American Action Against Chemical Weapons Use by Russia Politics Essay

User Generated

PnebyrOnfxvaYbire

Humanities

Description

All requirements attached,

I ask please get the step 1 to me in the next 12 hours.

Around 14-17 pages double spaced. Project Due in 15 days.

Please use academic sources.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO roadhog Political Science 147B Russian-American Relations Philip G. Roeder Spring Quarter 2019 Research Assignment: Policy Memorandum on American Policy toward Russia You will write a policy memorandum (as described on the reverse side of this page) and present an oral background briefing on the issue. The finished product will be a twelve- to seventeen-page written memorandum and five-minute oral briefing. To help you complete this project we ask you to submit the following four smaller projects that will result in a polished finished product. gTLwritteristotted Step #1. Research project topic: Your policy question Due: Tuesday, April 16 After consulting with the instructors, submit a brief one-paragraph description of the policy question you will address. This should include a simple one-sentence question such as “What should the United States do to counter Russian subversion in Montenegro?” Your topic should be important enough that it will be possible to find sources and yet focused so that you can address this issue in a twelve- to seventeen-page policy memorandum. While there is no penalty for failing to turn in this first assignment (it accounts for 0 per cent of your grade), it is definitely in your interest to clear your question first. Ideas for topics are available on the Step #1 Assignment. Step #2. Background brief: Definition of the problem Due: Friday, seaMay 10 This is a first draft of the first substantive part of your final memorandum. In this written brief you describe the problem confronting the United States. You may want to divided this briefing into three sections: First, you should describe for your client the background to the problem—what has happened on the ground so far, what Russia has done so far, and what Russia and others might do in the near future. Second, you should explain Russia’s objectives in this operation and how these operational objectives fit within Russia’s larger strategic goals. Third, you should explain to your client why the United States should care— what is at stake for the United States in this situation? This briefing will constitute about half of the final twelve- to seventeen-page memorandum. Suggestions for finding research sources are available on the TritonEd course page. Eritten write pls this b Step #3. Oral background briefing Due: Friday, May 24 You should prepare, record, and submit an oral presentation as though you were in a formal meeting with your client to present the major points of your written Policy brief (Step 2, above). This should be no more than 5 minutes long and only summarize the brief’s major points. You should record this on your laptop or phone, review your recording (in private or with close friends), revise your presentation, record an improved version, and submit the final version after you are satisfied with the product. You should submit this on-line. Only the instructors to the class will see this unless you choose to share it. Instructions on recording and submitting your Oral briefing are available on the TritonEd course page. F Step #4. Policy memorandum Due: Monday, June 10 This is the complete memorandum as described on page 2 of this assignment. It incorporates the Background brief (Step 2, above) as the first part of the memorandum, but with any revisions that you decide to make in response to the TA’s comments on the first draft. (over) g What is a Policy Memorandum? Policy memoranda are prepared by analysts who work in any number of agencies in the public, non-profit, and forprofit sectors. These memoranda are consumed by all governmental agencies from the Department of Agriculture to the White House Staff and by a wide array of private clients from banks to charitable-relief agencies. A client typically requests such a memorandum when the client must make a decision to take action (or take no action). Analysts then provide the decision maker with background information, explain what is at stake for the decisionmaker’s agency, identify the options available to the client, assess the consequences (both positive and negative) that would follow from each option, and suggest one or the other of the options (or some combination of options). For this assignment, your client is either the U.S. Secretary of State or the foreign policy advisor of your 2020 presidential candidate. When preparing your own memorandum you should keep in mind the following guidelines: 1. Address the client who will receive your memorandum. You should write your memorandum with a clear sense of the objectives of your client. You must put yourself in the client’s position in order to help her/him solve her/his problem. 2. Open with a summary of the central points of your memorandum. You may want to give this section the heading “Summary” or (even better) a section heading that expresses the main point, such as “The Need for Action in _” or “The Need for Restraint in __.” You should state at the very beginning in a few sentences the major points of your memorandum that you want the client to take away. A client is almost always a busy person and you want your main message to grab her/his attention immediately. 