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Theory X' and 'Theory Y' are the theories of human motivation and management.
These theories describe two contrasting models of workforce motivation in organizational behaviour,human resourse,organizational development and organizational communication.
According to these theories, there are two types of managers and workers to encounter in the workplace or two types of managers that employees may encounter in the workplace. These models are used by leaders to find a way how to motivate their employees in the best possible way.
'Theory X' managers must depend on the threat of punishment to gain employee attention. When practiced, this theory can lead tlack of trust, highly restrictive supervision and a punitive atmosphere. The 'Theory X' manager believes that all actions can be traced and the responsible individual needs a direct reward or a reprimand according to the action's outcomes.
Theory Y, in contrast, is made by considering the worker as the most important asset of the company. Workers are considered optimistic, dynamic and flexible people. It is believed that workers enjoy their physical and mental work, workers are highly valued and considered as an important asset to the company
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