i have a research paper i need someone to present it to me on power point

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Dear all students

For the PP you need to present the following

The research statement

The research literature review related to your topic

The methodology

The results

And conclusion


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Running head: STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE 1 Street Art Effect in the City Image Name: Ghadeer Alsharif Dalia Alahdal STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE2 Street Art Effect in the City Image Abstract Street art is visual art formed in open areas, typically unsanctioned fine art executed outside of the conventional state art places. The artists in most cases endeavors to leave some forms of messages such as political issues, sentiments, and these statements are posted in the street where every one of the general population can appreciate and assess them. The study provides the readers with information about street art and how it can influence the people's sentiments of the general spaces. The methodology adopted for this study is a qualitative method applied in Jeddah city by interviewing various participators in the case study and asking about their experiences. The expected outcomes of the research will help to clarify how the street arts can raise the value of the city or destroy the image of the city and how can street art affects people’s feelings of the space: Keywords: street art, city value, people sentiments, expressions. STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE3 Introduction ` Most cities in the world have shifted to street art adverts that aid in passing information to the public in a quick and faster way. According to Maslyak, Gryniuk, & Kazantseva (2017), street art emerged from 1960 in various cities. For instance, in New York City, it started as graffiti-boom infancy with painters such as Keith Haring. In the current cities, there are numerous artists whose street art has become a mainstream art and even used as commercial art. Whether it is used for commercial purposes, cultural aspiration or any with any other intent, the street art is recognized to be of numerous benefits. The creative, structured art along the busy streets can help in driving the economy. While making commercial adverts has become expensive in the market, using public places to post creative art that can help sell brand products and events to the media. Making use of radio and television as the readily available media channels can help in displaying the art along the busy streets in various towns. Hence, the promotion can help in improving the economy (Ursic, 2014).Apart from the economy benefiting from street art, political milestones are achieved through creative arts drawn by famous politicians to market their popularity within a specific region. For example, economic development and urbanization can spread so fast because of the use of graffiti that displays creativity According to spatial planners, street art is a major contributor to the transformation and formation of urban identities. Hence, there is a great need for making use of street art effects since they help in various aspects. STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE4 Literature Review This part of the literature will describe some of the effects of graffiti to the community. There are very important histories which are connected with the metropolises, and they also act as an identity for many urban centers. There is a theory which states that a lot of attention is given to the broken windows, which means that disorder signs such as vandalism, fare jumping and so one open window for the great crimes. According to Leventis (2013), street art has boosted the field of architecture in various ways. Urban cities are designed and drawn on arts that offer a prospect city design where engineers and developers get ideas to create new projects. Artists have transformed primary atrium walls in the world with great minds in generating expectations into pictures that can later be transformed by specialists from different sectors of the population; for example The current processes of globalization and in increasing competitiveness in various cities have influenced the development of urban centers as well as public art. Furthermore, while art is assumed to be part of the entertainment, it helps in creating recognition and giving major cities a visual look. As it was written by Januchta (2010), the role of public visual art in urban space is to help spread the good news to visitors and local individuals on the potential aspects of a region. For example, a creative art within an open city space available for development can open the minds of investors that can bid for such an opportunity of developing the region. Through such marketing strategic ideas concerning economic development are fueled towards a higher level.Moreover, according to Lewisohn, (2008), street art is a global and local scene where a sense of touch is felt STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE5 among viewers of the graffiti. Such scenes create beautiful viewsthat can be interesting to watch while other activities can take place. The literature describes the significant value added by such scenes to society and its environment. Also, speaking about street graffiti, Mailer, Kurlansky, &Naar, (2009) believed that there is a future in painted graffiti along the streets. There are certain activities which are engaged by the various images of people on portraits and other drawings. These images can help in keeping the faith of such individuals. For example, users of marijuana have a strong belief in the use of the drug; hence they keep using items labeled with the graffiti of the plant. According to Carver (2016), the use of graffiti on the streets can also be transformative since it can transform the perception of the communities which are in a certain urban center as well as transforming the object on which it appears. With the colorful strokes on the street walls, the perception of the city residents can be changed into something constructive. In various communities around the world, people have been using street art for transforming the dull colors in the city into a clear representation of the local identity. The graffiti artist can also be employed to be the voice of those who are voiceless as they leave behind a work which is filled with the essential social or political undertones. In some cases, the members of a community can use street art to create large murals which can brighten the whole urban center. In such as the graffiti along the street can be used to as a means of exposing the community characteristics which could have remained hidden. For example in the city of Pachuca in Mexico, the artists who are collectively referred to as GermanCrew transformed Las Palmitas into a colorful mural and this