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Fin de siècle is French for end of the century. The term typically encompasses both the meaning of the similar English idiom 'turn of the century' and also the closing and onset of an era. The end of the 19th century was felt to be a period of degeneration, but at the same time a period of hope for a new beginning.The "spirit" of fin de siècle often refers to the cultural hallmarks that were recognized as prominent in the 1880s and 1890s, including ennui and "...a widespread belief that civilization leads to decadence"
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