What is ​Maslow's theory of motivation ?

timer Asked: Nov 8th, 2015
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What is Maslow''s  theory of motivation 

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School: Cornell University

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Maslow's theory on motivation stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs unrelated to rewards or unconscious desires.

When one need is fulfilled, a person seeks to fulfill the next need and so on.

Maslow's theory of motivation as a way for people to fulfill needs comes in five stages.  Maslow created a five stage pyramid model that classifies human needs in affecting motivation.

At the bottom levels of the pyramid there are the four deficiency needs called "psychological," "safety," "love or social," and "esteem."

The fifth need at the very top of the pyramid is called growth needs (self-actualization).

The idea is that people are motivated to do things by satisfying their lower needs before progressing upward in the pyramid to satisfy higher level growth needs.

Motivation always starts at the bottom, before progressing upward in the pyramid.

Here are the 5 needs in detail, starting from the bottom:

1.) Biological and physiological needs (shelter, warmth, sleep, air, food, drink, ...body needs).

2.) Safety needs (law and order, protection from weather, security, freedom from fear).

3.) Love and belongingness needs (friendship, affection and love, intimacy from family, friends, romance, co-workers, etc.)

4.) Esteem needs (achievement, dominance, prestige, self-respect, respect from others).

5.) Self-actualization needs ( self-fulfillment, realizing personal potential, seeking personal growth and peak performances.)

Please let me know if you need any clarification. I'm always happy to answer your questions.

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