was done an effort to bring the community together as well as to change its gritty image. STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE6 According to Carver, (2016), before this project, the neighborhood was considered to be a sketchy area and most people would avoid it especially at night. After the graffiti art was change used, more neighbors were hanging out on the street. Jeddah City Jeddah city is located in Tihamah region of Hejaz which is found in the coast of the red sea, and it is one of the major urban centers in the western part of Saudi Arabia as well as being the largest city in Makkah Province. It is Saudi Arabia's commercial capital. Economically, the city is focusing on developing a lot of capital investments in engineering and scientific leadership. There are numerous graffiti at the street walls of Jeddah which are the works of two Jeddah based artists known as Firas Bawazir who is also known as From and Sam Alamoudi whose graffiti are mainly found in the street called "Muso." Therefore, there are numerous iconic in Jeddah which strikes in the ideas that are expressed ant visually. Over time, the number of graffiti in Jeddah as increased and all adds to different perception when it comes to the perception of residence of the city. These graffiti have changed the perception of people in Jeddah hence resulting in a change in the Image of this city. There are amazing, skills of graffiti which are found on the walls of Jeddah and this makes people have different ideas as some view them as vandalism. On the same note, there is a lot of focus on the graffiti on the walls. Specifically, independent graffiti murals which are designto show the connections of ideas which need to be perceived by society. However, there are also negative effects which are connected to the graffiti on the walls of various streets. The business owners incur a lot of losses when it comes to the negative images which are promoted by graffiti. Consequently, gangs and other prohibited STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE7 subcultures can use city wall graffiti which all their members can understand to portray an image concerning their territory identification. In such subcultures, graffiti plays are used to play the role of maintaining order in vulnerable environments. In some urban centers, graffiti offers a warning on the dangers which lurks. For instance, in the city of Chicago, the FBI indicates that there were about five hundred murders which occurred in 2012. The gangs were fighting and murder each other over the boundary which is just indicated by aerosol paints graffiti (Bartolomeo, 2013).The city street all in some cases may also use the graffiti to promote hatred of people from other races, tribes, religions and so forth. These negative markings of graffiti make which are indicated on the public places may leave people with emotional distress. STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE8 Research Methodology Graffiti can pose a lot of effects on the street and the city at large. Despite the overlook, people give street art it has a strong message; it can pass to the public. Street art in marginalized streets or part of town can be used to shout out the cries of the people in the city. Art ideas displayed on street walls that go with the common name 'graffiti' is an important political tool used to express the freedom of a city. The research methodology adopted for this topic is administered a survey questionnaire with the people living in Jeddah where there is a lot of graffiti. These graffiti are found in the major walls of Jeddah, and all the participants who were involved in the study were from within the city. Twenty participants were involved in the study, and all were collected randomly. The participants were between eighteen and sixty-five years old, with an average age of forty-five. The participants signed the consent forms before taking part in the study. Results and Finding In an attempt to identify the impression of the graffiti on the city image, a questionnaire with structures short answer question was used to interrogate the people in Jeddah city. Only three questions were used in the research to make the research quick. Open-ended questions which included the general view of the respondents about city art and the impression it gave them. More than 60% of the individuals indicated that they used graffiti to express their daily experiences hence its importance. Only 10 % of the questionnaires filled indicated no interest in the idea of graffiti or did not like it. An average number indicated that graffiti was good if the message they intended was clear enough. STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE9 Through interview sessions with random civilians on the streets, we were able to realize that at least 40% of the respondents thought that city art gave the city the beauty it had. One of the responded quoted that, "city art is good for our freedom of expression and it helps us express what we can't find words to explain. It also expresses what the writers feel". About 5% of the respondents indicated that some graffiti has a bad intention and should be avoided. Such graffiti on drugs and negative politics was bad to the face of the city. Analysis of Result From the twenty participants who were involved in the study, thirteen of them use graffiti to express their daily experiences consider it to be important. Four of them use were not concerned about graffiti, and three of them were not sure of the importance of graffiti. Degree of Importance of Number Percentage graffiti Importance 13 65 Not important 4 20 Not sure 3 15 From the results, most of those who live in Jeddah feel that the graffiti are important, it therefore ensures. This shows that there are a lot of people who value the graffiti and use them in their daily lives to express feelings. These people total up to sixty-five percent, and the remaining groups were also divided into two. There were those who could not identify themselves whether they feel graffiti are important or unimportant STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE10 in their daily lives and thee make fifteen percent. Twenty percent of the participants indicated that there no value which is connected to graffiti. Figure one: Degree of Importance of graffiti in Jeddah Interest in the Graffiti The study also indicated that ten percent of the participants were not interested in graffiti. Eighty-five percent of the participants had some interest in the graffiti and are in many cases refer to graffiti on the street walls. Another 5 percent indicated that in some cases, they had an interest in graffiti and some cases; they do not have the interest. That was not sure whether they are interested in it or not. Table 2: the table showing the interest rate Interest Number Percentage Interested 17 85 % Not interest 2 10 % Not sure 1 5% STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE11 