Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!
Classical theory is
based on the following elements; that people should have free will in deciding
on how to deal with the offenders, crime may be mitigated when the offenders
are threatened with punishment, and punishment is perceived to be severe and
can control criminal behavior. While positivist approach advocates for
statistical based method; it argues that societal factors are likely to to
predict the characteristics which may encourage criminal behavior, and
therefore, society has its own way of determining the causes and punishments of
Siegal, 2010. Criminology,
The Core. Lowell: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
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