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1.) Separate the violent and nonviolent criminal offenders.
To make matters worse, in most prisons when an inmate is threatened he or she is the one who gets locked up in a little cell for twenty-four hours a day, while those doing the threatening remain in the open population. We must revise this practice and begin to expect prisoners to be nonviolent. And we need to support them in this by offering conflict-resolution trainings such as the 'Alternatives to Violence" programs currently being conducted by and for convicts around the country. Such trainings should be required for all prisoners and staff.
(2)An inquisitorial system would help reduce or perhaps eliminate the obfuscation of the truth by prosecutors and defendants whose only goal is to win a court case. In such systems, a (hopefully impartial) judge takes an active roll in fact finding as well as resolving matters of the law. Lawyers are still present here, but take a back-seat role.
(3.) Make the drug problem a health problem, not a criminal justice problem.
(4.) Allow for transformation rather than mere rehabilitation.