GED212 Introduction to Philosophy Multiple Choice Questions

Oct 30th, 2015
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Question description

GED212

Introduction to Philosophy

Discovering Philosophy, Portfolio Edition

Text:

Final 

2nd Edition , 2008

ISBN: 3: 978-0-13-209071-1; 10: 0-13-209071-6

Authors:

Thomas I. White

Publisher:

Prentice Hall

925 N. Spurgeon Street, Santa Ana, CA 92701 Phone: 714-547-9625 Fax: 714-547-5777

03/09

Introduction to Philosophy

Final Examination

1

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)

1. Metaphysics is the study of right and wrong.

A. True

B. False

2. Logic is the study of reason and arguments.

A. True

B. False

3. Philosophy studies lifes most basic questions.

A. True

B. False

4. Philosophical questions are primarily subjective in nature.

A. True

B. False

5. The value of studying philosophy is that it develops your analytical abilities

 and your capacity for abstract thought.

A. True

B. False 

6. _______________ is the study of how we live together in communities, and

 deals with problems of harmonizing freedom and obligation. 

A. Social philosophy

B. Social interaction

C. Political philosophy

D. None of the above

7. ________________is what Aristotle referred to as the first philosophy, and

 studies the most basic issues.

A. Ethics

B. Logic

C. Metaphysics

D. Social philosophy

Introduction to Philosophy

Final Examination

2

8. The word philosophy derives from two ancient Greek words: philia, which

 means love, and sophia, which means wisdom.

A. True

B. False

9. A(n)______ fallacy involves an arguments logical structure.

A. Informal

B. Formal

C. Premise

D. conclusion

 

10. A(n) ________ fallacy involves an arguments subject matter.

A. Informal

B. Formal

C. Premise

D. conclusion

11. The two parts of an argument are _____.

A. Introduction and conclusion

B. Premises and conclusion

C. Pros and cons

D. Truths and conclusion

12. Another word for the facts, evidence, theories, or ideas that allegedly lead to

 an arguments claim is premises.

A. True

B. False

13. If its sunny, Jennifer goes surfing. Jennifer went surfing today. Therefore,

 it must have been sunny. This is an excellent illustration of affirming the

 consequent, a formal fallacy.

A. True

B. False

14. A square has four sides is a necessary and sufficient condition for defining 

 a square.

A. True

B. False

15. The potions riddle in Harry Potter and the Sorcerers Stone is an excellent 

 example of logical thinking.

A. True

B. False

16. If someone is a student at Hogwarts, then he or she is studying witchcraft 

 and wizardry. Neville Longbottom is a student at Hogwarts. Therefore, Nev-

 ille Longbottom is studying witchcraft and wizardry. This is an excellent ex-

 ample of Modus Ponens, or the Asserting Rule.

A. True

B. False 

17. The _____is the main conscious element of the personality and tries to 

 mediate between the unrestrained desires of the superego and the punishing 

 demands of the id for moral perfection.

A. Ego

B. Soul

C. Logic

D. None of the above

18. The inner feeling of freedom that we all have supports the theory of _____.

A. Fatalism

B. Determinism

C. Free will

D. None of the above

19. The ancient Greek story of Oedipus, who, no matter how hard he tries, cannot

 avoid his tragic destiny, is an example of the theory of _____.

A. Fatalism

B. Determinism

C. Free will

D. None of the above

20. The idea that there is one special person somewhere in the world that is your

 destiny to meet and fall in love with is an example of ______.

A. Fatalism

B. Determinism

C. Free will

D. None of the above

21. A theory that claims that all human behavior is the result of scientifically 

 identifiable natural forces is an example of _____.

A. Fatalism

B. Determinism

C. Free will

D. None of the above

22. B.F. Skinner believes that human freedom is impossible.

A. True

B. False

23. Freudianism claims that the human personality has neither conscious nor

 unconscious dimensions.

A. True

B. False

24. A Freudian slip is an example of how the unconscious can determine what

 we say.

A. True

B. False

25. Ellis believes that irrational beliefs are the greatest threat to our freedom.

A. True

B. False

26. _____is the position that holds that in any circumstance, we genuinely have

 more than one option from which to choose.

A. Indeterminism

B. Existentialism

C. Pragmatism

D. Free will

27. ______ claims that freedom is so inescapable that it is sometimes uncomfort-

 able, which is why Sartre wrote that we are condemned to be free.

A. Indeterminism

B. Existentialism

C. Pragmatism

D. Free will

28. William James is the most important representative of _____, the school of

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