Ability of Small States to Survive Wars with Major Powers Discussion

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Need help with my Political Science question - I’m studying for my class.

Only "Fromkin, David. Europe's Last Summer: Who started the Great War in 1914 (2005 edition)" textbook (I would not be able to provide) is allowed as reference. 

Explain the ability of small states to survive wars with major powers

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The Survival of Small States during the Great War of 1914
How did the smaller states survive the great war? At the start of the twentieth century,
Europe’s human accomplishment comprised of advancements in technology, science, and
industry. It also exceeded any civilization that had ever existed in terms of wealth, knowledge, and
power. At the beginning of the 1900s, the Great Power of Europe consisted of a handful of
countries such as Great Britain, Russia, Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy who ruled most of
the earth. The remaining locations belonged to the smaller or less powerful states such as Portugal,
Spain, Belgium, and Holland. With the combination of the empires held by the Great Powers and
the small states, Europe spanned the Globe. The Great conflict in the summer of 1914 comprised
of two wars, both intertwined and started deliberately. One war was started by the Haps-burg
empire and the other by the German empire. The two wars were about power, especially the
relative ranking among the great European powers that were in control of most of the world. Both
Austria and Germany believed to be losing control, and each started a war to maintain their
position. Contrary to the opinions of most historians who regarded the international conflict of
1914 as meaningless, the war was purposeful. At the beginning of the war, the Great powers were
fighting to maintain their positions. However, the smaller nations also made it upon themselves to
ensure their survival and continued existence. The ability of the small states to survive the Great

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War with Great Powers relied on crucial strategies such as neutrality, forming alliances, signing
treaties, and even surrendering.
One of the grand strategy used by the smaller nations to survive the Great War with the
Great powers is neutrality. This strategy allowed the small states to exclude themselves from the
war. Among the recognized neutral states were Netherlands, Luxemburg, and Belgium, (Fromkin,
Ch.4). Schlieffen envisioned tampering with the neutrality of Holland in an attempt to gain access
to France. At the end of July, the Chancellor attempted to make an offer that Germany would
protect the integrity and independence of Holland and would not seek the French territories if
Britain agreed to remain neutral during the war. Moltke, however, decided to exclude Holland
from the attack. The primary reason for this exclusion is that Germany needed the neutral
Netherlands as a powerhouse for its supplies in the event of the development of a war of attrition.
As such, Germany sought to narrow its invasion...

Zfuneba (15642)
UT Austin

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