I need a 50 word reply to each student response

Nov 9th, 2015
Steve1995
Category:
Psychology
Price: $10 USD

Question description

ORIGINAL QUESTION:

Attachment

A. Imagine that you are a psychology professional working with first-time parents. One parent says, “Should I just let my baby cry so that he does not get spoiled?" Based on the course materials, discuss the importance of the development of a secure attachment in infancy, addressing the following issue:

  • How might the failure to develop a secure attachment affect a child later in life?
  • What parental/caregiver behaviors can help facilitate the development of a healthy and secure attachment in children? Try to provide an original suggestion, one that is unique, and different from what your peers have already provided.

B. According to Piaget, the infant is in the sensorimotor stage of development. David is a 9-month-old infant who can crawl and stand up holding onto something. He can purposefully crawl toward a ball to roll it. He can find objects that are hidden, and he knows how to get his mother or father to come to him when he cries.

  • Has David completed the sensorimotor stage? Why, or why not? What behaviors would you expect to see next in David?

STUDENT 1 RESPONSE:

Developing a secure attachment with your child is something that should be considered as important as remembering to bring them home from the hospital.  Attachment is “the strong emotional bond that emerges between infant and caregivers.” (Bukatko, 2008, p.247)  Secure attachments bring about strong cognitive, social and emotional development throughout infancy and childhood.

There are two primary schools of thought on the secure attachment bond, learning theory or the ethological view.  Both theories give way to the importance of securing an attachment.  Harlow’s experiment with the monkeys, showed that the security of a physical object that soothed the monkey was greater in securing an attachment than the act of feeding or providing for the monkey.  In the ethological view, the bond is forged by the infant giving signals and the caregiver response will affect the securement of the attachment.

Failure to secure those attachments in infancy could potentially cause the child to grow with attachment issues such as fear of caregivers, lack of trust and poor socialization skills.

The clearest way to secure a healthy attachment between the infant and caregiver would be simply responding to the infant’s needs consistently and appropriately.  This signals to the infant the safety of their needs being met as needed.  Appropriately responding would include a loving, warm touch, an offer of food, changing the diaper and all while responding to the infant through touch, eye contact, and even verbally in a smiling and positive manner.  Remembering that although it may be two in the morning and you have had no sleep, the child’s needs will be met safely and securely. 

David has not completed the sensorimotor stage.  According to Piaget’s model of this stage, David still has to learn tertiary circular reactions.  This is when David will start to experiment with different actions to get to the same goal.  An example would be that David will let go of a stuffed toy to watch it drop and figure out that if he let go of his cookie the same consequence would happen.  David will also be navigating through the invention of new means through mental combinations stage.  This is a stage where David will learn and develop problem solving and imitate an absent models behavior.  An example of this stage would be David was in daycare today and was observing his friend, Troy.  Troy was very excited and became upset when a caregiver removed Troy from the play area for naptime.  David observed Troy throw his head back in a screaming fit and wail in lost control of his environment.  The next morning while at home with his mother, David was removed from his play area to take his morning nap.  David responds by throwing his head back and wailing as he observed Troy do yesterday while in the daycare.

Bukatko, D. (2008). Child and adolescent development. A chronological approach. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin

STUDENT 2 RESPONSE:

A.  Imagine that you are a psychology professional working with first-time parents. One parent says, “Should I just let my baby cry so that he does not get spoiled?" Based on the course materials, discuss the importance of the development of a secure attachment in infancy, addressing the following issue:

Attachment: “The strong emotional bond that emerges between infant and caregivers. A prominent place in developmental psychology because of its link with successful cognitive, social, and emotional development throughout childhood.” (Bukatko, 2008, p. 247)Now that we know what in its basic form attachment is we can see that even as first time parents our patients should not be allowing the child to self-sooth by allowing the child to just cry.

·  How might the failure to develop a secure attachment affect a child later in life?

    • The failure to develop a secure attachment with an infant early in their life can lead the child to have a fear of the parent, to have anger and aggression issues later in their childhood as well into their adult life.

·  What parental/caregiver behaviors can help facilitate the development of a healthy and secure attachment in children? Try to provide an original suggestion, one that is unique, and different from what your peers have already provided.

    • Parents and primary caregivers can establish a strong healthy secure attachment with the child through face to face time. The time from birth to 6 months is when an infant is most impressionable to these interactions. The smiles, coo’s, gurgles, coming from the child that are responded to by the caregiver with attention are just as important as the cry’s for food, to be changed, or just for attention. One example of this would be a new premature baby, having the one on one time with her parents called “kangaroo”. This is when the child is placed on the mother or fathers bare chest. The belief, and there have been some studies done on it is that the skin to skin contact and the sound of the heart beat actually helps to improve the baby.

·  “When secure attachment are formed based on experiences of sensitive and responsive parenting, children become securely attached, while secure attachments reflecting experienced insensitive and unresponsive parenting lead to insecure attachment.” (Bosmans, 2014)

B. According to Piaget, the infant is in the sensorimotor stage of development. David is a 9-month-old infant who can crawl and stand up holding onto something. He can purposefully crawl toward a ball to roll it. He can find objects that are hidden, and he knows how to get his mother or father to come to him when he cries.

·  Has David completed the sensorimotor stage? Why, or why not? What behaviors would you expect to see next in David?

    • There are 6 stages in Piaget’s sensorimotor stage, so far David appears to have passed through 4 of those 6 stages.
    • Next we should see David pass through Tertiary Circular Reactions “experimentation with different actions to achieve the same goal or observe the outcomes” (Bukatko, 2008, p. 201). In this stage much like his crying to get the attention of a parent he would do something else to get their attention.

References

Bosmans, G. V. (2014). (In)variability of Attachment in middle childhood: Secure script evidence in diary data. Behavior Change, 31(4), 225-242. doi:10.1017/bec.2014.18

Bukatko, D. (2008). Child and adolescent development: A chronological approach. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.


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