3. Frame “the problem.” What is the problem and what interests does the client’s agency (in this case the United States Government) have at stake? •This should begin with necessary background information so that the client understands what gave rise to the current “crisis” (a situation requiring a decision to act or not to act). •Then you should identify how these developments affect the interests of your client’s agency. (This particular assignment requires you to view developments in light of your understanding of America’s primary foreign policy interests and objectives.) If you discover that your client’s agency cannot serve all its interests simultaneously in this crisis and particularly if some interests conflict with others, you may need to suggest some priority in the ways in which it addresses these problems. Thus, different analysts will often reconcile these interests and define “what’s at stake” in diverging ways. 4. Enumerate and assess the options for responding to this problem. What can your client’s agency (the United States Government) do? State the options clearly and crisply. Once again, remember that you are trying to grab the attention of a busy person. “Bullets” or numbered lists may make key points stand out, but each bulleted point normally should be at least one complete sentence. a. Predict the consequences of each alternative. Commonly, these consequences are the responses of the other side (in this assignment, Russia) and of third parties. Most options will have a mixture of desired and undesired consequences. Some options may be ineffective. Some consequences will be uncertain; you should identify these uncertainties. You should attempt to assign some (notional) probability to each consequence; that is, which consequences are highly likely and which are improbable if the client selects a particular option? b. Provide some “evidence” for your expectations. Since we cannot know the future (such as the future consequences of our current actions), we develop expectations based on observed consequences of similar past or present interactions with the same party. What is the evidence from other interactions with Russia for your expectations about its future responses to our choices? c. Weigh the options with respect to the objectives of your client. That is, will the net effect of one option serve the interests of the United States better than an alternative option? 5. Make your policy recommendation. On this basis, which option or combination of options do you recommend? Organization of your memorandum: [1] Information for transmittal (e.g., DATE:, TO:, FROM:, SUBJECT:), [2] Opening paragraph labeled “Summary” or other title that captures the central recommendation, [3] Informatively labeled sections such as “Background,” “Russia’s goals,” “What’s at Stake for America,” “Options,” and “Recommendations” or brief subtitles that express the central point of each section. Please remember that effective memoranda must be brief, clear, direct, and crisply formulated. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Political Science 147B Russian-American Relations Is Philip G. Roeder Spring Quarter 2019 STEP #1: YOUR POLICY QUESTION Due: Tuesday, April 16 You should submit a one-paragraph description of the policy question that you will address in your policy memorandum. This should include a simple one-sentence question, such as “What should the United States do to counter Russian subversion in Montenegro?” Your topic should be important enough that it will be possible to find sources and yet focused so that you can address this issue in a twelve- to seventeen-page policy memorandum. ym.gigaueyqqyqy.tt Please submit this electronically through the appropriate link on the TritonED course web-site. You do not need to submit a hard copy. Recent Issues That May Suggest a Policy Question That Interests You To help you think about the range of possibilities, the following list is taken from newspaper headlines (and from student papers) since 2016. Most are broad areas within which there are a number of specific policy questions. This list does not exhaust the possibilities. Russian involvement in territorial disputes in the Near Abroad Abkhazia South Ossetia Crimea Don Region Russian limits on democracy and civil society in Russia Russian policy on gay rights Russian assassinations of Russian dissidents overseas Russian support for authoritarian regimes in the near abroad Central Asia Belarus Russian collaboration with/againstNorth Korea Russian involvement in democratic elections/politics abroad Netherlands France Bulgaria Brexit Russian ties to nationalist parties in Europe Austria France Russian propaganda abroad RT [Russia Today Television Network] Sputnik Russian Orthodox Church use of social media Russian hacking (e.g., of American utilities) Cyberwarfare Russian gas policies Ukraine Turkish Stream Power of Siberia Pipeline Routing of Central Asian gas and oil Transdniestria Karabakh Estonia Latvia Montenegro United States Greece Macedonia Hungary Italy Tesla Pipeline Nordstream 2 Russian naval build-up Baltic Sea/Kaliningrad Arctic Sea Black Sea Mediterranean Sea North Atlantic Ocean Russian projection of power Syria Libya Venezuela Arms sales abroad Russian military and economic cooperation with Iran Russian military cooperation with Turkey Russian territorial claims in the Eurasian contact zone Arctic Ocean Southern Kurile Islands/Northern Territories of Japan Russian development of advanced weapons and delivery systems nuclear delivery systems ground-launched cruise missiles (GLCM) missile defense in western Russia Russian participation in and compliance with arms control