryland: Samuel Chase William Paca Thomas Stone Charles Carroll of Carrollton Virginia: George Wythe Richard Henry Lee Thomas Jefferson Benjamin Harrison Thomas Nelson, Jr. Francis Lightfoot Lee Carter Braxton [Column 4] Pennsylvania: Robert Morris Benjamin Rush Benjamin Franklin John Morton George Clymer James Smith George Taylor James Wilson George Ross Delaware: Caesar Rodney George Read Thomas McKean [Column 5] New York: William Floyd Philip Livingston Francis Lewis Lewis Morris New Jersey: Richard Stockton John Witherspoon Francis Hopkinson John Hart Abraham Clark [Column 6] New Hampshire: Josiah Bartlett William Whipple Massachusetts: Samuel Adams John Adams Robert Treat Paine Elbridge Gerry Rhode Island: Stephen Hopkins William Ellery Connecticut: Roger Sherman Samuel Huntington William Williams Oliver Wolcott New Hampshire: Matthew Thornton ...
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Final Answer

Hi, please see the attached paper. Have a look at it and in case of any edit, please let me know. Otherwise, it is my pleasure to have you as my buddy now and future. Until the next invite, Bye!

Surname 1
Student’s Name
Rhetorical Appeals in the Declaration of Independence
The government has the responsibility of protecting the rights of its citizens but when the
government fails to perform its duty and starts inflicting suffering among its citizen, and then the
people must abolish the government. An example of individuals who advocated for the
abolishment of oppressive government was Jefferson by writing the Declaration of Independent
in which he presented his arguments on why there is the need to separate the thirteen American
colonies from Great Britain (Congress). He wanted to encourage people to join his movement
and support him to ensure America attained independent. Jefferson’s argues using rhetorical
appeals strategies such as the use of ethos, logos, and pathos. He builds his credibility with not
only personal facts but also uses credible sources. He cites statistics and facts to persuade his
audience and also make effective use of the emotional appeal to make the audience relate to the
situation he describes and convince them to support his movement.
Ethos entails convincing the others of the author’s credibility. Jeffe...

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