What is state-sponsored terrorism as understood in this course?
A permanent status acquired when a state sponsors terror at any point in time in its history.
A temporary status acquired any time a state employs its military to terrorize its own citizens.
When states engage in terror against civilian non-combatants inside their own country.
When states support groups who use political violence against civilians in a foreign country.
Which idea did Ibn Taymiyya develop?
Being a “good Muslim” required the use of violence against nonbelievers
Non-traditional, non-Islamic societies do not facilitate social justice
Society should be modeled after the life of the Prophet Muhammad
The world is divided between the realm of Islam and the realm of ignorance
Which of the following is included in the universal terrorist profile?
Commitment to social justice
No universal profile exists
Strong religious devotion
Which of the following is the most vulnerable to current counterterrorism measures?
Binary group structures
Centralized group structures
Decentralized group structures
Hybrid group structures
Which statement best describes what research has concluded regarding the effectiveness of sanctions?
Sanctions apply more effectively when withholding aid then when withholding economic exchange.
Sanctions are generally ineffective if not counterproductive.
Sanctions function best when conducted unilaterally by a powerful country.
Sanctions punish the targeted country without affecting the country imposing them.
To what did the Obama administration’s holistic approach to counterterrorism lead?
NATO’s Comprehensive Approach
UN’s Comprehensive Approach
US Army’s Unified Land Operations
US Military’s COIN Doctrine
What is the historical record on commando raids?
They attract historically high public attention.
They have historically high accuracy rates.
They neutralize historically large organizations.
They pose a historically high risk to innocent people.
What effect did the post-9/11 US intelligence reforms have on international cooperation?
None, as domestic reforms alone achieved what was required to ensure US national security.
The US built its most prolific partnerships with Middle Eastern governments and their security agencies.
The US secured bilateral and multilateral intelligence and counterterrorism agreements.
The US was able to establish agreements with foreign governments without extensive negotiations.
Which intelligence organization has access to all information databases held by both US intelligence and law enforcement communities?
Which organization was created by the IRTPA of 2004?
The CIA was told to model an aspect of its operations after law enforcement in order to address which intelligence failure?
Insufficient human intelligence
Lack of information sharing
Lack of information technology
Shortage of linguists
Have terrorist organizations always used the newest communication technologies?
No, because counterterrorism measures are too effective against modern technology
No, terrorists only starting using technology with the advent of the Internet
Yes, although they only use one type of media to ensure a control of their messages
Yes, even though what constitutes the “newest” changes over time
According to our course, which of the following is an advantage of fund raising over the Internet?
It can allow donors to make donations virtually anonymously.
It can be used to hide large transactions more easily than small ones.
It can filter out information contradicting the organization’s ideology.
It can present media through text, audio, and video.
Which of the following is the most accurate statement according to our course?
Legislation will likely address problems with media and terrorism in the US.
Media in the United States is an accomplice to terrorism.
The media plays an important role in disseminating terrorist ideologies.
The media serves no fundamentally useful or positive function.
Which of the following is the most effective tool for terrorist organizations and hate groups seeking to identify potential recruits?
When does the media tend to provide as much airtime to counterterrorism measures as to terrorist attacks?
When public officials provide detailed explanations of counterterrorism measures.
When terrorist leaders engage in negotiations with legitimate political leaders.
When terrorist organizations have the burden of proof to demonstrate their effectiveness.
When the counterterrorism measures involve dramatic military interventions.
What does our course say about the US media’s role in the US’ early post-9/11 counterterrorism strategy?
The media avoided referring to the US response in terms of war.
The media contributed to the formation of the strategy.
The media criticized the US government’s failure to prevent 9/11.
The media predicted the formation of the strategy.
Which of the following was a difference between how the US media and the non-US media covered the events leading to the US 2003-invasion of Iraq?
Non-US media covered the US build up toward Iraq in less critical terms than US media.
Non-US media expressed less faith in the US inspection process than US media.
US media articulated more faith in direct military intervention than non-US media.
US media had less confidence in the warnings from intelligence agencies than non-US media.
Which of the following does our course predict about the future of terrorism?
Terrorism is increasingly become a means for substantially powerful actors to achieve their goals against less powerful individuals and organizations.
Terrorist organizations are likely to become immune to current counterterrorism methods.
The context of modern technology means that individual actors have a higher risk of being detected by terrorism prevention measures.
The context of modern technology means that individual actors have a lower ability to inflict great harm.
What does our course suggest political leaders should to combat terrorism?
Garner the highest ratings possible when discussing terrorism during media interviews.
Hold the public accountable for achieving or failing to achieve desired security goals.
Refrain from dramatic pronouncements even if they mitigate terrorist activities.
Set the public’s realistic expectations regarding the terrorist threat.
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