solving problems

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i want from you to solve the questions in the file

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Homework Chapter 8 Name ________________ Student ID ______________ Date ______________ 1 What is the difference between an amorphous solid and a crystalline solid? 2 Using circles, draw regular two-dimensional arrangements that demonstrate low packing efficiency and high packing efficiency. 3 Iridium forms a face-centered cubic lattice, and an iridium atom is 271.4 pm in diameter. Calculate the density of iridium. 4 Manganese has a body-centered cubic unit cell and has a density of 7.88 g/cm3. From this information, determine the length of the edge of the cubic cell. 5 What are the four types of intermolecular forces? Rank them based on their strength. 6 What is the relationship between polarizability and dispersion forces? 7 Why are dipole-dipole forces typically stronger than dispersion forces? 8 Which of the following compounds would be expected to form intermolecular hydrogen bonds in the liquid state? (a) CH3OCH3 (dimethyl ether), (b) CH4, (c) HF, (d) CH3COOH (acetic acid), (e) Br2, (f) CH3OH (methanol) 9 What type of intermolecular forces must be overcome in converting each of the following from a liquid to a gas? (a) CO2, (b) NH3, (c) CHCl3, (d) CCl4 10 Rank the following in order of increasing strength of intermolecular forces in the pure substances. (a) CH3CH2CH2CH3 (butane), (b) CH3OH (methanol), (c) He 11 Explain from a molecular perspective why graphite has properties that are useful for lubrication. 12 What makes a chemical compound volatile? 13 Predict the order of increasing vapor pressure at a given temperature for the following compounds. (a) FCH2CH2F, (b) HOCH2CH2OH, (c) FCH2CH2OH 14 Suppose you have three unknown pure substances that are liquids at room temperature. You make vapor pressure measurements and find that substance Q has a pressure of 110 torr, substance R has a pressure of 42 torr, and substance S has a pressure of 330 torr. If you slowly increase the temperature, which substance will boil first and which will boil last? 15 Rank the following hydrocarbons in order of increasing vapor pressure: C2H6, C10H22, CH4, C7H16, C22H46. 16 When water is in a tube such as a buret, in which direction does the meniscus curve? What does this observation say about the relative magnitude of adhesion and cohesion in that system? 17 Cylinders of compressed gas are equipped with pressure gauges that allow the user to monitor the amount of gas remaining. But such gauges are not useful for substances like propane or carbon dioxide, which are stored as liquids. So tanks of propane or carbon dioxide are sometimes mounted on scales to allow the user to see the rate of consumption. Use ideas from this chapter to explain why this is so. 18 If you know the density of a material and the length of the edge of its cubic lattice, how would you determine if it is face-centered cubic, body-centered cubic, or simple cubic? Would you have to look up any information? 19 You go into the laboratory to look for a squirt bottle containing acetone. You find two unlabeled bottles with different colored tops suggesting they are different liquids. Unfortunately, you have a terrible cold and cannot tell by smell which one might be acetone. Based on the intermolecular forces, what simple test could you use to determine which liquid is acetone and which is water? How does this test tell you this information? 20 How is polarizability related to the periodic trends of elements in the periodic table? ...
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Tutor Answer

Sunshine021
School: UC Berkeley

Hello there! I'm back with all the answers.I have to say that in the document is only the answers because I was having trouble with the plagiarism checker because it made matches with the questions online, sorry about that it is not up to us, but don't worry they are numbered correctly, any doubt don't hesitate in ask me anything and we discuss it

1
Generally speaking, the particles that integrate a solid material are held in place
by strong forces between them. These particles can then be arranged into a
regular repeating three-dimensional structure called crystal lattice, thus
producing a crystalline solid or they can aggregate with no particular order
forming an amorphous solid.
The most common type are crystalline solids in which the particles are packed
closely resulting in higher and well-defined melting and boiling points, unlike...

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Anonymous
Thanks, good work

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