Explain what is meant by the terms fluid balance, electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance, and discuss their importance for homeostasis. List the most frequent threats to acid-base balance, and explain how the body responds when the pH of body fluids varies outside normal limits.
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Fluid balance is perception of being homeostasis that the
quantity of fluid lost from body is equal to the fluid taken in. electrolytes are
the minerals contained in the body that have electric charge, they are
contained in fluids like urine, blood and other body fluids, and therefore
electrolyte balance implies to balancing of these minerals. Acid –base balance
in the body implies to maintaining the blood alkalinity and acidity, the blood
acidity increases when the acidic compounds are increased in the body while
body alkalinity increases when body alkalinity raises, therefore balancing
blood acidity and alkalinity is referred to as acid-base balance.
Maintaining blood electrolytes to right balance facilitates
smooth running of body processes, muscle actions and blood flow.
Increase in blood acidity or alkalinity can severely affect
the body organs, and therefore maintaining blood acid-base balance is
How body responds to change in pH of body fluids outside the
In response to decrease in pH, the respiratory system
communicates by ending impulses to diaphragm and intercostals muscles, through
the phrenic nerve and intercostals nerve respectively to increase inhaling rate
and the capacity of the lungs during breathing in.
senses the change in pH of the celebrospinal fluid and the self-regulation mechanism occurs where lungs volume increases to release more carbon dioxide.
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Nov 22nd, 2015
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