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Biology
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Explain what is meant by the terms fluid balance, electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance, and discuss their importance for homeostasis. List the most frequent threats to acid-base balance, and explain how the body responds when the pH of body fluids varies outside normal limits.

Nov 22nd, 2015

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Fluid balance is perception of being homeostasis that the quantity of fluid lost from body is equal to the fluid taken in. electrolytes are the minerals contained in the body that have electric charge, they are contained in fluids like urine, blood and other body fluids, and therefore electrolyte balance implies to balancing of these minerals. Acid –base balance in the body implies to maintaining the blood alkalinity and acidity, the blood acidity increases when the acidic compounds are increased in the body while body alkalinity increases when body alkalinity raises, therefore balancing blood acidity and alkalinity is referred to as acid-base balance.

Importance

Maintaining blood electrolytes to right balance facilitates smooth running of body processes, muscle actions and blood flow.

Increase in blood acidity or alkalinity can severely affect the body organs, and therefore maintaining blood acid-base balance is important.

How body responds to change in pH of body fluids outside the body

In response to decrease in pH, the respiratory system communicates by ending impulses to diaphragm and intercostals muscles, through the phrenic nerve and intercostals nerve respectively to increase inhaling rate and the capacity of the lungs during breathing in.

Central chemorecptors  senses the change in pH of the celebrospinal fluid and the self-regulation mechanism occurs where lungs volume increases to release more carbon dioxide.


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Nov 22nd, 2015

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