Sociology help needed to write a 75 word Response for Student 1 and 2 to further a discussion

Nov 2nd, 2015
SoccerBoss
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Sociology
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Question description

Original Question

Resiliency

A. Resiliency is considered to be an important factor for children. List three factors that are known to promote resiliency in children, and explain why these factors are important to a child’s development.

B. Sam is a 20-year-old college student who struggles with school, relationships, and keeping a job. When something bad happens, such as when Sam loses a job or if he fails a class, he becomes depressed and is unable to recover for long periods of time. He frequently moves back in with his Mom and five younger brothers. Sam has also been diagnosed as below average intelligence, but he is capable of succeeding in college if he works very hard.

  1. What theorist (Erikson, Piaget, or Vygotsky) do you think best explains Sam, and why?
  2. Do you believe nature or nurture has more of an impact on Sam, and why?

STUDENT 1 RESPONSE:

Three factors known to promote resiliency in children include: Temperament, close relationship with a family member, and a close relationship with someone beyond their family. If the child has a temperament that is relaxed and self-confident, they can better respond to bad situations and circumstances (Bukatko, 2008).

I believe that Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory best explains Sam’s failure to be resilient. At the core of the ecological system, the Microsystem, is Sam’s temperament. Clearly he does not have a relaxed and self-confident temperament, which is why he is unable to bounce back quickly after failures. Sam’s Mesosystem, his mother and five younger brothers, appear to be fine with allowing Sam to come home each time he fails thus allowing Sam to continue running away from his failures instead of learning how to deal with them head on. Assuming Sam lives in the US, it is also very common for 20 year olds to live at home whereas it wouldn’t be so normal in other cultures. Bronfenbrenner includes how the attitudes and values of the culture reflect on behavior by talking about the Macrosystem. If it were not socially acceptable by the US culture for Sam to be living at home, he would probably find other ways to continue supporting himself instead of running away. Nature and Nurture both have equal impact on Sam. Nature is genetic and is what controls Sam’s temperament and therefore his resiliency. Nuture is how the environment has affected him, such as his Mesosystem and Macrosystem that allow him to continue to run away from his failures  (Bukatko, 2008).

Reference:

Bukatko, D. (2008). Child and adolescent development. A chronological approach. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company.

STUDENT 2 RESPONSE

Resiliency

Resiliency is considered to be an important factor for children. List three factors that are known to promote resiliency in children, and explain why these factors are important to a child’s development.

Resiliency: those who seem able to most effectively resist the negative consequences of risk (Bukatko, 2008, p. 9).

3 qualities: (Bukatko, 2008, p. 9)

·  A relaxed self-confident character

·  Ability to adapt and respond intelligently in difficult situations

·  A close encouraging relationship with at least one family member

These factors as well as others allow a child to not only respond more proactively to things that they may encounter throughout their life, but they are also what helps them to respond when their stress levels rise. When we think about how many of us were raised and how many children are being raised today we can see why many are having issues when they reach high school and college age because they have not been properly equipped with the right internal tools to handle “the real world”.

Sam is a 20-year-old college student who struggles with school, relationships, and keeping a job. When something bad happens, such as when Sam loses a job or if he fails a class, he becomes depressed and is unable to recover for long periods of time. He frequently moves back in with his Mom and five younger brothers. Sam has also been diagnosed as below average intelligence, but he is capable of succeeding in college if he works very hard.

1.  What theorist (Erikson, Piaget, or Vygotsky) do you think best explains Sam, and why?

For Sam I think that Erikson’s theory fits best. I say this because while watching this week’s video they state “While teenagers will “try on” many different roles, they will define who they are by the end of adolescence. Teens who do not settle into an identity experience role confusion and may continue to struggle with this aspect of defining a sense of self into adulthood.” (University, unknown)Now while Sam is no longer a teen Erikson’s theory says that a person can may not resolve a stage of development, an because Sam is below normal intelligence level, and the oldest of 6 with a single mother he may have not had the time that he needed to advance the way that he needed to.

2.  Do you believe nature or nurture has more of an impact on Sam, and why?

I think that over all for Sam it was more than likely a combination of both. Because he isn’t were he should be intellectually he has to work that much harder than others his age. However at the same time his mother continues to allow him to come home every time something happens no matter how big or small it is which will only continue the cycle of behavior. There needs to be a time when both she and Sam need to come to the realization that things need to change and that Sam needs to get some help with his depression so that he can move beyond his current path.

References

Bukatko, D. (2008). Child and adolescent development: A chronological approach. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

University, K. (Director). (unknown). PS220 Unit 3 Video [Motion Picture]. Retrieved from http://extmedia.kaplan.edu/AEH/AS/PS220_1203C/PS220_Unit3/PS220_U3.mp4


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