agreements New START Treaty ABM Treaty INF Treaty Russian involvement in chemical weapons use Syria attacks against defectors Russian “hybrid war” doctrines and capabilities Russian role in combatting terrorism Russian doping in international athletic competitions UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Political Science 147B Russian-American Relations The Philip G. Roeder Spring Quarter 2019 STEP #2: BACKGROUND BRIEF E Friday, May 10 Background and definition of the problem Due: The Background brief is a first draft of the first half of your policy memorandum for this course. In this brief you describe the problem confronting the United States. You may want to divided this brief into three separate sections: Background. Describe for your client (the U. S. Secretary of State or the chief advisor to your 2020 presidential candidate) the background to the problem—what has happened on the ground so far, what Russia has done so far, and what Russia and others might be preparing to do in the near future. Russian objectives. Identify apparent Russian objectives in the operation (that is, in this crisis, issue area, and/or geographic region), how these operational objectives may serve Russia’s strategic goals, and what this suggests about Russia’s future actions and America’s ability to influence Russian behavior in this situation. American stakes. Explain to your client why the United States should (or should not) care— how the Russian operation affects America’s strategic goals. That is, what is at stake for the United States in this situation? This briefing will constitute the first half of the final twelve- to seventeen-page memorandum that you will turn in at the end of the quarter. You will be able to revise these pages when you submit them as part of the completed policy memorandum. Instructions 1. You should write a brief of around six to eight typewritten (double-spaced) pages. 2. Please document all sources you use in the writing of this essay. You should include citations in the text (such as footnotes or publication dates) and a bibliography or list of references at the end. You may use any standard citation style (APA, Chicago, MLA). The list of references (bibiliography) is not part of your page count for this assignment. 3. You may discuss your answer with other students, the TA, or me. Your final paper, however, must be your own work. If it is not your own work, this constitutes plagiarism a violation of academic regulations at this university. Please do not jeopardize your academic career and your professional reputation by plagiarism. 4. Please submit an electronic copy of your paper to turnitin.com through TritonED before 11:59 pm on Friday, May 10. You do not need to submit a hard copy. stood (See page 2 of this assignment for How Your Background Brief will be graded.) HOW YOUR BACKGROUND BRIEF WILL BE GRADED We will assess the quality of your paper in each of the four areas listed below on a 4-point scale: A=4 points; B=3 points; C=2 points; D=1 points; F=0 points Your grade for the briefing will be determined by adding up the points in these four areas. #1 Background of the problem. Does the briefing describe the context in which the decision crisis emerged, identifying specifically any Russian actions that may have played a role in this crisis so far? Points as follows: 4 = Identifies both major events leading to the crisis and Russian actions that played a role in this crisis so far. 3 = Either of the above is missing. 2 = Identification of events and Russian actions is confusing or unclear, but, nevertheless, present. 1 = A perfunctory assertion of the existence of a crisis without any elaboration of what led to this. 0 = No definition of the crisis that calls for a decision by the US Government. #2 Analysis of Russian operational objectives and strategic goals. Does the briefing clearly identify alternative assessments of Russian objectives in the current situation (crisis/issue/region)? Points as follows: 4 = Identifies chief explanations of Russian operational objectives, links these to Russia’s strategic goals, and offers some assessment of the most plausible of these explanations. 3 = Either the identification of explanations or assessment of these is limited or missing. 2 = The identification/analysis of Russian objectives is confusing or unclear, but, nevertheless, present. 1 = A perfunctory assertion of some motivation or goal without any assessment. 0 = No definition of the Russian motivations/goals and therefore no analysis of these. #3 Analysis of American stakes. Does the briefing clearly identify the most important stakes for the United States in this situation? Points: 4 = Identifies chief threats/opportunities in this situation that bear on American strategic goals and offers some assessment of the relative importance of these stakes to the United States. 3 = Identification or assessment of threat/opportunities is limited, but, nevertheless, present. 2 = Identification of American stakes is confusing or unclear and the analysis is confused as well, or either is missing. 1 = A perfunctory assertion of some interest without any elaboration. 0 = No definition of the American interests at stake and therefore no analysis of these. #4 Research. How well does the briefing use sources to document key claims in the briefing? Points as follows: 4 = Briefing is based on extensive research and skillful use of sources, which are well documented. 3 = Briefing is based on more limited research or less skillful use of those sources, which are, nonetheless, documented. 