Figure 2 showing the level of interest in graffiti Clarity of the Graffiti Fifty percent of the participant indicated that it would have been good if the intended message was made clearer. Thirty percent indicated that the message that is presented was clear and there is no need for enhancing it. However, twenty percent indicated that there are some cases in which the graffiti clear but in some cases, they need more elaboration. Table 3: Clarity of graffiti in Jeddah Graffiti Number Percentage Should be made clear 10 50 % Clear 6 30 % Some are clear 4 20% STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE12 Figure 3: Clarity of graffiti in Jeddah Graffiti and Beauty of a City Forty percent of those who were involved in the interviews during the study indicated that the graffiti gives beauty to the city. Thirty-five percent, however, indicated that there is no beauty which is added to the city by the graffiti while twenty-five percent indicated that it depends on where the graffiti was posted. Table 4: the table showing the interest rate Graffiti and Beauty of the city Number Percentage Gives beauty 8 40 % No beauty 7 35 % Not sure 5 25% Figure 4: the figure showing the relationship between the city beauty and graffiti STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE13 Graffiti and Intention About 5% of the respondents indicated that some graffiti has a bad intention and should be avoided. Fifty percent of the respondents indicated that the graffiti is always for good intents, while forty-five were not able to translate the graffiti into intention. Table 5: the table showing the relationship between Graffiti and Intention Graffiti and Intention Number Percentage Good intention 10 40 % No sure 9 35 % Bad intention 1 25% Figure 5: the table showing the relationship between Graffiti and Intention STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE14 Recommendation From the analysis of the results which has been obtained from the research study concerning the graffiti in the city of Jeddah. The following suggestions can be made. First, only those graffiti which generates positivism needs to be accepted on the walls of the streets. Those that are considered to be generating negativity should be deemed prohibited in the walls of the streets. Secondly, the culture of the vast majority in the city should be considered before posting the graffiti on the walls of a street, and those that promote that which is not accepted by the culture should be removed. In case the culture is neutral about certain graffiti, then the message it portrayed should be sought to ensure that only those that portrayed the messages which are legal in the society are accepted in the community are posted. The graffiti should be posted on the old buildings to add beauty to the cities. The walls which are clean and new should be considered last when it comes to determining where to post the graffiti. All the graffiti which are posted should indicate the intent before posting to the authorities of the city to avoid posting those who STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE15 have bad intentions. Since everyone in society can access the city walls, those graffiti which advertise adults only issues should not be accepted. Conclusion Graffiti are among the tools which are used to convey messages in society. The street walls of cities make marks the best places where the artists practice artwork through painting. However, the message that is conveyed by the graffiti should be scrutinized by the authority to ensure that no evil intention is associated with the graffiti. The advantages of graffiti such as adding beauty to the city should be encouraged in areas which are necessary for the graffiti to have duo advantages. Since most people consider graffiti to be important, there use should be encouraged when it is spreading constructive ideas in society. STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE16 References Bartolomeo, B. J. (2013). Aerosol Art & The Changing Face of Graffiti in the 21st Century. Graffiti Is Part of Us Union College, 12(35), 80-117. Conklin, T. (2012). Street Art, Ideology, and Public Space. Portland State University Journal, 12(4), 39-47. Global City. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.theatrefit.org/perch/resources/art-in-thecity-bunker-2014-ursic Januchta-Szostak, A. (2010). The Role of Public Visual Art in Urban Space Recognition. Cognitive Maps, 3(2), 14-52. Leventis, P. (2013). Walls of Crisis: Street Art and Urban Fabric in Central Athens, 2000–2012. Architectural Histories, 1(1), 19-30. Lewisohn, C. (2018). Indigenous Graffiti and Street Art as Resistance. Street Art of Resistance, 1(2), 251-274. Mailer, N., Kurlansky, M., & Naar, J. (2009). The Faith of Graffiti. The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 33(3), 373. Maslyak, P., Gryniuk, O., & Kazantseva, K. (2017). INFLUENCE OF STREET-ART ON THE FORMATION OF THE CITY IMAGE AND THE PRINCIPLES OF STREET-ART GEOGRAPHIC ZONES. Geology.Geography.Ecology, 46(23), 34-53. Radwan, A. H. (2014). Urban Street Art a Sign of Representing Culture, Economics & Politics of the Cities. SSRN Electronic Journal, 23(2), 32-45. Slovenia, L. (2014). 'City as a work of art'. Influence of public art in the city McCarthy, 25(64), 3-15. STREET ART EFFECT IN THE CITY IMAGE17 ...
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Tutor Answer

Tutorbetie
School: Duke University

Attached.

Street art effect in the city

research statement


Street art is visual art formed in open areas, typically unsanctioned fine art
executed outside of the conventional state art places.



The artists in most cases endeavors to leave some forms of messages such as
political issues, sentiments, and these statements are posted in the street where
every one of the general population can appreciate and assess them.



The study provides the readers with information about street art and how it can
influence the people's sentiments of the general spaces.



The methodology adopted for this study is a qualitative method applied in
Jeddah city by interviewing various participators in the case study and asking
about their experiences.



The expected outcomes of the research will help to clarify how the street arts
can raise the value of the city or destroy the image of the city and how can
street art affects people’s feelings of the space:

research literature review


According to Leventis (2013), street art has boosted the field of architecture in
various ways. Urban cities are designed and drawn on arts that offer a prospect
city design where engineers and developers get ideas to create new projects.



Artists have transformed primary atrium walls in the world with great minds in
generating expectations into pictures that can later be t...

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Anonymous
Good stuff. Would use again.

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