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promotes humanizing belief in the notion that offenders can be saved and not
simply punished whereas retribution involves
the disapproval for offenders’ wrongdoing and to clearly condemn his criminal
actions through punishment
recognized social inequity that is offenders need to be rehabilitated hence
accepting the idea that circumstances often constrain and lead to criminality
it rejects the idea that offenders who commit crime should be punished
equally irrespective of their
backgrounds whereas retribution recognizes the offender’s status as a moral
agent hence asks the offender to take responsibility.
advocates that more serious crimes should be punished more seriously because of
more severe violation of rules whereas rehabilitation gives the offender a
chance to get a lighter punishment regardless of the type of crime.
E. (2004). Criminal justice: Retribution vs. restoration? Binghamton,
NY: Haworth Social Work Practice Press :.
J. (1995). Punishment and rehabilitation (3rd ed.). Belmont, Calif.:
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