Can you do a breakdown of tetracarbonylnickel (please) ?

Anonymous
timer Asked: Nov 21st, 2015
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Question Description

What is the chemical formula, is it an ionic compound, what is the charge, how many ligands, which are the anions, and cations?

Tutor Answer

nasir69
School: Purdue University

Thank you for the opportunity to help you with your question!

Nickel tetracarbonyl

Nickel tetracarbonyl
Nickel carbonyl
Nickel carbonyl
Nickel carbonyl
Names
IUPAC name
Tetracarbonylnickel
Other names
Nickel tetracarbonyl
Nickel carbonyl
Identifiers
13463-39-3 Yes
ChEBICHEBI:30372 Yes
ChemSpider21865021 Yes
EC Number236-669-2
Jmol interactive 3DImage
PubChem26039
RTECS numberQR6300000
UN number1259
Properties
Ni(CO)4
Molar mass170.73 g/mol
Appearancecolorless or very-pale-yellow liquid[1]
diamagnetic
Odormusty,[1] like brick dust
Density1.319 g/cm3
Melting point−17.2 °C (1.0 °F; 256.0 K)
Boiling point43 °C (109 °F; 316 K)
.018 g/100 mL (10 °C)
Solubilitymiscible in most organic solvents
soluble in nitric acidaqua regia
Vapor pressure315 mmHg (20°C)[1]
Viscosity3.05 x 10−4 Pa s
Structure
Tetrahedral
Tetrahedral
zero
Thermochemistry
320 J K−1 mol−1
−632 kJ/mol
−1180 kJ/mol
Hazards
Safety data sheetICSC 0064
Flammable ('F)
Carc. Cat. 3
Repr. Cat. 2
Very Toxic (T+)
Dangerous for the environment (N)
R-phrasesR61R11R26R40R50/53
S-phrasesS53S45S60S61
NFPA 704
Flash point4 °C (39 °F; 277 K)
60 °C (140 °F; 333 K)
Explosive limits2–34%
Lethal dose or concentration (LDLC):
266 ppm (cat, 30 min)
35 ppm (rabbit, 30 min)
94 ppm (mouse, 30 min)
10 ppm (mouse, 10 min)[2]
360 ppm (dog, 90 min)
30 ppm (human, 30 min)
42 ppm (rabbit, 30 min)
7 ppm (mouse, 30 min)[2]
US health exposure limits (NIOSH):
TWA 0.001 ppm (0.007 mg/m3)[1]
TWA 0.001 ppm (0.007 mg/m3)[1]
Ca [2 ppm][1]
Related compounds
Iron pentacarbonyl
Dicobalt octacarbonyl
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Anonymous
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