THE CYCLE OF ISLAM
Research indicates that civilizations go through a cycle of growth, greatness and fall. It is
a fair assessment to state that Islam has gone through the cycle and is currently at the fall phase.
The attack of the Mongols was the in part the reason for the fall of the ‘Golden Age of Islam’
and the beginning of the modern Islam age.
The invasion of the Mongols on the Islam Empire was of great importance to the onset of
the modern Islam era.1 Unfortunately, the Mongols attacked and destroyed the library of
Baghdad that was a host of vast Islamic history. The destruction of the library meant that future
Islamic nations had no access to past historical events of the religion. In the process, the invasion
locked out the modern world from having a connection with past generations. A keen analysis of
the situation indicates that the Mongol invasion was highly destructive of the Muslim empires
and brought to an end the ‘Golden Age of Islam.’
Regardless of the destruction of the Mongol invasion, there was massive conversion of
people into the religion. The rule of Genghis Khan in the 13th Century led to increased interest in
the religion by other people from Buddhism and Christianity. The conversion was as a result of
the tolerance the kingdom had with regards to other religions.2 Through this way, Islam went
through a phase of growth that provided an opportunity in which the Islam territories expanded.
. Armando, Salvatore. The Sociology of Islam: knowledge, power ad civility. (Wiley Publishers) 2016. P.
. ibid., 210
The expansion provided the Mongols with a vast region of exercising their authority and
advancing their interests.
During the time, the Byzantines were the major enemy of Islam in Asia. The Mongols
invasion destroyed the Byzantine Empire and eliminated one of the relig...