Running head: PHILOSOPHICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN QUALITATIVE AND
QUANTITATIVE PARADIGMS AND APPROACHES
Philosophical Differences between Qualitative and Quantitative Paradigms and Approaches
PHILOSOPHICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE
PARADIGMS AND APPROACHES
Different research designs are unique because of the differences in features. Therefore, it
is important for researchers to ensure that their research philosophies are in conformance with
research designs they select for their research. The research in the scenario has the main feature of
using an independent variable that can be manipulated. The researchers have the ability to control
the variables being tested. The approach used by the three experimenters allows them the variable
to get the results they want. A popular research design is cross-sectional studies. This research
design involves measuring both the risk factor and outcomes of an event being researched at the
same time. Using this research design, it becomes difficult for the experimenters to determine
whether it is the outcome that came first or it is the exposure. A cohort study is another common
research design. In this design, the experimenters select both the population that is exposed and
not exposed to certain manipulations and monitor the behavior of each within a given period. The
observations made by the researchers are used to analyze the impacts of the manipulations made
or exposure. It is vital for experimenters to be aware of such designs thus able to ascertain how
they can conform to research designs that they plan to use ("Research Guides: Organizing Your
Social Sciences Research Paper: Types of Research Designs", 2019).
The qualitative research design that should be used for this scenario is the ethnography
research design. This methodology involves an interaction between the experimenters and the
participants. The interaction must occur during real or normal life environments or activities. In
the scenario, the instructors intend to improve student motivation and participation in discussions.
This research desi...
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