2 = Limited or inaccurate use of sources, which are, nonetheless, documented. 1 = Minimal and often flawed use of sources, which are poorly documented. 0 = No evidence that the student has read a thing about this issue. Total points and Letter grade. Each memorandum can earn up to 16 points. The letter-grade equivalents are: Grade A A- Points 15-16 14 Grade B+ B B- Points 13 11-12 10 Grade C+ C C- Points 9 7-8 6 Grade D F Points 2-5 0-1 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Political Science 147B Russian-American Relations atop Philip G. Roeder Spring Quarter 2019 STEP #3: ORAL BACKGROUND BRIEFING Due: Friday, May 24 You should record a five-minute oral briefing on the major points that you made in your written Background brief. As in the written brief, you should [1] describe the background to the problem, [2] identify Russian operational objectives, and [3] explain what is at stake for the United States in this situation. In presenting your oral briefing, please keep the following in mind: 1. Briefings are precisely that—brief. In a very short time you want to inform your audience. 2. Organize your briefing with an introduction, body, and conclusion. The introduction should introduce yourself to your client and make clear the major conclusion you have drawn from your analysis (which is probably what you claim is at stake for the United States). This introduction should correspond to the summary in your written Background brief. The body should be organized around the background, Russian objectives, and American stakes. The conclusion should summarize and restate your major point (which is probably what you claim is at stake for the United States). 3. In oral briefings, clarity is essential. Make sure: major conclusion are clear at the very beginning and your major conclusion is repeated towards the end. ajor transitions in your presentation are indicated by verbal “signposts”. For more discussion of briefings, you might consult the Kennedy School of Government Primer and the Armed Forces Comptroller article posted on the course TritonED web-site. sfoBse Instructions 1. You should record an oral briefing that lasts no more than five minutes. 2. Please record this on your phone or computer according to the instructions posted on the TritonED course web-site. You are free to pick the format (phone or computer) that works best for you. Ignat 3. Review and revise your briefing until you are ready to submit it. 4. Before up-loading your file, save it with the file name—YourlastnameYourfirstname (such as DoeJan). 5. Up-load your recording to the Dropbox link https://goo.gl/4bW1RT How Your Oral Briefing Will Be Graded 1. Your video will be graded on the 16-point scale (16=A, 12=B, 8=C, 4=D, 0=F). 2. If you submit a video briefing based on your written policy brief you receive 8 points. 3. For clarity of organization in the oral briefing you will receive up to 4 additional points. 4. For clarity of presentation in the oral briefing (taking into account that English is not everyone’s first language) you will receive up to 4 additional points. 5. For dazzling Hollywood-worthy cinematographic technique, you will receive no additional points. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SAN DIEGO Political Science 147B Russian-American Relations Philip G. Roeder Spring Quarter 2019 scrag STEP #4: POLICY MEMORANDUM Policy memorandum Due: Monday, June 10 This is the complete memorandum as described on the reverse side of the original Research Assignment handout. This should incorporate the Background brief (Step #2) that you submitted previously with any revisions that you decide to make in response to the TA’s comments on the first draft and any up-dating with new information that you have encountered in your more recent research. Instructions 1. You should submit a memorandum of twelve to seventeen typewritten (double-spaced) pages. The first half (more or less) will be the revised version of your Background brief. 2. Please document all sources you use in the writing of this essay. You should include citations in the text (such as footnotes or publication dates) and a bibliography or list of references at the end. You may use any standard citation style (APA, Chicago, MLA). The list of references (bibiliography) is not part of your page count for this assignment. 3. You may discuss your answer with other students, the TA, or me. Your final paper, however, must be your own work. If it is not your own work, this constitutes plagiarism a violation of academic regulations at this university. Please do not jeopardize your academic career and your professional reputation by plagiarism. 4. Please submit an electronic copy of your paper to Turnitin.com through TritonED before 11:59 pm on Monday, June 10. This is the very last entry on the course content page in TritonED. You do not need to submit a hard copy. tag Team (See page 2 of this assignment for How Your Policy Memorandum Will Be Graded.) How Your Policy Memorandum Will Be Graded We will assess the quality of your paper in each of the four areas listed below on a 4-point scale: A=4 points; B=3 points; C=2 points; D=1 points; F=0 points Your grade for the memorandum will be determined by adding up the points in these four areas. #1 Background of the problem: Events, Russian goals, and American stakes/goals. This is your (revised) Background brief: Does the revised version of this in the memorandum describe the context in which the decision crisis emerged, identify any Russian actions that played a role in this crisis so far, and explain apparent Russian goals and American stakes in this crisis? Points will be assigned as follows: 4 = The memorandum identifies all of these. 