I need a formal lab report on fermentation

Nov 3rd, 2015
Price: $40 USD

Question description

Biology 110 Formal Lab Report

Your formal lab report should be at least 3-5 pages and include the following sections: Abstract, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, and Discussions. You should also include the worksheets from the lab text as well.

1.  Title (3 pts): On a separate page you should write the title of your paper.  The title of a scientific article should be fairly detailed and include the subject and the aspects of the subject that were studied. For example, if you were studying how long it took for a student athlete to display symptoms after receiving a concussive blow to the head, you might title your article “Time Interval Between Concussions and Symptoms in College Athletes” as opposed to a non-descriptive title like “Concussions and the College Athlete.”

On the same page as the title you should write the name of the author (that is the student) and the affiliation of the author (Department, School, and Institution). This does not count towards the page total.

The remaining pieces should be separated by section headings, but do not need to be on separate pages.

2.  Abstract (5 pts):  This is a single paragraph (5-7 sentences) that is meant to allow your audience to quickly decide if the article contains information or data that they require.  The abstract should include the purpose for the study, the primary results and the main conclusions.

3.  Introduction (10 pts): This section should state the main purpose for the study, the hypothesis or hypotheses and relevant scientific background. The relevant scientific background should cover material that your audience needs to know in order to understand the study and its purpose. Two to four paragraphs are usually sufficient. For this paper be sure to discuss yeast, fermentation, and cellular respiration

4.  Materials and Methods (2 pts): This section states how the study was performed. If the materials and methods that you are using having been previously published (e.g. in a lab manual) then you can state that the experiments were performed using methods previously published in [insert source material]. If modification were made to the existing methods (either at the direction of your instructor or accidentally by your lab group) then you should state that the experiment was performed using methods previously published in [insert source material] with the following modifications: [list changes].

5.  Results (10 pts): This section presents the data that was collected during the study in a logical fashion with both text and illustrative materials (such as tables and figures). The results section begins with text that reports the data and then refers the reader to the figures and tables as it proceeds. Ideally, you should state key trends in the data as opposed to reiterating each value from a Figure or Table. The same data should NOT be presented in both a Table and Figure format (this would be redundant). Raw data values should be avoided when they can be summarized as averages, ranges or percentages. Avoid interpreting your data in this section. Interpretation should be saved for the Discussion section.

For example, a typical results section could read: “In student athletes that received concussive blows to the head, the more severe the force the greater the impact that was seen (see Table 2 and Figure 2). The student athletes that experienced greater than 15lbs of pressure per square inch had the fastest rate of symptom onset, 15 minutes versus 25 minutes for other groups.” You would then insert Table 2 and Figure 2.

All tables and figure must be computer generated. Graphs must be made with graphing software such as Excel. Hand drawn graphs will not be accepted. Graphs must contain individual points/colors for different conditions, labels with units of measure on the x- and y- axis, and symbol legend. Figures (such as graphs) are consecutively numbered and titled (i.e. Figure 2: Time to symptoms onset compared to force of blow). Tables should be consecutively numbered and titled (i.e. Table 2: Time to symptom onset in student athletes hit with concussive blow).

Tables and graphs do not count towards the page total.

6.  Discussion (10 pts): This section has two main functions. The first is to interpret your results in light of what was already known about the subject (as stated in the introduction) and then to explain our new understanding of the problem after taking your results into consideration. You should connect the discussion to the introduction through the hypotheses you posed, but it should not repeat or rearrange what was stated in the introduction. The second function is to examine the significance of your findings in the context of your field.  Choose a field of biology you are interested in and then explain why or how this could be an important finding to the field you have identified. The discussion section is traditionally the most difficult section to write so you might consider the following questions to help you:

Do your results provide answers to your hypotheses? If so, how do you interpret your findings?

Do your findings agree with what others have shown? If not, do they suggest an alternative explanation or perhaps a design flaw in your experiment?

How can your findings help advance knowledge in your field of study?

7.  Literature cited (5 pts): This section presents an alphabetic listing of all of the literature that was cited in your article. For this article you must cite at least 4 sources, one of which will be your lab manual. Of the remaining 3, only one may be a website. You must use credible scientific sources (no popular sources, Wikipedia, dot com web sites, dictionaries, social media, class presentations and/or PowerPoints). Literature must be cited in APA format. This does not count towards the page total.

8.  Lab Worksheets (5 pts): What you would normally turn in minus summary and conclusions

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(Top Tutor) Daniel C.
School: UC Berkeley

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