3 = One or more of the above is missing. 2 = Identification of events, Russian actions, Russian goals, and American stakes is confusing or unclear. 1 = A perfunctory assertion of the existence of a crisis without any elaboration of what led to this or is at stake. 0 = No definition of the crisis that calls for a decision by the US Government. #2 Description and analysis of American options. Does the memorandum clearly identify, describe, and analyze alternative options available to the United States Government to address the situation described under #1 and does the memorandum assess the likely consequences of each option for the United States? Points will be assigned as follows: 4 = The memorandum identifies and clearly describes a menu of options before the United States Government, and analyzes each option’s consequences for the United States. 3 = The menu of options is limited or skewed, the analysis of each option is limited, or the options are unrelated to the situation described under #1. 2 = The identification of options is confusing or unclear and there is little analysis. 1 = A perfunctory assertion of some option without much analysis. 0 = No menu of options; no analysis. #3 Recommendation of a policy. Does the memorandum weigh the alternative options decribed under #2 based on the comparative consequences of each option for the United States and does the memorandum select one or more of these options (alone or in some combination) as the best policy for the United States Government? Points: 4 = The memorandum makes a recommendation based on the analysis in #2 and explains why this option (or combination of options or sequencing of options) is preferable to the alternatives. 3 = The memorandum makes a policy recommendation, but either does not explain how this follows from the analysis in #3 or does not explain why it is preferable to the alternatives. 2 = The recommendation and the analysis are unclear or confused. 1 = A perfunctory assertion of some recommendation. 0 = The memorandum makes no recommendation. #4 Research. How well does this memorandum use sources to document its key claims? Points will be assigned as follows: 4 = Memorandum is based on extensive research and skillful use of sources, which are well documented. 3 = Memorandum is based on more limited research or less skillful use of those sources, which are, nonetheless, documented. 2 = Limited or inaccurate use of sources, which are, nonetheless, documented. 1 = Minimal and often flawed use of sources, which are poorly documented. 0 = No evidence that the student has read a thing about this issue. Total points and Letter grade. Each memorandum can earn up to 16 points. The letter-grade equivalents are: Grade A A- Points 15-16 14 Grade B+ B B- Points 13 11-12 10 Grade C+ C C- Points 9 7-8 6 Grade D F Points 2-5 0-1 BELOW IS A SUGGESTED FORMAT FOR YOUR POLICY MEMORANDUM You should submit Sections 2 and 3 as your Background Brief and all sections as your Memorandum. Your final memorandum should be about 12 to 17 double-spaced pages. (Although the example presented here assumes a crisis created by Russian aggression, your analysis may concern an opportunity for American cooperation with Russia.) June XX, 20XX TO: Mr/s. XXX, U.S. Secretary of State [or presidential campaign advisor] FROM: Herkimer C. Cheese [or your name, if it is different] SUBJECT: The Outlandish Crisis [or your policy issue, if it is different] 1. The Threat of Russian Aggression in Outlandia (brief)/ or The Necessity for American Action (or Restraint) in Outlandia (memorandum) [A one-paragraph summary of the key claims in the entire brief or memorandum (depending on which part you are turning in at this point).] 2. Background: A Crisis Created by Russian Aggression [Background about the developments in Outlandia that set the stage for the Russian intervention. Description of what Russia, Outlandia, other states, and non-state actors did to bring this crisis to the attention of the United States Government. About 3 pages long.] 3. The Stakes: Why the United States Government Cannot (or Should) Ignore This Crisis [A description of America’s direct political, economic, and ethical interests in Outlandia that are affected by the Russian actions; America’s indirect interests because its friends have direct interests there; and the broader implications for the international order (such as creating precedents) that could affect the United States in subsequent events. About 3 pages long.] 4. The Options: What Can the United States Government Do? [An enumeration of the options and discussion of the likely consequences of each option. The consequences include direct results of American actions, such as loss of human life from bombing, and indirect results of American actions, such as the response of Russia, the Outlandish population, and other countries. The consequences are immediate and longer-term, including setting precedents for future American engagements with Russia and with other countries and precedents for the behavior of other states. Some options may have negative or mixed consequences for America . About 6 pages long.] 5. Recommendation: The Necessity of …. [Explain why the consequences of one of the options, or a combination of options, or a sequencing of options constitute a better way to proceed than the possible alternatives. About 2 pages long.]
Purchase answer to see full attachment
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Explanation & Answer

Attached.

Running head: AMERICAN ACTION AGAINST CHEMICAL WEAPONS USE BY RUSSIA

American Action against Chemical Weapons Use by Russia
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

AMERICAN ACTION AGAINST CHEMICAL WEAPONS USE BY RUSSIA

2

Date
To
From
Subject
Summary
Syria’s unrelenting usage of chemical weapons has been associated with its close
relationship with Russia. Several attacks have been conducted in Eastern Ghouta where chlorine
gas was used to attack children. Also, several Syrians have been attacked using gas. The use of
Chlorine gas to make weapons or to serve as a military weapon is barred though Syria continues
to use it despite many accusations. Similarly, it has been accused of misrepresenting the
chemical weapons stocks which are supposed to be avowed to the OPCW. According to sources,
the attacks began after Syria got involved with Russia. It has been reported to shield Syria over
the investigation by voting for the extension of the process. By doing so, it has breached the
promise to serve as one of the framework supporters in the US. Therefore, Russia bears the
accountability of the assaults. However, the US has an international coalition made up of about
60 countries, Germany is one of them. The alliance targets the extremist groups but tries to avoid
direct conflict. However, after the Syria government attacked the civilian, President Trump was
forced to order an airstrike on the Syrian airbases. How will the United States stop Russia and
Syria from the continuous use of chemical weapons on innocent targets?
Background
Russia has been reported to support the Bashar al-Assad who is the president of Syria
since 2011 when the Syrian conflict began. It helped through politics, gave them military aids
also by direct military participation in the year 2015- this was the first time Russia got involved

AMERICAN ACTION AGAINST CHEMICAL WEAPONS USE BY RUSSIA

3

in armed conflict with a nation as opposed to the Soviet Union (Heintze, 2018). A lot of
apprehensions have been raised regarding the security of the chemical weapons and their
potential use. Although the Syrian government has assured the world that they will never use the
biological weapons again, their continued production could mean danger in the future. He went
ahead to confirm that the weapons were stored and tight security provided. However, his
statement was contradicted by one of the workers who worked in the manufacturing labs by
stating that, some chemicals had already been taken out of the stores for testing. Soon after the
claims, sarin attack occurred in Ghouta, and the US Congress filed a bill that was to be used by
the US military force to attack the Syrian military (Heintze, 2018). However, John Kerry, the
state's secretary requested the Syria government to hand over all the chemical weapons, and the
airstrike that targeted them will be averted.
The Russian government participated with international agencies that requested for the
termination of the chemical weapons. But the government never admitted to having chemical
weapons even after the set deadline passed. However, according to the investigator, the Russian
government had the most massive stockpiles globally (Heintze, 2018). Similarly, a journal
named Reuters was published in 2017, which detailed that Russia had refused to abandon the
chemical instruments. The report also indicated that gaps and uncertainties existed concerning
the weapons. For instance, the Russian government insincerely acknowledged the types,
quantities as well as the purposes of the deadly weapons it possessed. Sources indicated that
there were about 2000 bombshells in its possession that can easily be converted to predictable
threats. Therefore, the false report issued by the Russian government raises a lot of worries about
the safety of our future.

AMERICAN ACTION AGAINST CHEMICAL WEAPONS USE BY RUSSIA

4

Russia goals
Russia has accused the United States of not being specific on ending the Syrian conflict.
US has been criticizing Russia for selling weapons to the Syrian president which fueled the battle
while on the other side, the US sells weapons to the country of Bahrain. The US expects Russia
to stop selling their weapons to Syria while at the same time the US is supplying weapons to the
Syrian rebels through Turkey (Heintze, 2018). Therefore, the fact that the US supports the
opposition from Syria then it undermines the national security of Russia. The Russian
government expects the Syrian war to end by either president Assad staying in power which will
strongly influence the middle east countries or for the Islamists to win the conflict which will
result in fights as well as a threat in Russia. Therefore, the US and Russia have contributed to the
ongoing Syria conflicts and their use of chemical weapons.
The Russian objectives in operation are the preservation of a Russia-friendly
administration, stopping the Sunni terrorism and ending the changes made by the US regime.
The Russia objectives are not in line with those set by the US government under Trump and also
those set by the Obama administration. The Trump office had suggested ISIS be defeated rather
than achieving other goals in Syria (Heintze, 2018). Therefore, the priority was accepted by the
Russia regime and also the US. But the killing of the 85 khan Shaykhun made the US change its
mind over being in any agreement with Syria. However, there is a possibility that Russia
supported the regime in attempting to accelerate its military victory.
Moreover, the Russian, as well as the Syrian, are trying hard to win the ongoing war
while the US and also the UN are putting an end to the war. Years before the Khan Shaykhun
pursued a military victory in the revolution, Russia and its administration had pending
philanthropic aid to the areas occupied by the opposition and also bombarded the public

AMERICAN ACTION AGAINST CHEMICAL W...


Anonymous
I was struggling with this subject, and this helped me a ton!

Studypool
4.7
Trustpilot
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4

Related Tags